Ohio Jewish Chronicle, 1961-08-25, page 01
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COLUMBUS EDITION Niri E COLUMBUS EDITION HIS>1 ^ .¦ I ¦ ll:i I M H nni'.r.-i ". j .^i >'.. .I'-l \t Vol. 39, No. 34 FRIDAY, AUGUST 25, 1961 ^-^39 t'r„3"j',:?.(fTd':L*ir" World Jewish Congress Reviews The Situation Of Jews Internationally GENEVA, (JTA) — The situ¬ ation of the Jews in varioua parts of the world was reviewed here by Dr. Nahum Goidmann, presi¬ dent of the World Jewish Con¬ gress, at the opening session ot the four-day conference . of the WJC executive board, which is attended by more than 100 Jewish leaders from numerous countries. The conference will be conablned with celebratilons marking the 25th anniversary of the World Jewish Congress. In reviewing the international situation. Dr. Goidmann said that the Jewish people have no inten¬ tion ot taking a position in the cold war. However, he said, they must insist on the right of Jews not only to the equality of citizen¬ ship but also on the right of ex¬ isting as a distinct Jewish group in all countries of the world, whatever the social and political regime there may be. He was es¬ pecially referring to the situation of Soviet Jewry. Touching on the situation of the Jews in North Africa, Dr. Goid¬ mann said that the promises of the leaders of Morocco and Tun¬ isia to recognize the Jews there as citizens has been kept, al- thoufhsome discrimination has occurred. The main problem, he said, was that freedom of emi¬ gration waa practically denied to Jews In Morocco. Dr. Goidmann denied reports that Jewish organizations have contacted Algerian rebel leaders. He emphasized that no plans exist for any such direct contact. Re¬ viewing the position taken by the rebel leaders on the future status of Algerian Jewry in an independ¬ ent Algeria, he expressed the hope that they would adopt toward the Algerian Jews for themselves what status they would like to have." The conference was presented with a report prepared by the WJC political department on the present situation of the Jews in the Soviet Union. The report said that thc situation "remains acute and difficult." It noted that some progress has been made recently in the field of Jewish culture, but stressed that "there is a painful absence of any Improvement" in the general conditions under which the Jews live in the Soviet Union. The report emphasized that there are "serious shortages of prayerbooks and ritual objects, "and that the most Important Is¬ sue as far as Russian Jewry Is concerned was "their enforced separation from their brethren abroad"—from their relatives and friends in Israel and In other countries. Another section of the report dealt with the situation of the Jews in Cuba under the Castro regime. "Careful scrutiny," the re¬ port said, "has not been able to uncover any anti-Semitism what¬ ever in Cuba. On the contrary, we are satisfied that the regime in power is determined to sup¬ press any form ot racial discrim¬ ination." However, the report noted In regard to Cuba, the social and economic changes In that country "have resulted In a complete transformation of the economic foundation upon which the Jewish community rests. As a result, it is no longer possible (or them to maintain their institutions and services which had formerly been financed by members of the com¬ munity. A large production of Cuban Jewry, once totaling about 10,000, haa left the Island." The report disagreed sharply with the policies of Interpol—the International Police Organization —which was accused of "Inaction" In efforts to apprehend former Nazis now hiding in various coun¬ tries around the world. Interpol's "negative effort," the report de¬ clared, "has hampered the efforts of the West German Government toward bringing to trial those Nazis believed hiding In other countries. Interpol's Inaction has given the Nazis still at large an unexpected sense of safety and, in turn, may encourage them to make contracts with other Nazis and continue their abominable activities." The report pointed out that Interpol's "failure to act on Nazi criminals is based on a constitut¬ ional prohibition against the or¬ ganization's Intervention in mat¬ ters having a military, political or religious character." The rap¬ porteurs, however, Insisted that "the murder of 6,000,000 Jews by Nazi war criminals can not pos¬ sibly fall within the scope of such a limitation on Interpol's func¬ tion." The report urged strongly that Interpol review its policy in this respect and "assist thc search for Nazi war criminals still at large." Samuel Bronfman, chairman ot the North American executive of the Word Jewish Congress, ad¬ dressed the delegates, praising "the younger leaders of American Jewry." Pointing out that North American Jewry now is "the lar¬ gest and potentially the most in¬ fluential in the history of our people," Bronfman declared that "history charges us with the high, sacred duty, commensurate with our size and vigor. North Ameri¬ can Jewry, he stated, must "mar¬ shal its forces in close cooperation with many other countries, which can best be done through the net¬ work of a stronger World Jewish Congress." "The size of our delegation," he added, "indicates there is this growing Interest among the Jews of the United States and Canada in the work of our organization. It means that there is an increas¬ ing relizatlon on their part that, through the World Jewish Con¬ gress, they can take action before misunderstandings become prob¬ lems and often become dangerous situations. And they realize just as well that It trouble can be re¬ cognized in time, if preventive action can be taken by the World Jewish Congress to safeguard Jewish rights wherever they are threatened, then they can con¬ centrate on the progress ot their own respective community activit¬ ies." SCENES OF WJC IN ALGERIA The World Jewish Congress otfice in Algeria ia actively f^ngngcd in sponsoring a cultural pro¬ gram for Jewish commimltles throughout Al¬ geria In cooperation with local community or¬ ganizations, the Worid Jewish Congress arranges lectures, conferences and exhibits of Jewish arts and publications as shown at bottom left. Picture at top left shews a meeting of thc EJxecutive of the World Jewish Congress' Algerian affiliate, the Federation ot Jowish Communities of Algeria. Building at right is the Yeshiva in Algiers Rep. Halpern Makes Strong Plea For Anti-Bias Clause Beth Jacob Sponsors R. E. W. Programs For thc third consecutive year, the Beth Jacob Synagogue will sponsor a week of intensive learn¬ ing and religious education be¬ tween Rosh Hashdnah and Yom Kippur. R.E.W. this year will be¬ gin with the opening session on Wednesday, Sept. 13 at 8:30 p.m. MILTON SIEGEL 6ETS AZA DISTINGUISHED ALUMNUS AWARD STARLIGHT, PA. — Milton P. Siegel, Assistant Director General ot the World Health Organization, was presented recently with the "Sam Beber Distinguished Alum¬ nus Award" of Aleph Zadik Aleph, teen-age boys' division of the B'nai B'rith Youth Organization. Presentation of the award was made at the B'nai B'rith Youth Organization's 4th annual Leader¬ ship Training Conference. The 49-year-old Iowa born Siegel haa been Assistant Director General of the World Health Or¬ ganization since 1947. The organization's "Distinguish¬ ed Alumnus Award" is given an¬ nually to an outstanding former member who has made notable contributions to the betterment of humanity. It Is named for Sam Beber ot Park Forest, 111., founder of B'nai B'rith youth work. Previous award recipients have been: former B'nai B'rith presi¬ dent and now U.N. representative Philip M. Klutznick; economist Leo M. Cherne; Los Angeles Jew¬ ish Federation director Julius BIsno; the late Samuel D. Grsho- vltz, former vice-president ot the National Jewish Welfare Board; criminologist and political scient¬ ist Dr. Joseph Lohman; B'nai B'rith president Label A. Katz; guided missile expert Dr. Simon Ramo; and the late Max N. Krol- off, former membership Director tor B'nai B'rith. A prayer breakfast session will be held on Thursday. Sept. 14 at 7 a.m. following thc morning Min¬ yon; a Sisterhood luncheon ses¬ sion at 12:30 p.m., and an evening -¦iession on the same day at 8:30 p.m. Friday, Sept. 14 will sec a pray¬ er breakfast session at 7 a.m. Sunday. Sept. 17 will begin with the Talis and Tiphilin CTub ses¬ sion at 8:30 a.m., and R.E.W. will close with an evening program at 8:30 p.m. As in past years, R.E.W. is designed to create in a concen¬ trated period of time a more meaningful understanding of the great religious Jewish heritage. "These are Days of Awe," a period ot soul searching and reflection, days ot prayer and atonement, and man should be made more aware of the noble teachings ot Judaism as he stands before his Creator," said Rabbi David Stav¬ sky. The theme this year is based upon the "Three Alephs (A's) of Judaism," Elaklm, G-d; Eish, man; Eisha, woman. Questions such as what is the Jewish concept of G-d? What Is meant "In His Image," and 'The Jewish attitude toward family planning." will be discussed during this week of in¬ tellectual fulfillment. As In past years, prominent guest lecturers and authorities In their respective fields will be visit¬ ing Columbus for R.E.W. Dr. Charles Young, President of the Beth Jacob Synagogue, has an¬ nounced that Mrs. Julius White win be chairman of this year's R.E.W. program. Working with her will be a committee consisting of Mr. and Mrs. Morris Welnstock, Mr. and Mrs. Alvln Shames. Mr. Nathan Lessem, Mrs. William Bless, Mr. Harold Tanenbaum, Mrs. Irving Gutter, Mrs. Arthur Miller, Mr. Joe Nichol, Mrs. Max Goodman, Mr. Julius Weintraub, Dr. and Mrs. Charles Young, Mr. Michael SIderman. The entire community Is invited to join in observing R.E.W. There will be no solicitations of funds. WASHINGTON, (JTA) — Rep. Seymour Halpern, New York Re¬ publican, warned Congress that unless a strong anti-bias clause was included in the Mutual Secur¬ ity bill now pending in C!ongress, the Arab states would Interpret its omission as a sign of weak¬ ness and intensify their discrim¬ inatory tactics against American citizens and their boycott and blockade of Israe!. The New Yorker spoke tn a House debate on the foreign aid meaaure, seeking adoption of a strong clause condemning discri¬ mination by aid recipients against American citizens because of their r&ce or religion and denouncing hostile measures against countries at peace with the United States. A strong clause along these lines had been written Into the bill by the House Foreign Affairs Committee after It heard evi¬ dence from Rep. Halpern on his exclusion from Saudi Arabia be¬ cause he was a Jew. Rep. Halpern said that the State Department requested aid from Congress and should heed the sense of Congress by withholding assistance trom nations that discriminate. He de¬ tailed Arab discrimination affect¬ ing himself and Arab tactics gen¬ erally that had led to the stronger wording for which he commended the House Forelgm Affairs (Com¬ mittee. He said that without regard to Administration or party. Congress should insist on the State Depart- Deadlines Changed For Bar Mitzvahs After serious consideration and ample discussion with a cross section of our readers, the Chronicle has decided up¬ on the following policy in re¬ gard to notices to the com¬ munity concerning bar mitz¬ vah celebrations. Hereafter pictures and copy submitted to the Ohronlcle will bo printed on the social page three weeks prior to the bar mltzvaii date. The story will then be repeated two is¬ sues before the event and a final notice win be listed in the Synagogue Section the Friday of the bar mitzvah. Therefore pictures and in¬ formation should be submit¬ ted to the Chronicle at least tlie fourth Friday before the bar mitzvah date. ment's Impllmentatlon of foreign aid programs in consonance with the expressed sense of (Congress. As the House continued debat¬ ing the foreign aid bill. Rep. Hal¬ pern again charged the State De¬ partment with "falling to do all it can to implement the anti-bias and freedom of the seas clauses that are part of the various fore¬ ign assistance acta." He pointed out that the State Department did not hesitate to ask Congress to vote funds for the Arabs but paid no heed to the will of Con¬ gress in falling to Implement anti- bias measures. Rep. William F. Ryan, New York Democrat, told the House that the State Department should act on the anti-bias and freedom of the seas provisions. Rep. Ryan said that the House should insist upon the strong language In the present House bill in preference to "tho watered-down provision in the Senate version". Rep. Ryan called on the State Department to respect and sup¬ port the rights of U. S. citizens abroad, regardless of religion. He cited German, Dutch and British resistance to the Arab League boycott and said the United States could not afford to do less In resisting Arab threats. He said "We must be resolute on this issue or fall to live up to our ideals." B.B. TO RUSSIA GEiNEVA, (JTA) — A thirty- man group of B'nai B'rith mem¬ bers, led by Label Katz, national president of the organization, left Geneva for a three-week visit to the Soviet Union and other East European countries during which they will study con¬ ditions of Jewish life there. Most of the members of the group attended the World Confer¬ ence ot Jewish Organizations which took place here last week. They also attended the interna¬ tional B'nai B'rith conference in Paris. The group expects to visit Moscow, Kiev and Kharkov in the Soviet Union as well aa Warsaw, capital of Poland. Knesset Convenes; B. G. Begins Again JERUSALEM, (JTA) — Israel's new Knesset, the fifth since the establishment of the State in 1948, is expected to be convened here on Monday, September 4, That will be the date for the official convocation of the new Parlia¬ ment, resulting from last week's elections, if the final vote tabu¬ lation—Including the ballots cast by service-men and women In Israel's Army—are completed by Tuesday. Should a hitch develop in tho final counting, the Knesset may not mpet until after the forthcoming Jewish High Holy Days. In any event, the opening meet¬ ing of the Knesset will be largely ceremonial. Members of the Par¬ liament will take their oaths. After that. President Izhak Ben- Zvi will call on the party receiving the largest number of votes to form a Government. That means that Premier David Ben-Gurlon, as head of Mapai, will once more be given an opportunity to form Israel's next Government. A new summary of last Tues¬ day's civilian voting shows that the voting percentages achieved b y the various parties Is as follows: Mapai, 34.51 percent; Herut, 13.47; Liberal, 13.38; Nat¬ ional Religious, 9.98; Mapam, 7.58; Ahdut Avodah. 6.52; Communists, 4.3; Agudat Israel, 3.75; Poalel Agudat-Isracl, 1.99. The remainder of the votes went to Arab parties. Meanwhile, jockeying for posit¬ ion for formation of the next Government is now under way here. The Mapai campaign work¬ ers held a large rally at Tel Aviv tonight, addressed by Ben-Gurlon, and the Mapai secretariat held its first post-election meeting to evaluate last week's balloting. Menachem Belgln, leader of Herut, h£ia proposed that the Lib¬ eral Party join Herut in a United parliamentary bloc eis an alter¬ native to the dominant Mapai Party. Herut has empowered Mr. Beigin to take all necessary steps to bring about formation of such a bloc. Mr- Beigin la expected to approach the two leadera of the Liberals—Pinhas Rosen, of the former Progressive Party, and Peretz Bernstein, of the old Gen¬ eral Zionist Party—asking them to bring the Herut-Llberol bloc proposal before their respective groups.
|Title||Ohio Jewish Chronicle, 1961-08-25|
|Subject||Jews -- Ohio -- Periodicals|
|Place||Columbus (Ohio); Franklin County (Ohio)|
|Creator||Ohio Jewish Chronicle|
|Collection||Ohio Jewish Chronicle|
|Submitting Institution||Columbus Jewish Historical Society|
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