Ohio Jewish Chronicle, 1961-07-28, page 01
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COLUMBUS EDITION Vol. 39, No. 30 FRIDAY. JULY 28, 1961 NirTE BCtitoUia^^ttUSEUW 2J\Q^ Serving Columbus, Dayton/central and Southwestern ^'^^^'jaH^sT^ 0 CKf^ COLUMBUS EDITION 39 D«vot«d to American and Jflwith Idaalt Eichmann Completes His Testimony; Court Plans Recess For A Week JERUSALEM, (JTA)—Adolf Eichmann, who is charged with directing the Nazi annihilation ot 6,000,000 Jews in Europe, finished testifying on his own behalf nt his trial here. He has been on the witness stand for 25 days in thc .same glass-enclosed, bulletproof cubicle where he has been sitting snce the trial started on April 11. "You have now completed your testimony." Presiding Justice Moshe Landau told Eichmann after questioning him briefly. Defense lawyer Dr. Robert Servatius, then went Into the next stage, which consisted of reading depositions sworn in German and Austrian courts by defense witnesses who would not come to larael to testi¬ fy. All of these witnesses, former Gestapo men, feared arrest in Israel if they were to come here in person. Upon tho completion of reading the depositions, the court is expected to take a week's re¬ cess. THROUGHOUT the reading ot the depositions. Dr. Servatius tried, in each instance, to pick and choose from the sworn testi¬ mony those passages which he deemed favorable to the defense. However, Attorney Oeneral Gide¬ on Hausner immediately brought other portions of the same depo¬ sitions into the court records, often coming up with testimony from thc ex-Nazis harmful to Eichmann. One of Adolf Eichmann's own defense witnesses, Prof. Franz Syx, a former SS officer in Nazi- occupied Russia, testified through a deposition read in court that Eichmann was not merely a sub¬ ordinate of Gestapo Chief Hein¬ rich Mueller but that his depart¬ ment had more jurisdiction than other departments. Prof. Syx pic¬ tured Eichmann as a man who did not aiwaya have to take orders from superior officers. PROFESSOR SYX said that Eichmann always acted in such a way as to interpret anti-Semitic doctrine in the most extreme manner. According to Syx, he avoided going to Eichmann when¬ ever "I wanted to do a favor to a Jew on an individual level." "I never went to EMchmann, but to his superiors, because he was an exponent of the severest meas¬ ures." Another of the former SS offi¬ cers. Max Mcrteh, who had been the Nazi military commander in Macedonia, Greece, told the Ger¬ man court vsrhich interrogated him that, acting on legal advice, he would not incriroinate anyone. But when Dr. Servatius went over to the deposition sworn by Her¬ mann Krumcy, former commander of the Lodz ghetto, and an aide to Eichmann, the prosecutor de¬ manded that either all of Krum- ey's affidavit be brought Into the record, or none. DR. SERVATIUS tried to bring in only that part of the Krumey deposition which sought to white¬ wash Eichmann. But Hausner In¬ sisted on releasing Into the record other parts of the Krumey depo¬ sition which made It clear that Krumey had to refer to Eich¬ mann's department all matters that had to do with deportation of Jews and messages dealing with the children of the C^cho- slovaklan town of Lidice. Throughout much of the testi¬ mony by the ex-Nazis, It was shown that the true meaning of the "final solution" of the Jewish problem—complete annihilation— was known only to a limited num¬ ber of Nazi officers. But It was also shown that Btchtnann was among that limited numher. PERHAPS THE MOST damag¬ ing testimony of the day, however, came l>efore the depositions had been read. That happened when Justice Landau questioned Eich¬ mann. Asking his questions In Hebrew, then translating himself into German, Justice Landau tied Eichmann down to an admission that he falsified the official rec¬ ords of the conference .held In 1942, at Wannsee, Berlin suburb, where the details of "the final solution" were worked out by Nazi leaders. Eichmann tried to answer Jus¬ tice Landau's questions In a ram¬ bling manner, but the presiding Judge forced him to reply with straight answers. The Judge brought out that, while stenogra¬ phers had taken the minutes of the Wannsee session, It was Eich¬ mann who prepared the formal reports on that parley. Eichmann finally admitted that he had left out In the final report mention of the fact that "the means of extermination" of Jews was discussed at Wannsee. He claimed he deleted the record In that manner on order of Retn- hardt Heydrlch, chief of the Nazi security police. Senate Weakens Foreign Aid Clause Against Arab Blockade WASHINGTON, (JTA)—Chair¬ man J. W. Ful'jright, of the Sen¬ ate Foreign Relations Commiittee, waged a bitter last-ditch fight against a foreign aid clause per¬ taining to Arab bias and block¬ ade tactics, and succeeded in adding language to nullify the effect of the anti-discrimination measure. The Senate committee defeated by a vote of eight to six a last- minute move by Senator Ful¬ bright, Senator Bourke Hlcken- looper, Iowa Republican, and oth- j ers to delete the so-called "Ken- ¦ nedy clause." The clause was a policy statement aimed at the Arab League's anti-Israel and I anti-Jewish discriminations. A ' motion to strike the clause was introduced by Senator Hlcken- looper and vigorously backed by the chairman. After the Hickenlooper motion was defeated, the chairman won adoption of an offsetting para¬ graph to nullify the effect of the American Nazi Party To Be Investigated WASHINGTON, (JTA) — The Justice Department is investigat¬ ing George Rockwell and his American Nazi Party with a view to possible criminal prosecution, the Justice Department has in¬ formed Rep. Seymour Halpern, New York- Republican. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, in response to a request by Rep. Halpern, referred the matter to the Justice Depart¬ ment's Internal Security Division. J. Walter Yeagley, Assistant Attorney General, revealed that despite continued doubt about the wisdom of listing the Nazis as subversive under Executive Order 10450, "the activities of Rockwell regarding posible crimi¬ nal prosecution have been and are the subject of continuing in¬ quiry by this Department." Yeag¬ ley said: "While the information current¬ ly available is insufficient to war¬ rant criminal prosecution of Rock¬ well under Federal criminal stat¬ utes within the jurisdiction of this Department, you may be assured that should our Inquiry develop evidence legally sufficient to es¬ tablish such a violation it wiil be acted upon with diligence and vigor. Meanwhile I assume that local authorities will take prose¬ cutive action against the members of the organization as has been done in the past when their ac¬ tivities involve violations of local law such as dlsorderjy conduct or breach of the peace." Rep. Halpern had raised a ques¬ tion of placing the Nazis on the Attorney General's list of sub¬ versive groups. Rep. Halpern viewed the Nazi agitation as clearly subversive and un-Ameri¬ can. Yeagley said the matter of designating the Nazis as sub¬ versive had been studied but "no proceedings looking toward such a designation have been initiated since, apart from the legal prob¬ lems involved, serious questions have arisen both as to the wisdom and tile effectiveness of such a course of action." The Assistant Attorney General pointed out that the "purpose of designation is to alert Govern¬ ment hiring officials to the fact that stated groups have a sub¬ versive character. The designation of the American Nazi party under this program would not bar the continuation of its aotlvitles and those of its leader, George Lincoln Rockwell, nor would such a desig¬ nation Involve the imposition of any sanctions. In addition, some doubt has been expressed as to the advisability of giving such an organization the extensive pub¬ licity likely to flow from the prolonged hearing that would necessarily result from Invoking the designation procedures." "Kennedy clause." It was passed by 14 to 0. The nullifying para¬ graph said: "These principles shall be supported in such a way as to avoid taking sides in any controversy between countries having friendly relations with the United States, while urging both sides to adjudicate the Issues In¬ volved by means of procedures available to the parties." Senator Fulbright said he op¬ posed using the foreign aid bill as "a club" to force Arab states to change their policies. He said the bill should avoid taking sided In such "controversies" as those af¬ fecting Israel and the Arabs. Other committee Doembers dis¬ agreed, pointing out that the Arab bigotry affected American citizens of Jewish faith, and th a t the United States should withhold aid from nations discriminating against our citizens. The wording, submitted by President Kennedy, tbat Sen. Ful¬ bright and his faatlon opposed, was actually weaker than last year's Douglas^Keatlng amend¬ ment. The neiw clause merely is part of a preamble supporting "freedom of navigation In Inter¬ national waterways, and recogni¬ tion of the right of all private persons to travel aja.d pursue their lawful activities without discrimd- nation aa to race or religion." Rep. Seymour Halpem, New York Republican, announced that he would fight In the House against the Fulbright amendment because It "seeks to nullify the already watered-down antl-dls¬ crlmlnatlon clause" In the new Mutual Security Act and Is "a further retreat from previous ex¬ pressions by Congress against discriminatory Arab tactics." Rep: Halpern said Senator Ful- brlght's wording calling for "the avoidance of taking sides" actu¬ ally "obscured the whole Issue beoause we have too long delayed taking sides between right and wrong not only In the Suez Canal blockade Issue but aUo In de¬ fense of the basic rights of our own citizens and shipping sub¬ jected to Arab prejudice." JWB WOMENS GROUP ADO NEW SERVICES FOR VET PATIENTS JWB Women's Service Ctommit- tee has added another facet to Its ever-widening program of service for the hospitalized vet- 1 eren. Sdnce the opening of the |9-hole golf course at the VA Hos¬ pital In Chiiiicothe, members of the participating organizations have expressed a desire to have a match there with some of the men. This past week Mesdames Al¬ bert Blank, Irvin Brenner, Mar¬ tin Davidorf, David Paine and Ben Zuckerman went to the hos¬ pital for a match. Because of rain the game couldn't be completed so the group went to the club house for card games. Following the games, the women served their home-made cookies and lemonade. Mrs. Albert Blank made the ar¬ rangements for this program. ON AUGUST 16, the Women's Service Committee will go to the hospital for Its annual water¬ melon party. After the repast, a patio dance will be held with music furnished by the hospital orchestra Mrs. Munroe Pales¬ trant Is making arrangements for this affair. On Thursday July 27, Tifereth Israel Sisterhood entertained at the hospital with a card party and dance. This was the Sisterhood's second party of the season and was planned by Mrs. Sam Lavine, veterans' chairman. TIFERETH ISKAEL SISTER¬ HOOD is one of the participating organizations in JWB Women's service committee. It contributes funds as well as woman-power for the committee's year-round program. So many mem.bers of the Sisterhood have become in¬ terested in the hospital program of visiting these men that they have been able to schedule two or three additional parties through¬ out the year. Another participating group that has been actively engaged Ln giving parties at he hospital has been the sisterhood of Temple Israel. The oonunlttee, under the chairmanship of Mrs. Marvin Frank, has done an outstadlng job with Its hospital dances. Mes¬ dames Jerry Office and George Unger serve as Mrs. Frank's co- chairmen. HONOR COLUMBUS CHAPTER In a nationwide membership drive among the City of Hope National Medical Center's 405 auxiliaries, tiie Cohimbiis chapter was one of three enrolling thf largest number of new, active members during the four-month campaign. Chapter president, Mrs. Jack Butterfield, 1048 Chelsea, Bexley, accepts the award from Louis Tabak, City of Hope president. Gallery Musical At Center Sat. - Sun. Swimming in the Jewish C!enter outdoor pool and dancing on the outdoor patio will follow the performances of "Bits & Pieces," the musical revue being presented by the Gallery Players In the alr- condltloned Jewish CJenter Auditorium Saturday and Sunday evenings, July 29 and 30. Thc Saturday curtain Is at 8:40 p.m. and the Sunday curtain is 9 p.ra. Choreography for thc dance numbers of "Bits & Pieces" is being done by Rick Norris who will also dance with Blossom Zitron to "If Ever I Should Leave You," the Lowe-Lerner hit tune, which wiil be sung by Julie Vogel. CHORAL LEADER Is Alvin Beck. Besides directing the chorus of 20 voices. Beck will appear in a barber shop medley as a mem¬ ber of the "College City Four." He also sings in "Fugue for a Tin Horn." Vocal director Abe Green also appears as a member of the bar¬ ber shop quartet and In the fugue. He will also be seen In a couple of comedy sketches with Elddie Kaye, who is doing the staging for "Bits & Pieces." Among the comedy sketch play¬ ers are Fran Flamhoiz, Jim Klass, Nat Guttman, Thelma "Boots" Nutis, Muriel Gundershelmer, Charles Swerdlow and Marv Bono¬ witz. Bonowitz will also do a song and dance number with Jean Mar¬ tinez. MISS MARTINEZ, who recently appeared in the Gallery Players production of "The Cold Wind and the Warm," will appear with the dance group in other numbers. Dancers Include Pamela Scott, Deanna Ely, Edward Treadwell, Fred Strlekler, Penny Smyser and Marge Copeland. Special vocals will be sung by Shelly Sokol and Jack Ross and Martha Bristol and Sanford Jo¬ seph will be heard In a duet, "My Hero," from "The Chocolate Sol¬ dier." OPENING THE SHOW will be an original number by Doris Lu¬ bin. Lighting for the summer musi¬ cal will be handled by Warren Baltimore and Mason Burgess. The sound engineer Is Virgil Gin assisted by Steve Pollack and Rick Elsenstein. PRODUOnON STAGE manag¬ er is Joseph Altman and Rosalyn Greenberg is stage manager. Heading the property department is Bebe Springer. The box Office staff will be headed by Rosa Ker¬ stein and ticket takers are Henry Grlnsfelder and Laddie Finke. For reservations to "Bits cSc Pieces" and the swimming and dancing to follow, the public Is invited to phone the Jewish Cen¬ ter, BE. 1-2731. DON'T MISS OUT Greet your frieniiR and relatives in the Chronicle's special New Year's eiiition. For complete New Year greeting information see page 4. Deadline for greet¬ ings to reach our office is Aug. 2. TORAH ACADEMY TO HOLD SCHOLARSHIP DINNER AT DESHLER On Sunday, Oct. 29, at 6 p.m., the (3oJumbus Torah Academy will hold its first scholarship dinner. The Desh¬ ler Hilton Grand Ballroom will be the scene of this gala semi-formal affair. According to the Board of the Torah Academy, it has a three-fold purpose in plan¬ ning this scholarship dinner. First, it will enable the mem¬ bers of the community to pay homage to Harry Gilbert, the president and founder of the Torah Academy, who will be honored that evening for his devoted work for this amohg many Jewish causes. Second¬ ly, It will provide an oppor¬ tunity to make known to the total Jewish community the accomplishments of this young and flourishing educational enterprise. Finally, it will pro¬ vide an evening of enjoyment presented by a well known figure in the entertainment world. Gold and silver donor Uqk- ets are at present being dis¬ tributed to members of the dinner committee. C^ommittees to plan and execute the affair are In the process of forma¬ tion. Chairmen of the evening are Richard Solove and Pear¬ son Press. They Invite all members of the Jewish com¬ munity to reserve Oct. 29 as a most significant date on their tall calendars.
|Title||Ohio Jewish Chronicle, 1961-07-28|
|Subject||Jews -- Ohio -- Periodicals|
|Place||Columbus (Ohio); Franklin County (Ohio)|
|Creator||Ohio Jewish Chronicle|
|Collection||Ohio Jewish Chronicle|
|Submitting Institution||Columbus Jewish Historical Society|
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