Ohio Jewish Chronicle, 1980-01-17, page 01
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^^ OffiOJEWIlJIMffROMCLE /Jj\\^ Serving Columbus and Central Ohio Jewish Community tor Over 50 Years Yl/A\K MBF1ABY. 0Hl0A!H.i870rtlCAl. SOC<L&TY ■' 1082 vetM.-AAve* • ctfus, o, 43211 ' irXGH VOL.59 NO.3 JANUARY 17,1980-TEVET28 0- I ft: JDC Report States Not More Than 100 Jews In Afghanistan NEW YORK (JTA)-It is said that there may have once been as many as 40,000 Jews living in Afghanistan. However, according to a re- _ ■ port prepared by the American Joint Distribution' Committee, there are today but a few families—no more than 100 people—and their whereabouts in the current situation are unknown. Most of the people lived in Kabul, some in Herat and there are ■ reports of one remaining family in Balkh. Some date the origins of the Jews of Afghanistan to the days of the First Temple and though that may be difficult to document, there is ample evidence of later migrations into Afghanistan from, southern Russia and from Persia. In the late 1870s, thousands of Jews went from Herat to Persia to avoid a punitive war tax— butas late as 1927 it was still possible to count 60 distinct Jewish communities. _ „ In .1933; • following—the~J assassination of Nadir Shah, the Jews were-driven'from the countryside and concen: tratedin the municipal centers for safety. Another significant exodus from Afghanistan, took place' in 1944, a time of famine, and thousands more went, into India—eventually going on 'to Palestine. The establishment of the State of -Israel, brought a messianic fervor to the Jews of Afghanistan and an intense desire for aliya, though the government refused to allow them to leave.-As late as 1950, when the Jewish population was estimated as being between 3,000 to 8,000, Jews paid an infidel tax and had to report for military service though they were not allowed to bear arms. Despite the prohibition on immigration the Jews did find their way out—family by family. Most came to Israel, some to .the United States. A JDC report received in 1971 described the situation at that time as follows: "The Jewish community is rapidly shrinking, though there is no . overt threat. In Kabul there : are 25 to 27 families and .about 25 in Herat ... One major area of difficulty is education. When the Jewish youngster reaches about eighth grade he frequently receives pressure from students and teachers to bring ' about conversion, therefore., few finish high school and there are none in Kabul University." Begin-Sadat Summit Meeting Ends With Autonomy Issue Unresolved American Technion Society Dinner Mr. and Mi's. Samuel Melton of Columbus and Boca Raton, Fla., visited with Worthington-resident Saul Seigel, now Executive Vice President of the American Technion Society, at the Eden Roc Hotel in Miami Beach, site of the Society's. , annual Southern Region Dinner. With them is David Brinkley, NBC news commentator, who spoke at the event. Seigel was formerly Director of Development al the Ohio State University. ASWAN (JTA)-Premier Menachem Begin and President Anwar Sadat wound up their three-day summit meeting here with a joint press conference last Friday, .at which both leaders acknowledged they' had failed lo reach agreement on the issue of autonomy and how it might relate lo Jerusalem, They reaffirmed, however,' that the normalization of relations between Israel and Egypt will proceed according to the lime-table laid down by.their peace treaty. Begin told reporters that ppstal and telephonic communications as"well as civilian land, sea and air links would be opened between the Zacks, Mellman Elected To National Board Local leaders Gordon Zacks and Myer W. Mellman were elected - to serve as representatives from Columbus on the 1980 United Israel Appear (UIA-J-Boardtrf-Trus- tees. Their eleqtion took place at the annual meeting of the UIA Board of Trustees held in mid-December in ..Ax-'i-H One of the founders and the principal beneficiary of the United Jewish Appeal, UIA has been channeling assistance to the people of Is- '-raeMrom' -American--Jewry- since 1925. Protecting the fiscal integrity, of philanthropic funds through effective -allocation i and careful monitoring, UIA lhas provided more than $2.5 billion since 1967 for housing, - immigration, absorption, rural settlements, education, youth care, and other social needs. UIA's continued involvement in building and preserving the* Jewish homeland through the programs of the Jewish Agency for Israel, its sole operating agent, has enabled Israel to absorb over one and a half Gordon Zacks million immigrants. During fiscal 1979, UIA received a total of $225,269,000 from UJA. The Jewish Agency budget for 1979-80 is $405 million; UIA will provide $272.5 million (67 percent) of that sum. Myer W. Mellman New York City at the Hilton Hotel. Mellman, President of the Columbus Jewish Federation, was elected as a new trustee and Zacks, who is active both on the local and national Jewish scene, was reelected to the Board. They will be working with the following slate of officers: Jerold C. Hoffberger of Baltimore, Chairman;. Mel- vin Dubinsky of St. Louis and' Max M. Fisher of Detroit, Honorary Chairman; Charlotte Jacobson of New York and Frank R. Lautenberg of Metropolitan New Jersey, Vice Chairman; Jack D. Weiler of New York and Paul ■ Zuckerman of Detroit, Co- Treasurers; Morris" L- Levinson" of New ftYork, Secretary; Irving Kessler of Hartford, Executive Vice Chairmanjand Harold Goldberg of New York, Controller/Assistant Secretary. Dayan Says Mideast Situation Serious, Potentially Dangerous by Barbie Zelizer JERUSALEM (JTA)- Former Foreign Minister Moshe.Dayan said last week that the. Mideast situation is more serious and potentially dangerous than that depicted in the press-. Dayan spoke on the Israel television program "Moked." Citing the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and the turbulence in Iran as examples of the volatile Moslem world, Dayan noted that the situa- ' tion is much more serious than one thinks. But, he added, he does not believe it will bring about a clash between the superpowers. In that light, Dayan said "It is 'very very important for Israel to defuse its con-" flict with the Moslem world and making progress on the autonomy question would be one way' of doing that." There' 'are a number of local problems," including autonomy, "whose quick solution would remove us from the circle of those' in conflict Twith the Moslem world," he said. . The former Foreign Minister dismissed the View that the U.Si snubbed Israel by not informing Jerusalem.of the decision to use air bases jn Egypt. "The Americans can still be our friends without telling us they have an air. base at Kina," he observed." , In Dayan's view, the U.S. ' prefers to use bases in Egypt (CONTINUEDON PAGE 10) two countries on Jap 26. followed by the exchange oi Ambassadors on Feb. 26. Sadal reiterated that he intended lo implement normalization in accordance with the letter and the spirit of llnrpeace treaty. But he expressed disappoinlmenl over the impasse on autonomy for the West Bank arid Gaza Strip. "I would have hoped to make progress on ihe autonomy issue." he said. He added, "we still have time," indicating that more summit meetings will be needed. The peace treaty calls for the autonomy negotiations lo be completed by May 26. Begin told Ihe press conference that he would consider Sadat's proposal to implement autonomy first in the Gaza Strip where Ihe inhabitants are believed lo be more amenable than on the Wesl Bank. Egypt believes it still exerts some influence in that territory which it ruled, until 1967. Begin said he would submit the suggestion to his -Cabinet lor consideration. However, he was adamant in his rejection ol Sadat's proposal thai East Jerusalem be included in the autonomy plan, allowing its Arab residents to vole in the, elections lor the sell- governing administrative . council on ihe Wesl Bank. "I again told President Sadal thai Jerusalem is Ihe eternal capital ol Israel and is indivisible," Begin told re porters on his return to Israel. Philip Klutznick Sworn In As Secretary of Commerce By Truile B. Felilmuii White House Correspondent "I'm grateful that Phil Klutznick would accept'my request to serve as the Secretary of Commerce. It is a .sacrifice on his pari, but it is a sacrifice typical of him and a sacrilice from which every American will benefit." With this' declaration. President Carter called on Judge Abner Mikva to administer the oath of office to Philip Klutznick in the East Room of the'White House on Jan. 9. ^ Klutznick, 72, who- has served under six presidents, told his assembled family and other guests at the Swearing-in Ceremony that he has recently been "living through two critical situations" under the President's leadership. "Some of us have had a lack of repose the last few days," he said. "The de-, cisions thai have been made under President Carter's leadership are painful and excruciating to a man of peace and yet he has elected to use every arm of peace in what is one ol the greatest challenges to our country since World War II. The lirmness of his position, his selection of the options, will make my children and grandchildren—who are here today-proud ol the pages of history that will accord what he is entitled to. the accolade ol leadership that is not bellicose, that is firm.' that understands its way. and that seeks to preserve the important but fragile fabric of peace in the world." Klutznick added that he hopes those in the Department of Commerce will be able to ••demonstrate ability in.' the treacherous economic waters through which we pass with the same sense of devotion lo duty, the same commitment 1 to achievement, the same quiet determination that will bring lo reality Carter's enunciated doctrine that government and the private sector owe il to each other to work jn commonality and to the best of our respective abil- iCONTINUEDON PAGE H< President Carter looks on ais U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals Judge Abner Mjkva administers the oath of otfice to Philip M. Klutznick as Secretary of Commerce Jan. 9 in theEast Room of The White House.
|Title||Ohio Jewish Chronicle, 1980-01-17|
|Subject||Jews -- Ohio -- Periodicals|
|Place||Columbus (Ohio); Franklin County (Ohio)|
|Creator||Ohio Jewish Chronicle|
|Collection||Ohio Jewish Chronicle|
|Submitting Institution||Columbus Jewish Historical Society|
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