Ohio Jewish Chronicle, 1959-07-24, page 01
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COLUMBUS EDITION T%7"Tj#^Tr TT^ COLUMBUS Si^^J-v'isiidiHn EDITION * T'3lDl703Hf57 Vol. 37, No. 30 FRIDAY, JULY 24, 1959 39 Dtvattd to American and Jvwtih IdMli JDC Help Given 200,000 In 1958 Aid Given To Jews In Poland ffighlights Effort, 22,000 Reached NEW YORK (JTA)—More than 200,000 men, women and children received assistance of one kind or another from the Joint Distribu¬ tion Committee during last year, according to the 1958 annual re¬ port Issued by the JDC. Of this group, more than 100,000 were in Moslem countries, principally North Africa aJid Iran. Also in¬ cluded were some 57,000 in Eu¬ rope, 40,000 in Israel, and more than 4000 in such other areas as Australia. "Perhaps the most notable sin¬ gle development of 1858 was the assistance which JDC had under¬ taken to provide to Jews in Poland," the report states. "Since December 1957, when JDC re¬ sumed its activities In Poland, JDC aid has reached some 22,000 individuals." TURNING TO the Moslem world, the summary indicates that while "relative quiet continued for the vast majority of Jews liv¬ ing In the Moslem world, a sense of Insecurity continued to prevail for men, women and children liv¬ ing under the shadow of Arab nationalism. "Quite naturally, this feeling was at Its strongest in PROBE DEMAND FOLLOWS RIOT ON HAIFA WATERFRONT JERUSALEM, (JTA) — Rioting by North African Immigrants In Haifa following a brawl In the waterfront this week sparked de¬ mands for a full-fledged Inves¬ tigation of conditions under which the North Africans live and of charges of discrimination against these Immigrants. A political debate and public discussion proceeded against a background of reports by the Soviet press and radio of what actually took place last week when 13 police were injured In clashes with a rioting mob. Tass, official Soviet news agency, reported that "mass dem¬ onstrations are sweeping across Israel in protest against unem- p I o y m e n t and discriminatory meaiiures by the Israeli authori¬ ties against arrivals from North Africa." IN ISIIAEL/S Parliament, where Opposition parties were deter¬ mined to make political capital out of the incident, a move to transfer from a Government in¬ vestigative body to a Knesset committee responsibility for in¬ vestigating the incident was beaten down. The Knesset, however, by a vote of 67-13, ordered the Government to increase the committee to five membera. Government critics had argued that the Government was not the proper agency to Investi¬ gate since it had to bear the re¬ sponsibility for the conditions which led to the daylong rioting. IttANY OF the debaters ex¬ pressed the opinion that the social and economic conditions of the residents in the slum section were responsible for the rioting. They advocated a rise In the living standards of the North African immigrants as the only way to rid them of their feeling that they were the victims of discrimina¬ tion. To maintain quiet in the slum quarter In Half^ where the riot¬ ing occurred, the Iferut called off a scheduled meeting. Swift police action in Tiberias prevented a re¬ currence there of the Haifa dis¬ turbances. Police detained in Tiberas a North African Immi¬ grant who attacked a bus driver. Egypt. But It was perceptible even in Tunisia where there is no discrimination against Jews or ethnic minorities," the report stated. "Despite all diffioulties, JDCs program in Moslem countries reached more needy Jews than in any other area of the world—^In 1968 more than 100,000 men, wo¬ men and children In these areas received JDC assistance," Moses A. Leavitt, executive vice chair¬ man, stressed. Morocco had the largest number requiring aid— some 61,200. There were 16,600 beneficiaries in Tunisia; 4000 in Algeria, and some 18,900 in Iran. Because Iran has remained un¬ affected by the conflicts in the Middle Bast, the JDC has been able to continue its program on behalf of the Iranian Jewlah population with no hindrance, he pointed out. MR. LEAVITT declared that despite a decrease in the number of refugees during the year, "JDCs caseload waa even larger at the end of 1958 than it had been at the beginning of the year." The expenditures of the JDC totalled $27,703,400 for its opera¬ tions In Israel, Moslem countries and Europe. "Despite some notable advances during the year," Mr. Leavitt de¬ clared, "the outlook at year's end was that in 1959 even greater numbers of men, women and chil¬ dren would require JDCs aid than in the year that was ending." For 1959 JDC has adopted a budget of $29,593,000 for aid to more than 250,000 needy Jews overseas. The financial mainstay of JDCs over¬ seas rehabilitation and reconstruc¬ tion programs, the report notes, continues to be funds provided through the nationwide campaign of the United Jewish Appeal. Summarizing his report, Mr. Leavitt reported that "even when there is prosperity, there are many who are hungry and need to be fed; and even when the very echoes of World War II have faded into the past and ail the world has recovered, there are men and women still wounded and sick and in need of our aid." AMONG THE more than 200,000 needy Jewa In all parts of the world who received aid during 1958, the largest number—84,000— benefited from feeding programs, Mr. Leavitt indicated. JDC aid aiso Included: cash relief for 27,000; medical care for 31,000 (Continued on paffe 4) Ben Gurion Fails To Form Cabinet Israel President Starts Vacation, Caretaker Government To Continue Vandals Desecrate Georgia Synagogues COLUMBUS, GEORGIA, (JTA) —Anti-Semitic vandals last week¬ end painted huge swastikas with —the words "Hell Hitler" on two Jewish houses of worship here and burned thousands of dollars worth of paintings at the Museum of Arts and Oafts, police re¬ ported. After destroying the paintings at the Museum, the vandals painted the same swastikas on the museum as had been painted on the synagogues. Authorities estimated the damage to the art works at several thousand dollars. They were attempting to assess the number of paintings burned and damage done. Local police tended to dismiss the incident lightly, stating it had nothing to do with prejudice but was only vandalism. There are f^bout 1000 Jews in Columbus. Local Jewish leaders are abstaining from commenting on the incidents. Among the burn¬ ed paintings were art works that were a part of a prize-winning exhibit from New York. Extra Candle For Peter The real "frosting" on Peter Meyer's birthday oake Is the fact that he Is recovering from delicate heart surgery at National Jewish Hospital in Denver. Peter celebrated his fifth Wrthday there recently, but his mother, Mrs. Walfried Meyer of Phoenix, placed an extra candle on the cake as "orte to grow on." (Story on Page 4.) Human Relations Session To Open At OSU Sunday A second annual Institute on Human Relations to be held at Ohio State University for one week beginning Sunday will open with an Informal social and get- acqualnted program Sunday eve¬ ning. Sponsored by the College of Education in co-operation with the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith, Catholic Intei;racial Council, National (Conference of Christians and Jews, and Ohio Councii of Churches, the Institute wiil hold morning and afternoon sessions Monday through Priday. THE REGISTRATION of par¬ ticipants Includes educators, so¬ cial workers, probation officers, police training officers and re¬ ligious Workers from cities and towns throughout Oblo. Leciding authorities in the field of human relations will make preaentations and lead discus¬ sions on theory and practice, methods and skills anij commun¬ ity resources for better human relations. At the opening morning session on Monday, Dr. Earl Kalp, di¬ rector of the midwest office of the National (Conference of CSiristlans and Jews will present an overview of the critical human relations issues, of today. MONDAY AFTERNOON Dr. Allan Griffin, professor of educa¬ tion at Ohio State, Dr. Ralph Patterson, chairman and medical director of the Psychiatric Insti¬ tute ot University Hoapltal and Dr. John Cuber, Professor of sociology and anthropology, will discuss the contributions of scir.i- tlflc disciplines to human rela¬ tions. Tuesday morning, Hans Adler, director of the program division of the midwest—Chicago regional office of ADL, will discuss the ways and means a community copes with its human relations problems. Adler wiil draw upon his intimate knowledge and ex¬ tensive professional experience In working with community prob¬ lems. TUESDAY AFTERNOON, George Borelli, a staff psycholo¬ gist at the (Coiupibus State Hos¬ pital, will lead a theory and dem¬ onstration session on .role-playing, an important tool In human rela¬ tions work. Wednesday's sessions will be devoted to the effective use of audio-visual aids, pubiictions and printed materials. Dr. Hazel Gib- boney and others from the Ohio State faculty will apeak and lead demonstrations. Rev. John M. Wilson, director of the Ohio council of churches, will moderate a panel of directors of professional human relations agencies on Thursday. The panel will discuss and answer questions concerning their goais, programs and problems. PARTICIPATING ON this panel will be Seymour Gorchoff, director of the regional ADL office; Matt Thomson, of the American Friends Service (Com¬ mittee; Frank Fager, of the To¬ ledo Board of (Community Rela¬ tions; Barbee Durham, from the National Association for the Ad¬ vancement of (Colored People; George Moore, of the National (Conference of Christians and Jews and Andrew Freeman, of the Ur- (Oontlnued on page 4) JERUSALEM rJTA)—President and Mrs. Ben Zvi began a 12-day vacation this week, bringing to a standstill for that period the fu¬ tile effort of Premier-Designate David Ben Gurion to carry out the President's mandate to form a new Government. Mr. Ben Gurion was expected to maintain his leave of absence as Premier- Designate until next Monday or Tuesday. Mr. Ben Gurion was asked by the Preaident to form a new Government after he .resigned when he was unable to force out of his coalition Cabinet the four Ministers of the left-wing Mapam and Achdut Avodah who had voted against the recent sale of Israel-made arms to West Ger¬ many; HIS HOPEvS of forming a new coalition government until the November elections dashed by the refusal of other parties to co¬ operate, Mr. Ben Gurion was obliged to continue the present government with the participa¬ tion of the left-wing Ministers unless he decided to return the mandate to the President, which he was not expected to do. It was expected that when the President returns from his vaca¬ tion Mr. Ben Gurion will call on him to report that the present caretaker government will con¬ tinue until the elections. MR. BEN GURION pldced the blame for Israel's current govern¬ ment crisis on the proportional representation system which, he said, deprived n)embers of the Knesset, Israei Parliament, of any feeling of direct Vesponslbility to the voters. Now heading a shattered coali¬ tion caretaker regime and seeking support for a minority govern¬ ment to run the country until general elections Nov. 3 establish a new government basis, Mr. Ben Gurion told the election commit¬ tee of his Mapai Party that the election system must be changed to a regional, constituency system In which Knesset members would have direct and personal contact with their electors. Under the present system, he asserted, the elected deputies had no feeling of direct responsibility to the voters and the Knesset waa detached from the nation. ABBA S. EBAN, former Israel Ambaasador to the United States and a Parliamentary candidate on the Mapai slate, was warmly greeted when he appeared at tha meeting in an open-collar shirt Instead of hia customary formal attire. Mr. Ben Gurion Introduced him as "the greatest emissary of the Jewish people since the death of Dr. Welzmann." The former envoy's career on the political platform had been launched earlier In the day when he addressed a Mapai Party rally of middle-class settlers in south¬ ern Israel. He told them that Israel's sovereignty and existence were assured by virtue of the fact that the nations of the world shared the fear that any local outbreak might lead to world war and that, therefore, the status quo would be maintained in the Middle Eaat, Korea and Berlin. At a public meetihg Mr. Eban voiced a plea to end wrangling with world Jewry. He stressed that the current ideological con¬ troversy was both unrealistic and redundant. Speaking to an over¬ flow audience at his first appear¬ ance in Jerusalem since his return from his tour of duty in the U.S., Mr. Eban said there waa no fear that Jews in countries outside of Israei would neglect Israel. IMSlSlSlPlSlSElSllSlSlSlSISlSIMQlSlSiBlSlSIISSlSISlSSlSnSlBISBIiSMEB Chronicling The News Foreign film producers have discovered in recent years that Israel is a "gold mine." Turn to page 3. Don't be a slave. Summer time is the time to be lazy. There's more in David Schwartz's Panorama on page 2. Amusements 6 fimolar 2 Dayenu 8 Soelety 9 EkUtoriala 2 Sports 10, II Golden 5 Synagogues 8 Suez Action Delayed By Israel Cabinet JERUSALEM, (JTA) — The Israel Cabinet met Sunday under the chairmanship of Finance Minister Levi Eshkol, and de¬ cided to defer its planned com¬ plaint to the United Nations Se¬ curity Councii against Egypt's violations of free passage ot ships and cargo through the Suez (Canal. Premier David BenGurion, who was expected to resume chair¬ manship at the Cabinet meeting, did not attend the session. He was still on leave of absence from his premiership duties. His absence may account for the de¬ cision. There were also some reports here indicating that the (Cabinet had second thoughts on the effi¬ cacy of a move before the Se¬ curity Council, in view of the ad¬ vice to Israel by the Western Powers and the United Nations Secretariat to wait at least until direct contact Is established be¬ tween the Israel delegation to the United Nations and UN See retary General Dag Hammarsk¬ jold upon the latter's return to New York. 100,000 IRANIAN JEWS FLOURISH; OIAS IS BARRED NEW YORK (AJP)—"The hun¬ dred thousand - Iranians of the Jewish faith, residing in Teheran and other urban areas of the na¬ tion, represent a community in the wide Arab world which Is flourishing today under the Iran¬ ian (Constitution which makes any form of discrimination a crime against the State." This revelation was made before a group of leading Sephardlc and Oriental communal heads at the Plaza Hotel here last week by Iran's Jewish Member of Parlia¬ ment, H. E. Borad Aryeh, who Is visiting the United States, MORAD, WHO was being honored by Otzar Hatorah which maintains numerous Jewish schools In Iran and in other Arab states, was emphatic in stating that, under the kingship of H. I. M. Shah Mohamad Reza Pahlavl, the Jewish community of Iran along with other minorities enjoy all the rights and privileges of a true democracy. Hailing the' young Shah, Aryeh said that "under his lead¬ ership and by his guidance, the country has taken and Is taking great strides In the economic, social and political fields. This Is the clue," he added, "to the almost mystic devotion shown time and again by the Iranians in upholding their (Constitution and their Crown." STRESSING THE strong bonds existing between Iran and the Free World in general, Aryeh expressed his gratitude to four International Jewish organizations —Otzer Hatorah, the Joint, ORT and the Alliance—which, "by their philantroplc and generous en¬ deavors have greatly contributed towards the advancement ot the education of a large segment of our countryment, both Jew and non-Jew, and helped preserve the spiritual and moral values to which we are ao deeply attached." Dr. Mordecai Hacohen, execu¬ tive director of Otzar Hatorah, presented the President ot the movement, Isaac .Shalom, who introduced tbe guest from Iran.
|Title||Ohio Jewish Chronicle, 1959-07-24|
|Subject||Jews -- Ohio -- Periodicals|
|Place||Columbus (Ohio); Franklin County (Ohio)|
|Creator||Ohio Jewish Chronicle|
|Collection||Ohio Jewish Chronicle|
|Submitting Institution||Columbus Jewish Historical Society|
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