Ohio Jewish Chronicle, 1959-07-31, page 01
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i<iy.i 'jMo^^it'iH:,''^' ™;-™^-(^p.^»3Ty'.-rfwW??5ev»TriK,i7jiRftt^^ Tl COLUMBUS EDITION 2f\Q^ Serving Columbus. Dayton and Central Ohio Jewish Comrnur. COLUMBUS EDITION JV<^> VoL 37, No. 3! FRIDAY, JULY 31, 1959 D«vet«d to Amaricjin 4nd Jswith ld««li JEWS REPORTED NEARING PANIC UNDER RED RULE NBW YORK. (JTA) A con¬ dition of near panic among Soviet Jews has developed as a reault of the forcible closing of the Great Synagogue of Chernovltz in the tJkralne last month, the New York Herald Tribune re¬ ported. Citing "a reliable report," the newspaper said that news of the closing of the historic synagogue in a city in which Jews are more than half the population spread swiftly through Jewish centers of the tJkralne and European Russia. The news has created "something near panic among the Jews of the Soviet Union who re¬ gard It as an evU omen for their future," the newspaper stated. THE BBPOBT said that the Great Synagogue waa widely used until the sudden closing which 16d Rabbl A. Barnbolm to go to Mos¬ cow in June to plead with Soviet authorities against the move. Rabbi Barnbolm sought without success to obtain the help of the Chief Rabbl of Moscow, Yehuda Levin. The Soviet authorities sent the synagogue's Torah to two small huts used for Jewish pray¬ ers on the outskirts of Cherno¬ vltz. Synagogue officials were or¬ dered to tell visitors that the synagogue closing was the fault ot congregants who had used the synagogue for unspecified "non- religious and Illegal purposes," according to the report. Th? re¬ port also asserted that the Soviets have been Imposing bans on pri¬ vate prayer meetings, THE RJEPOBT confirmed earl¬ ier discloflures that the baking of matzoh was forbidden before the 19B9 Passover In Kiev, Kharkov, Kuibyshev, Rostov, K 1 s h n e v, Odessa and Lvov In the Ukraine and In European Russia. It also mentioned the denial by first Soviet Deptuy Premier Frol R. Koslov — during his recent United States visit — of such anti- Jewish actions and his statement that he had personally given per¬ mission to a rabbi of Leningrad to bake matzoh. The report In¬ dicated this statement to be an indirect verification of the anti- Jewish acts on the ground that there would otherwise be no need for a rabbi in the Soviet Union to have to ask a deputy Prime Minister for such permission. Top-Level Talks On Suez Set As Leaders Return Israel Mourns Death Of Cliief Rabbi Herzog Christmas Seal Contest Underway Mrs. Victor B. Kelrns, 4200 Johnstown Bd., OaJmnna (left) and Lyn Fishman, 63 8. Ca«sady Ave., are shown trying their skill at designing the nationai Christmas seal for 1061. The winner of the local design competition will receive a $200 scholar¬ ship for one semester to the Columbus Art School, or $100 cosh. The runnerg-ttp will receive $50 evening school scholarships and family memberships to the Columbus Gallery of Fine Arts. At stake nationally is the NationaJ Tuberculosis Association's $600 award to the top designer. The local contest deadline is Sept. B. Those interested in entering the contest should contact the local TB society or caU CA. 8^704. Chronicling The News Jordan seems to think It's time to absorb the Arab refugeea rather than use them aa pawns against Israel. Read Boris Smolar on page 2. David Schwartz, in Panorama, says he would have liked to have met some of the old Pilgrims. His musings while on vacation in Plymouth are on page 2. Society 9 Sports 6, 7 Amusements i, 10 Dayenu 2 Editorials 2 Oolden , 5 Synagogues . Travel TaU( STUDY LAUNCHED MILWAUKEE, (JTA) — Paced with a rapidly changing com¬ munity and changing welfare needs, the Milwaukee Jewish Wel¬ fare Fund and the Jewish Family and Children Service have begun a study of Milwaukee's Jewlah casework needs. PASSES MARK LOS ANGELES, (JTA) — Con¬ tributions to the current Los An¬ geles United Jewish Welfare Fund have reached $6,109,712, nearly $750,000 more than was recorded at this stage of last year's campaign, Mr. Max W. Bay, gen¬ eral chairman, reported this week. JERUSALEM (JTA) Chief Rabbi Isaac Halevi Herzog, who died peacefully In his sleop Satur¬ day, was buried Stmflfty in tho Sanhedria cemetery as ail Israel mourned his passing in one of the most solemn rites ever held in the Holy City. The regular Sunday meeting of the Cabinet was recessed and all members of the Government joined with yeshiva atudents, kib¬ butz members and men and wo¬ men from all the fighting serv¬ ices among ' the thoiisand.s who lined the route of the funeral procession for Israel's Ashkona- zie Chief Rabbi. BABBI HBBZOO, who waa 71, died after a remarkable recovery from sclerosis attack last Pass¬ over. He had served Israel and world Jewry as a spiritual leader for nearly a quarter of a century. He had assumed the post of Chief Rabbi after the death of Chief Rabbi Abraham Kook. Also attending the funeral were judges of the Supreme Court, labor leaders, workers and pro¬ fessionals who paid homage to tho beloved spiritual leader. Prime Minister David Ben Gurion, who was absent from Jerusalem, sent a message of condolence to the family in which he aaid their mourning and sorrow was the mourning and sorrow "of all Israel," ADDRESSING the widow, the Prime Minister declared: "May you be consoled by the great and faithful service being performed by your two most capable and talented sons who I hope will continue to serve the State of Israel for many years." He was referring to Brig. Halm Herzog, commander of the Negev defenses and former military at¬ tache in Washington, who recited the Kaddish, and Yaacov Herzog, Israel Mtnister to Washington, who was unable to attend the funeral because it would have required his traveling on the Sab¬ bath. He will sit shivah in Wash¬ ington. ALL (JOVEBNMENT buildings and institutions, and offices of foreign missions, the United Na¬ tions and embassies and consul¬ ates placed their flags at half- mast for a week of mourning. Tributes to the late Chief Rabbl poured in from all parts of the world. Preaident Ben Zvi said In an official statement tor the Is¬ rael Government that the loss was that of tho entire Israel Jewry. News of the Chief Rabbi's pass¬ ing was withheld by the larael Radio at the request of the fam¬ ily, partly not to violate the Sab¬ bath and partly not to impair the joy of the day of rest for Israel's Jewry. However, the news reached Jerusalem aynagogues before the Mussaf prayers. Soon Jerusalem leaders from all walks of life— secular, religious and ultra-ortho¬ dox—began the trek to the Chief Rabbi's home to file past the tallia-clad body while rabbis and seminary students fnaintained the death vigil. BORN IN LOMZA, Poland, Rabbi Herzog demonstrated his intellectual gifts when at the age of nine he began mastering en¬ tire tractates of the Talmud. His father. Rabbi Joel Herzog, brought his son to Leeds when the father accepted'a rabbinical post there. The young scholar entered Lon¬ don University and earned one degree after another, including a doctorate of philosophy and de¬ grees in law, clasalca, the humani¬ ties, sociology, literature and Oriental languages. Later, in Paris, where his father served as a rabbi, the youth decided to be¬ come an archaeologist and stud¬ ied at the Sorbonne, with post¬ graduate atudies in France. However, when he was 22, he was given ordination by the Rabbi of Salad, thus beginning his rab¬ binical career. As a rabbl in Bel¬ fast in 19)5, he aoon earned recog¬ nition and became Chief Rabbi of Ireland. He asaumed the Chief Rabbinate of Jerusalem In 1936. Tel Aviv Is Bustling, Crowded City After 50 Years BY ELIEZBB WHABTMAN Oowded Into a busy Tenth Anniversary year, another Im¬ portant date almost went by un¬ noticed: a bustling, frenetic Tel Aviv became 50 years old last March. For a quintegenarian, she's a remarkably lively lady. Bursting at the seams, Tel Aviv Is spilling out nolsly In all directions. No¬ body seems to recognize her any more - you can now even get lost In the city. YOU CAN praise her - as the Eastern European settlers do, or damn her, as most Anglo-Saxon settlers do, but one thing Is cer¬ tain: you can't ignore her. She's the financial heart ot the country, the center of the nation's light Industry, the hub of the arts, the cultural touchstone, the tour¬ ist's happy hunting ground, the mecca ot organized labor, and the basking, sprawling, wicked, overcrowded, seamy, delightful, hysterical heart of the country. Some call her the Paris of tha Mediterranean; others, less kind, dub her Coney Island with palms. Home of the financier and the common laborer, the wealthy speculator and the new oleh, the giant enterprise and the cobbler's comer, Tel Aviv Is home to well over 4000 souls, or one out of every five residents of Israel. A METROPOUB of almoat half a million Jews was certainly never envisioned by the little band of sixty starry-eyed families who gathered in a small knot on the barren seashore north of Jaf¬ fa 50 years ago to found Pales¬ tine's first Jewish community. Fed up with the filthy suks (mar¬ ketplaces) and slums of Jaffa, tired of the cultural domination of Arab and Turk, longing for a chance for aelf expression, they gave the name Tel Aviv (Hill of Spring) - the Hebrew version of Herzl's Utopia, "Altneuland", - to the windy sandy dunes which were to become the site of the world's first Hebrew city. In a burst of enthusiasm, Meir Dlzengoff, who was the first mayor, told the group that the city might some day grow to 40,000, but this was dismissed as a pipe dream- Since that fateful day Tel Aviv has mushroomed. Unfortunately, like Topsy, It "just growed." The early founders, anticipating a quiet garden type of community laid out narrow, twisting streets that lead nowhere. Elegant curves were put Into some of the main thoroughfares by Founding Fathers who probably meant well when they insisted on a maximum width of 60 feet for some of the larger streets "to prevent the Tel-Aviv citizens enjoy themselves at a sidewalk cafe. reckless speeding of motor-pro¬ pelled vehicles ..." TODAY TEL, AVIV Is one of the most cluttered, disorderly ar¬ ranged cities In the world, with traffic and pedestrians piling up on top of each other In cul de sacs and narrow dead end lanes. Some¬ one has compared the town to a "six inch pipe operating under a 60 Inch pressure." That pressure becomes almost unbearable In aummer but not so for the tourist. (Sheltered from the addenlng throng one tourist recently asked "Where is the Jew¬ ish quarter?") He can sit on his shaded terrace, sip a julep and watch the throngs of Europeans, Yemenites, Moroccans, Iraqis, Anglo-Saxons (there are a few who haven't yet escaped from Tel Aviv) stream past. At night he can take in a con¬ cert by the Israel Philharmonic at the air conditioned Mann Au¬ ditorium or hear La Travlata sung by the Israel Opera Com¬ pany in Hebrew. His tourist of¬ fice can secure a ticket for him for one of the four or five thea¬ trical troupes which made their home in tho city. THERE ARE A few exotic night cluba he can tour, but he'll probably get his greatest kick mingling with the crowds on farnoua Dlzengoff St., a curioua combination of Broadway and Madison Avoa. where half the city's population ait in outdoor cafea in the cool evenings, chat¬ ting, sipping expresao coffee and literally watching the world go by. If his taste runs to the bizarre, he can wander down to the sea¬ shore where along the boardwalk he can buy himself some falafal, listen to some juke box music in one oi the many cheap Oriental cafes which combine rock 'n roll with Arab love songs, or look out at the sea, gently rustling strings of lighted freighters and fishing smacks riding In the open road¬ stead a few hundred yards off the Jaffa and Tei Aviv ports. Several years ago, Tel Aviv con¬ cluded the enjj^irciement of Jaffa by Incorporating her within the (Continued on paff« 4) Four Possible Courses Of Action To Be Considered JERUSALEM (JTA)—Top-level talks to determine an Israel Gov¬ ernment line of action on the United Arab Republic bloclfade of the Suez Canal to Israel shipping were due this week with the re¬ turn of Prime Minister David Ben Gurion from his vacation and Foreign Ministers Mrs. Golda Meir back from her Latin Amer¬ ican tour. Informed sources said there were four possible courses of action: First, §ji appeal to the United Nations Security Council on the detention by the UAR of the Danish ship Inge Toft, with Its Israel cargo, at Port Said since May 21; second, raising the entire issue of the Suez Canal blockade at the next UN General Assem¬ bly; third, continuation ot the "quiet diplomacy" reportedly urg¬ ed on Israel by the major Western Powers, and fourth, some Other action within or outside the UN. IN AUBXANDRIA. President Nasser of the UAR Sunday de¬ livered the most threatening speech against Israel. He said he wanted a decisive battle with Israel and "this time we will ex¬ terminate Israel." He described Israel as "a crime established- In the midst of the Arab nations by treachery and imperialism" and said that the Suez Canal beionga to Egypt. "Israel will not be able to Impose Its will upon us," he asserted. Several developments were cited as making a prompt Israel de¬ cision imperative. One was that the World Bank has already pre¬ pared plans for granting a loan of several million dollars to the UAR for widening the Canal. Eugene Black, World Bank presi¬ dent, reportedly with strong sup¬ port from the U. S. State Depart¬ ment, was known to be pressing for quick approval of the loan and it may come up.for a vote at a meeting of the World Bank's board of directors in September. AN ISRAEL appeal to the Se¬ curity Council would focus atten¬ tion on the UAR's violation of Security Council rulings requiring free passage for all peaceful ships through the Canal, and would presumably make more difficult the World Bank loan, particularly if Israel managed to obtain sup¬ port of American public opinion for its position. Ag a factor in favor of continua¬ tion of the "quiet diplomacy" ap¬ proach. Western nations report¬ edly have been telling Israel that this would bring more "conces¬ sions" from President Nasser of the UAR to ease the "conditions" he presented to United Nations Secretary General Dag Ham¬ marskjold when the two held eon- versatlons recently in Cairo- iMlgnSMSlSlSlSlSlSlSlSISlSlSlSISlSiaMElS) Caretaker Regime Formally Instituted JERUSALEM (JTA) — Is¬ rael's governmentail crisis was technically ended this week when Premier-designate Da¬ vid Ben Gurion informed President Itzhak Ben Zvi that he could not form a new gov¬ ernment and was Instructed to remain at the head of a caretaker regime composed of the four-party coalition whose break-up earlier In the month created the crlsis- The caretaker government will serve until the results ot Israel's gen?r4l elections Nov. 3 permit Preaident Ben Zvi to Invite the head ot the leading party lo the elections to seek to form a new governinent.
|Title||Ohio Jewish Chronicle, 1959-07-31|
|Subject||Jews -- Ohio -- Periodicals|
|Place||Columbus (Ohio); Franklin County (Ohio)|
|Creator||Ohio Jewish Chronicle|
|Collection||Ohio Jewish Chronicle|
|Submitting Institution||Columbus Jewish Historical Society|
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