T I S T O R Y MSS 124
Tallmadge Stagecoach Records
4 1/ 2 cubic feet
Provenance: The Ohio Historical Society acquired the
Tallnadge Stagecoach Records prior to November 1939. Andrea
Durham Lentz processed the collection in July 1967. Tauni
Graham reorganized the collection in November 1983.
Property rights: The Ohio Historical Society owns the property
rights to this collection.
Copyrights: Copyrights have not been dedicated to the public.
Consideration of the requiremas of copyright is the responsi-bility
of the author and publisher.
Access: This collection is open under the rules and regulations
' of the Ohio Historical Society.
Citation: Researchers are requested to cite collection name,
collection number, and the Ohio Historical Society in all footnote
and bibliographic references.
Scope and content: The Tallmadge Stagecoach Records date from
1824 to 1854 and occupy four and one- half cubic feet. The records
are arranged chronologically by month and primarily consist of
bills and receipts relating to various stagecoach lines owned and
operated by Darius Tallmadge. Some of the lines were organized
as part of the Ohio Stage Company, in which Tallmadge was a
partner. The collection reveals the immense amount of business
carried on each year, and gives a good indication of the type of
expense incurred by a stagecoach line, as well as the variety of
its needs. Examples of this variety are bills from innkeepers,
horse traders, blacksmiths, harness shops and apothecaries;
records of tolls paid and taxes due; and fines for delivering
damaged mail or delivering none at all. There is no indication,
however, of how much profit was made during the year; there are
few records of the rates charged for mail, passengers or
baggage; and no record of the number of goods and people travel-ling
the lines. Related records document Tallmadge's operation
of the Phoenix Hotel/ Tallmadge House after 1836, including
accounts for services and materials used during remodeling.
Biographical sketch: Born in Schaghticoke, New York, on
June 30, 1800, Darius Tallmadge was the youngest of the four-teen
children of Josiah and Margaret Tallmadge. His father died
when Darius was two; his mother when he was ten. He lived with
his brother David four years, and thereafter stayed with another
brother, Peter. In 1821 he married Sarah Ann Wood of Varna,
New York, and farmed in that town until 1825 when he decided to
go west to improve his fortunes.
OHIO HISTORICAL SOCIETY
1982 Vcima Avenue. Columbiis. Ohio 43211~ 2497 ? h: a4.297.2300 fx: 614,297,2411
www. ohioiirtory. org
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