Ohio Jewish Chronicle, 1945-07-27, page 01
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".'.''."¦¦¦M'—trii.KJ*-**"«--.*¦ N"SiW.'^t'iU'.!!i"''^'^'*^^ OHIOJE\^ HRONICLE . -'- —T -11- ITI ^ SfW/ Senrtng ColmnfauB and Centeal Ohio fevyidi Comnmnity ^A\K Vol 23, No. 30 entered as Second-Clui Matter, Postofflce Columbui,, Ohio. COIiUMBUS, OHIO, JTllDAY, JITLY 27, 1945 DcvQtad to American «nd Jtwiih MmI) Strictly Confidential SideUghta on Jewish Affairs By GRACE .lAFPE (In the absence abroad of Phineas J. Biron) WITH THE ARMKD FORCES . . fe Congrats to Dinah Shore, of the Shore-nuff beautiful voice, in her rating In the second an¬ nual poll by Billboard magazine on what the boys in the U. S. A. camljs want In musical personal¬ ities . . . Dinah came out tops in the feminine vocal division — and you can be sure the boys oversieas agree with their bud¬ dies here . . . back In civilian life is Sgt. Dave Rose, on a medical discharge . . . Dave, you remember, is one of those for¬ tunate few who.se career wasn't Interrupted by his military ser¬ vice, for his Uncle Sam found his musical gift extremely useful . . . His discharge follows several months' confinement In a hospi¬ tal. . IWUSICAIi NOTES . . . Ba Did you know that the Sta- diiim Concerts, those popular- priced open-air offerings of good music given every summer at the Lewisohn Stadium ot New York's City College, originated 28 .years ago as a two-week con¬ cert series for servicemen? . . . Then, as now, Mrs. Charles S. Guggenhelmer, chairman of the Concerts ran the show . . . More than 50,000 servicemen are ex¬ pected to attend this season's 54 concerts (on weelc-end nights men In uniform are admitted free) . . . An up-and-coming young violinist Is Paul Wolfe, who combines study at Queens College with serious Symphony orchestra work. . . He's the son of composer-Pianist Jacques Wolfe and his ambltiop Is to be¬ come the concertmaster or con¬ ductor of a symphony orchestra . . . The Metropolitan second Opera's "Italian tenor", Jan Peerce, feels flattered when peo¬ ple call him the second Caruso, but insists that really he is the first Peerce . . . And he's not kidding there, for he actually lu the first one to bear the name Peerce . •. The name was created for hiro by the late Roxy, who "discovered" his singing gift, and who thought that the name Jacob Plnkus Perelmuth was a little unwieldy for a tenor Right in the groove dug by the Gershwin film biography, "Rhapsody In Blue", are two new Victor Red Seal albums of Gershwin masterpieces . , . One brings you the famed Rhapsody, the other is an orchestral ar¬ rangement of the only Gersh¬ win opera "Porgy and Bess' . . . STEIN SONG . . . HB One of the cutest of the mul¬ titudinous Gertrude Stein stories is the one concerning the royalty check sent her by her publisher, Bennett Cerf . . . Feeling that Gertie would appreciate a little Stelnese, Cerf made out the check for "two thousand thous¬ and dollars dollars" ... Where¬ upon Miss Stein lapsed into or¬ dinary English just long enough to cable him; ' Cut out this non¬ sense and make my check out properly" . . In case you've been wondering how she managed to live in relative peace during the Nazi occupation of France, you should know that it was ail due to a French gendarmerie captain who did a little expert finagling with her identification pass and his report on her (which should have been sent to the Nazis, but vrasn't) . . . Recently, after the liberation, the captain told her why; "I thought you were too (Continued on Page 8) Unrcvealed Facts On | Jewish Life ^Jnder German Occupation NEW YORK (JPS)—Facts on the high moral level to which Jews rose, and the depths to which they dropped under Ger¬ man occupation, are revealed probably for the first time in an article by Dr. Mark Dworshet- zky In a Paris leiter published by Der Ifiddisher Kempfer. of¬ ficial organ of Poale Zion (Labor Zionist) Party in this country. A "veteran" of a number of ghet¬ tos and concentration camps, he says it is Important to reveal the whole truth, and he does. In Vilna Jewish youth formed an incomparably resourceful and self-sacrificing partisan move¬ ment, but members of the Jew¬ ish ghetto police helpeti to fer¬ ret Jews Out of their hiding places and lead them to their death. Jewish girls, members of the Hechalutz (Palestine pioneer) movement risked their lives to establish contacts among the ghettos and called Jews to rise In defense of Jewish honor, while some Jewish women, "lic¬ entiously"; sold their honor for bigger rations. Jewish chil¬ dren, in escaping from the ghet¬ tos carried on their shoulder.s in¬ valided colleagues and parents. Poli.sh guards at Suthoff, near Danzig, smuggled food to Jewish children "for the price ot home- sexual relations". Two Polish (Christian) girls, on their own initiative, would steal in and out of the Vlina ghetto, carrying at peril of their lives, messages for the Jewish underground. Jews preferred to be guarded by S. S. rather than Poles, be¬ cause S. S. men would beat them on order, while the majority of Polish guards beat them "on their own", obtaining pleasure from torturing Jews. The lives ot many Jewish Intellectuals might have been saved, had Jews, accustomed to trench dig¬ ging and other manual labor re¬ lieved these intellectuals occas¬ ionally Instead ot mocking their helplessness. BERLIN CITY COUNCIL CALLOUS TO JEWISH NEEDS New York Senator Urges Big Three To Act On Balfour Declaration Silver And Wise Hail Zionist Unity In America. NEW YORK (WNS) — In a Joint statement this week hail¬ ing the end of the breach in the Zionist movement in America, Dra Wise and Silver, co-chair¬ men of the re-organized Amer¬ ican Zionist Emergency Council, declared that the 'American Zionist front is once again uni¬ ted and strong" and that "we can now apeak effectively in the name of the entire Zionist mem¬ bership of our country at the forthcoming World Zionist Con¬ ference in London". Similar sentiments were ex¬ pressed by Zionist leaders here and throughout the country. The return of Dr. Silver to active leadership ot American Zionist political work marks an end to a dispute over policy and methods which has existed in Zionist ranks since December, 1D44, when he resigned. The reorganization is expected to unite Zionist leadership of this counti-y behind a prpgram of vigorous action. Show yoar appreciation to the Chronicle's 24 years of loyol and devoted ser¬ vice to Colnmbns Jewish Commiuslty by paying yonr sabscrlptlon tio\r--49Mi for the year. ' BERLIN (WNS)—There is an obslrucllonist attitude toward.^ ¦Tews witNln tiie Be(rlin cdty Cnuncil, Which has taken the poslUcin that It has no respon¬ sibility for the damage caused by the Nazi regime to Jews and non-Jews, It was tieclared here by a reliable non-Jewish source whose identity cannot now be disclosed. The informant stated that the Communists are exercising great Influence in the city council but that it was difficult to ascertain whether they, too, shared in the latent remainders of inti- Semltism. The city coun- I, or magistrate, acts as a sort i cab¬ inet to the Russian-appointed mayor. Dr. Arthur Werner. An attempt to secure further information on the status of the Jews in Berlin from such sources as Dr. Werner, Major Lipnicky, Marshal Zhukov's liason officer to the Berlin administration. Father Buchoitz, who is in charge ot religious affairs, re¬ sulted in varied and contradic¬ tory replies. But the net result of the inquiry was the disclos¬ ure that no measures had yet been taken to cover specific Jewish problems. In the meantime it was dis¬ closed that Jews who had been hiding In Berlin are to be mov¬ ed up on the food ration scale. This benefit will extend to all who had been in concentration camps, depending on the kind of work they are doing. Special food allowances are to be given only to those Jews who had been persecuted for political reasons. When Major Lipnicky was told that the Jewish Hospital, unlike the Catholic and Protestant churches, had been denied cred¬ its to enable it to pay salaries and to meet current expenses, he said that It was Russia's policy to give the city council as much freedom of action as possible. He intimated that the request had been turned down by the maglstrat. Dn. Werner said that the city administration was acting on trustee tor all Nazi-owned prop¬ erty and that ail persons, in¬ cluding Jews, who can prove ownership will get It back. He disclosed, howej;er, that no measures had yet been decided on for the restoration of factor¬ ies and industries. Berlin Jews Appeal For Aid Dr. Erich ZwUsky, head of the Jewish Hospital here, declared that the few thousand Jews in Berlin are in urgent need of help, particularly medical sup¬ plies. The doctors In the hos¬ pital, ten in number, are handi¬ capped by lack of drugs and in¬ struments. There Is also a shortage ot nurses. Disclosing that during the chaos of the Russian siege of Beriln the hospital had been looted of beds, linens and other essentials. Dr. Zwilsky said the^ remaining X-ray machine wbj practically useless, because the lack of film. Before the cap^latlon ofgei lin, an qrder Vas^4jis«sato liquidate the hosVital and its staff, but for sonie\inexpialned reason it was not carried out. At present it is functioning as a center tor Jewish activities. Disclosing that 2,000 Jews had committed suicide in Beriln since 1938, Dr. Z-yilsky said that many patients In the hospital were saved from deportation by Jew- (Contlnued on Page Four) WASHINGTON -(WNS)—Sen¬ ator .laniea Mead. Democrat of Mbw York, has urged the free Immigration of Jews into Pal- etstlne under the direction of the Jewish Agency for Pales¬ tine. Addressing 'he Senate. Sena¬ tor Mead declared that the Big Three conference made it "the appropriate hour" to withdrav\- the White Paper of 1!)39 and to 'ask fnr the 'fulfillment Of the intent and tho purpose of the Balfour Declaration" and of the 1P24 Anglo-American Conven¬ tion, intenrled to create a nation¬ al homeland in Palestine for the Jewish people. The Senator supplemented hi.s remarks by in.serting in the Con¬ gressional Record a memoran¬ dum submitted to the President and Secretary of State by the American Jewish Trade Union CommiUee for Palestine, also a statement by President Roose¬ velt, and excerpts from the plat¬ forms of the Democratic and Re¬ publican party platforms bearing on Palestine. Deportation'Of Jews Paralyzed Dutch Diamond Industry NEW YORK (JPS)—The de¬ portation, hy the Nazis ot Dutch-Jewish diamond cutters, and the confiscation of diamonds from Jewish and noin-Jewlsh dealers In Holland, has paraly¬ zed the Netherlands diamond In¬ dustry, before the war the larg¬ est diamond Industry In the world, Pieter van Muidjen, sec¬ retary of the Netherlands Dia¬ mond Workers Association re¬ ports, according to a dispatch to the Netherlands Information Bureau here. Fifteen-hundred to two thousand Jewish dia¬ mond cutters were among the last Dutch-Jews deported to Poland. Only 50 or 60 of them survived German death camps, Jewish diamond merchants were forced to "sell" 30,000 car¬ ats to a diamond trustee. An additional 20,000 carats, valued at 10.000,000 guilders, were ex ported to Germany for "safe keeping". Many of the diamond workers, such as those of the firms ot Swaap, Rozeiaar and DeVriend. were killed in concentration camps, Henri Polak, president of the Netherlands Diamond Workers Association, died in a hospital at Eemnes, after having been held prisoner for two years by a Nazi doctor, in an unven- tllated attic at Wassenaar. The Netherlands Government is taking preliminary measures to restore the Anmsterdam Dia¬ mond Industry. United Jewish Fund Campaign Chairman Extends His Thanks FIRST J. D. C. TEAJf ENTERS GERMANY Typifying the wonderful un¬ derstanding and generosity with which Cnlumlnis Jewish Com¬ munity contributed to the 1945 United Jewish, Fund campaign, the following statement was this week made by Robert .\V. Schiff, C.Tmpalgn Chairman: ¦ "This years greatest of all drives of the united Jewish Fund nf Columbus ha,s: fnrmally end¬ ed, Columhus Jewry, men, women and juniors came through "above and beyond tbe call". Tn date, more than 2.800 individuals have participated in a.ssisting the "Remnant of Is¬ rael" to survive and aiding oth¬ er local and national necessary worthwhile causes. "All previous records and amounts have been surpassed in the present drive. Additional funds, every dollar of which will be put to use for the benefit ot those humanitarian agencies, are anticipated to swell the total al¬ ready pledged. "I wish to extend my appre¬ ciation to .ail members of the campaign committee of the Men's, Women's and Junior Di¬ visions as well as the solicitors, for their outstanding achieve¬ ment, and last but not least, the contributors whose splendid giving brought success to this year's effort". Petition President Truman To Release Oswego Internees NEW YORK (WNS) — More than o'ne hundred prominent citizens, including Albert Ein¬ stein, Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt and Herbert H. Lehman, have petitioned the President and government departments con¬ cerned, to free 968 refuges from the government eheiter at Fort Ontario. Declaring that "while Amet*- icans are fighting to establish freedom and human dignity throughout the world, it Is scarcely to be tolerated that anti-Nazi refugees should be confined against their will at Fort Ontario", the group, act¬ ing as the Sponsors' Committee of the Friends of Fort Ontario Guest-Refugees. recommended that the" government should. 1—Give the refugees at Fort Ontario their immediate free¬ dom to live and work wherever they choose In the United States; and regularize, as quickly as possible, the status of those who normally would have been eli¬ gible for immigration; 2—facili¬ tate the repatriation, or emi¬ gration to other countries, of those who desire it; and 3—De¬ clare it to be the policy of the United States that no laiv-abid- ing political or religious refu¬ gee should be repatriated or sent to another country against his will. NEW VORK (JPS)—The first seven-man-teanij representing the American-Jewish Joint Dis¬ tribution Committee, has enter¬ ed a German concentration camp to aid in the rehabilitating of former prisoners and in con¬ tacting their surviving relatives, the American Joint Distribution Center reports here. Nine oth¬ er JDC teams, supervised by the UNRRA, are expected to enter other German concentration camps shortly. BROOKLYN GIRL, HANDLES PRES. TRUMAN'S "BIG THREE- CALLS NEW YORK (JPS) — WAC Corporal Lester, 24-year-oUi daughter of Mrs. Bertha Lester, ot Brooklyn, is serving as per¬ sonal switchboard operatoi for President Truman at the "Big Three" Conference at Potsdam, It is reported here. Corporal Lester will handle all of the Prsident's transatlantic calls.
|Title||Ohio Jewish Chronicle, 1945-07-27|
|Subject||Jews -- Ohio -- Periodicals|
|Place||Columbus (Ohio); Franklin County (Ohio)|
|Creator||Ohio Jewish Chronicle|
|Collection||Ohio Jewish Chronicle|
|Submitting Institution||Columbus Jewish Historical Society|
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