Ohio Jewish Chronicle, 1927-08-26, page 01
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'fOj^; Central Ohio's Only Jewish Netospdper Reaching Every Home t0 J^iittBtj Ollf rotitri^ Devoted to American and Jewish Ideals A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER FOR THE JEWISH HOME ¦Vol. X —No. .14 COLUMBUS, omo, ,AUGU.ST. 26, 1927 Per Year $3.00; Per Copy lot Opponents Scored at Zurich Conference On Rights of Jews "National Bights" Are Viewed as Peak of Jcwisli Emancipa¬ tion by Delegates to Great Meet SOKOLOW, WISE, MOTZKIN AND S. DUBNOW SPEAK ZURICH—The doctrine of Jewish nation.ilisni as il aims lo express itself "national rights," running parallel with, the minority rights guaranteed in the treaties concluded at the Peace Confer¬ ence with the new and enlarged states following the World War, concerning the religious, ethnic and linguistic minorities, was presented by Dr. Siinon Dubhow, well known Russi,-in Jewish historian and leading exponent of (he national rights theory in Eastern Europe, at the second session of the Conference on Jewish Rights here Tile conference was -constituted with the election of three chairmen and six vice-chairmen. Nahum Snitolow, Dr. Leo Motzl<in and Dr. Stephen S. Wise were elected clijiirmen; M. M. Ussishkin, Dr. Z. H. Chajes, Judge Hugo Pam, Max D. Steucr, Deputy H. Farbstein, Judge Gustave Hartman and Dr. Simon Dubnow were elected vice-chairmen. Dr. Dubnow in a report on "The New and Old Forms of Organization for Jew¬ ish Emancipation," gave a historic review ot the fight of the Jews for emancipation. The national rights were termed by him the peak of Jewish emancipation. The einancipat,ion of the Jews lin Europe starlcd'with the fight,for citizeni rights which was accompanied by a denial of the Jewish nationality. The Russian revolution of 1917 brought what might be termed the magna carta of the natioiial rights. Its application however was pre¬ vented later when Russia was drowfled in bloody Bolshevik terror and in the civil war which resulted in the enslavement of 3,000,000 Russian Jews together with the entire population. Dr. Dubnow said. The recognition of the rights of the Jewish minorities' in the peace treaties is the final form of.,J(a.vish emancipation, (Continued on page f) HAPPY NEW YEAR THREE BIG LITTLE WORDS. — This is tlic season wlien the scroll of the forgotten past memories shoukl return hbme; when scraped intentions, unkept promises, spent resolutions should act as a reminder that we renew tlic broken ties of alTec- tionate association. The traditional custom of heginning the Nevv Year aright should give birth to a felicitous, expression of a heartening character, .SAY THEM—A HAPPY NEW YEAR! in tlie September 27th edition of The Ohio Jewish Chronicle. Let The Chronicle carry your message of greeting to all your friends for a Happy New Year. By printing your greetings in The Chronicle you are relieved of the worry of forgetting some one and are saved a great deal of time and money in the mailing of the old card sy.st'em. The practice of sending New York Greet¬ ings through the local Jewish newspaper Is well established and is also being carried on In all the'larger communities. Nobody can chide you for forgetting theni on Rosh Hasshona if your greeting i.s published in the Chronicle. In mailing your New Year greetings you are privileged to write youi" own greetings. Mail them before September i8th, as this special feitture page will close on this day. Big Dedication Banquet Will Be Held At E. Broad St. Temple On Sept. llth. Prominent Men of City, State, and Nation Will Appear on the Program The ofiicers of the E^st Broad Street Temple ar? busily engaged in completing the arrangements for the dedication of their New'House of Prayer, Sunday af¬ ternoon, September llth. They desire to take this means of announcing that a big dedication banquet will be held at 0:30 p. m. following the dedication ex¬ ercises. Among the prominent men of city, state and nation who will grace the program for the banquet are Governor Vic Donahey, Mayor James J. Thomas, Vlonorable John J. Lentz, and the various Rabbis of the local community. The chief speaker at the banquet will be Rabbi Goodman Rose of Pittsburgh, an old time friend of- Dr. Rivlin of the. Broad Street Temple, and a leader among the con'^crvative Jews of the United States, Watch these columns for further par¬ ticulars regarding the dedication excrcisfes as well as the dedication banquet. Ivreeyoh Lawn Fete Is Indefinitely Postponed The Lawn Fete on the grounds of the Hehrew School of Columbus which was to have taken place on Wednesday, Au¬ gust 17th, lias been indefinitely postponed on account of the death of Harry Bender, son of Mrs. Ben Bender, who is a mem¬ ber of the Ivreeyoh Board. THE NUMBER OF JEWISH STUDENTS DECREASES BERLIN. (J. T. A.) A decrease in the number of Jewish students in the universities of Prussia is reported here. Among the 31,548 students in the uni¬ versities, there are 1573 Jewish students. .Iliis. percentage, 7..'i, is cgnsidferably less than before the war. Campaign Cominittee Ftfr Million Dollar Drive For Jewish Orphan Home at Cleveland ¦¦n\ \-^\\'<'. ?.¦: '"1/ -^.".>.;%^ '¦'\K ' .¦'- t - t" ¦¦ V'' ¦..., - ¦ ,-it H^^ r-h •cdr ^C^, ^'^v-^- '<^->i L_ - i I ^^1^ Louis J. Dorm b I'e u\, £.J.bchar\fcU-ber 'T'HE men pictured above, all of whom are members of the Pi- nance Committee of District No. 2, Intieiiemient Order of B'Nai B'Rith, mnlte up the District Campaign Ex¬ ecutive Committee for the Million Dollar Building Fqnd now being raised tliroqghout District No. 2 for the Jewish Orphan Home at Cleve? land, Ohio, Rabbi Mayerberg Is from Day¬ ton, Ohio; Mr, Borinstein from In¬ dianapolis; Mr. Schier from Kan¬ sas City» Mo., and' Meaare. Schan¬ farber and Lazarus from Golumbus, Ohio. Mr, Lazarua is president of the Orphan Home, as well as general chairman of the Finance Commit¬ tee of the District, and each one on the Campaign Executive Committee ia a member of the Jewish Orphan Home Board. The Jewiah Orphan Home at Cleveland was founded by the B'Nai B'Rith in 1866 and since then iias been sponsored by the Order in Dis¬ tricts No. 2 and 0. This is the first public appeal.for capital funds in the fiO-year history of the Home, during which more than 4000 boys and girls from shat¬ tered homes have been cared for. The Home always has occupied the same site in Cleveland, and many of its buildings are more than 50 years old. It waa originally erected on the outskirts of Cleve¬ land in what was known aa the "Woodland" section because of the wooded character of the neighbor¬ hood. No\v, however, it is in Cleve¬ land's most congested neighbor¬ hood, known in police circles as the "Roaring Third'* precinct. The present grounds and build¬ ings of the Orphan Home have been purchased by the city of Cleveland, which plans to establish on the site a model playground and community center. The Home must vacate not later than Jan. 1, 1929.. The new Home will occupy a 81-acre tract in Uni¬ versity Heights and Shaker Heights, two of Cleveland's most a^ractive suburbs. Construction will be pf the cot¬ tage type, plans calling for 14 qot- tagea, each houaitig 25 orphans un¬ der supervision of a cottage mother. Is Spending The Sum- mer Studying European Jewish Conditions Anti-Semitism is DiscUssed at the Waiiamstown Institute of Politics PR,/iAUl^iC£ //£Xr£/i\ Denials of Roumanian Lection Representative Are Refuted by Rabbi Leon Hurwitz of Brooklyn-Spirit of College Youth of Roumania 19. Deplored—Rabbi Closes His Address with an Optimistic View of Boston \)t. Hexter is the Executive Secretary of tlic Eobtoii Federation of Jewish Charities. lie rcctiilly proilTcred his services to Ihe United Jewish Campaign for the purpose of making a first study of Jewish life in \arious European countries, and is now busily engaged in this impor¬ tant work. The officers of the United Jewish Campaign are anticipating his return next month with much interest; for at that time he will report on the rcbult of his survey. Dr, Hexter is former president of the National Conference of Jewish Social Workers. His most important recent Jewish work is a survey he made on be¬ half of the Emergency Committee For Jewish Refugees on the possibilities of Mexico as a country of large Jewish mi¬ gration. His report, a Volume in one document covering several hundred pages, was declared by Mr. Louis Marshall, Mr. David M. Bressler, Dr. Lee K. Frankel, and the other oflicers of the Emergency Committee as one of the most complete of its kind. Dr. Hexter won his doctorate in phil¬ osophy in 1924 at Harvard, where he is now instructor in Social Ethics. He has been Executive Director of the Boston Federation of Jewish Charities since 1919. Prior to tliat he was instructor of Jewish Philanthropy at the Hebrew Union College, at the same time holding the position of Executive Director of Jewish Charities in Cincitmati, He is the author of several important books in his field, notably "Social Consequences if Business Cycles," published by the Pollock Foundation for Economic Re¬ search and "Children Astray," written in collaboration wilh Saul Drucker and pub¬ lished by the Harvard University Press, Ndn-Party Zionists Will ' Lead at Basle Congress With 165, It Is Estimated 275 Delegates Prom Every Part of the World Will Represent World Movement LONDON—Zionists constituencies all over the world will be represented at the forthcoming Fifteenth Zionist Congress in Basle,.the birthplace of political Zion¬ ism, by 275 delegates, .it' was estimated here to-day. The list will be made, up of delegates duly elected by the various Zionist groups as well as the members of the General Conncil known as the Actions Committee and the members of the Zionist Executive who ire delegates to Zionist Congresses by reason of their office. A tentative identification of the dcle^ gates as to their party affiliation ^hows that GO will represent the Mizrachi, Or¬ thodox Zionist organization; 4.3 the La¬ bor group, Zeiri Zion and Poalu Zion; 9 the Zionist Revisionists; C Radical Zion¬ ist and the rest, 165, the so-called Gen¬ eral Zionists. The last group, although it is subdivided on minor issues, is in general understood to support the Weiz¬ mann policy. The correspondent of the Jewish Tele¬ graphic'Agency here learns that no report of the Experts Commission of the "Jewish Agency which is now investigating the situation in Palestine with a 'view to mapping out a program for the next ten years' work will be presented to the Con¬ gress. It is, however, expected that a plaii to create an Agrarian bank will be submitted by the,Executive. S. DINGOL IS ON HIS WAY BACK TO THE U. S. WARSAW—(J. T.' A.)—S.. Dingol, managing editor of "The Day" arrived here on his way back from Russia. Mr. Dingol will proceed to Berlin and Paris before leaving for the United States. WILLIAMSTOWN, MASS. (J. T. A.)—Anti-Semitism in Central and Southeastern Europe was discussed yes¬ terday at an open conference at the Institute of Politics here. The subject of the conference was "Dictatorship versus Democracy in Europe" and was under the leadership of Professor Henry R. Spencer of the Ohio State University. Both an op¬ ponent of the present regime in Hungary and a member of the Hungarian Legation discussed conditions in Hungary. The spokesman for Roumania was Andrei Popovici, Secretary of the Roumanian Royal Legation at Washington. Mr. Popovici attempted ia whitewash Roumania of the charges o£ rage-hatred. ,Hc said: "Roumania takes a most enlight¬ ened attitude to the minorities. It is regrettable that faKehoods are spread by the enemies of Roumania which have gained the cars of distinguished Ameri cans. The Jews have many schools of their own. While the Jewish students enjoy the same rights as the Christians and suffer much less material distress than do the latter," Mr. Popovici then denied the "rumor" of Anti-Semitic outbreaks saying that "only one Jewish student viras killed and here and there windows were smashed Furthermore these excesses were limited only to the radius of the universities." He added that by their false propaganda the American Jews nearly caused an outbreak of anti-Semitism in Roumania. Rabbi B. Leon Hurwitz of the Bay Ridge Jewish Center, Brooklyn, who is a member of the Institute, was given an opportunity by the chairman of the con¬ ference to reply to Mr, Popovici. "Mr. Popovici need have no fear about distinguished Americans lending ear to false rumors nor to false denials," Rabbi tlurwit? declared. "Most of them come from Missouri and are not subject to in¬ fantile credulity, swallowing every word which they may hear. It is for this reason that I now have in my hand a copy of the Jezvish Daily Bulletin, a fact ikwspaper of August 3, carrying a letter from its correspondence in Bucha¬ rest dated July 20, mentioning facts which Mr. Popovici very likely had no time to include in his paper. True that we have Jewish schools but according to the Bulletin information, the schools in Bessarabia were closed on the pretense that they are not on par with the govern¬ ment schools. "Not a single Jewish teacher passed his examinations this, year. Very strange in¬ deed that all incapable Jewish students suering from a mental inferiority should liave heer, placed by Providence in one territory. And as to their suffering less material distress," Rabbi Hurwitz con¬ tinued, "that is an old, outworn phrase. Unless Mr. Popovici had in mind that due to their stupidity of which their, failures in one final examination is to serve as proof, they don't realize the tax oppressions continually multiplied so as to make it impos.sible for their fathers who are shopkeepers to remain .in their businesses." . Rabbi Hurwitz then read from an issue of the Bulletin the incident of the Kishi¬ nev shop-keepers, fourteen of whom are under arrest for requesting of the mayor an opportunity to present their grievances to the municipal council, and of their danger of being imprisoned for years. Ra.bbi, Hurwitz pointed to Mr. Popovici's minimizing" the excesses. When he said that only one Jew was killed! "Taking another's life," said the Rabbi, "is not the only criminal act against which a civilized, world- rebels. The life of Job,was spared by Satan, yet we all sym¬ pathize with his untokl sufferings when he was deprived of his possessions, and of the opportunity to train and to rear his children. It is nb less ridiculous to fihd comfort that the excesses lake place only among the iinjversity stude,nts. On the contrary, just because anti-Semitism emanates froin the universities, the shock is greater. Society of social life, like the tree, rots from the top and woe to any people, whose spurce, whence you expect moral cxcenence and a whole- aoine example, is rotten. "Distinguished men in America will no less look, with approval upon 'men smashing of windows'. Americans con¬ sider ¦ golf,' temiis and other forms of athletics among students far more pref¬ erable form of sportsmanship and amuse¬ ment." Rabbi Hurwitz closed his address with an optimistic view, pointing to the fact that the members of the faculty of Jassy University themselves realized the danger which faces Roumania in per¬ mitting its future to be in the hands of a youth so badly trained, whose suc¬ cess iu life is attained by,means of the club, wiiulnw smashing, intimidation of rnco-Iiatred, and appeal to the govern- intnt for strict measures. Rabbi Hur- wit7 also referred to the''appeal against anti-Semitism issued by Tbe Sttident World, organ of the Christian Students World Organisation and expressed his hope that some day, and not far off, the golden rule wil! he'obser\ed rtinorig all peoples, including all parts of Europe and that the norqal illness known as anti- Semitism will be a thing of the pasi PRESIDENT OF AGUDATH ACHIM GREETS "POP" SCHONTHAL AND WISHES HIM WELL Among the many telegrams received by Mr. Joseph Schonthal upon the occasion of his THrd birthday anniversary, none pleased him more than the following one from Mr. Morris M. Levison, president of the Agudath Achim Congregation of Columbus: Columbus, Ohio, Aug 12, 1927 Mr. Joseph Schonthal, Care Park Hotel, Magnetic Springs, Ohio. ' Dear Friend: I take great- pleasure in congratulating you on your 73rd birthday. I want you to know that your life and your achieve¬ ments have been a constant source of in¬ spiration to me. As president of the Agudath Achim congregation I can safely assert that your many benefactions and public-spirited deeds are deeply appreciated by the offi¬ cers of this congregation and the ortho¬ dox Jews of this community. We are ready at all times to co-operate with you Ul your arduous labors on be¬ half of others and we trust that God will guide and bless you for many years to come. ' Morris M. Levison President, The Agudath Achim Congrega¬ tion WILL BE AWARDED THE DEGREE OF PH. D. ON AUGUST 31ST MRS, itZMA LOE& COHB^ On Wednesday, August IJlst, Mrs. Irma Loeb Cohen of Zanesville will be awarded the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, the highest honor the university confers upon hs students. : Mrs. Cohen, who received her Bach¬ elor of A.rts degree from Ohio State in 1924 .and her Master of Arts degree in 192G, has until recently made her home in Columbus. In addition to siudyirg at the university she has been an assistant in the psychology department four years. ' She is a member of Alpha I^psilon Phi sorority. ¦ . ESPEUANTISTS PAY TRIBUTE TO LUDWIG ZAMENHOF WARSAW.—(J. T. A.)—Allthedele- gates to the Congress of Esperantists held in Danzig visited the grave of Zam- enhof in the Jewish cemetery here. The praesidium, of the Congress, placed wreathes on the grave of the inventor of Esperanto, The praesidium is instituting efforts to have the name of Dzika Street where Zamenhof lived, changed to bear the name of their late leader. The delegates will proceed to Bialy- stock on- Sunday. On Monday they will unveil a memorial. tablet at the houae where Zamenhof was born. The um-cU- ing committee appointed by the Congreaft includes the Biatystock Esperuntist, Scl^- piro, Mr. Tikiin, president of the D^ly- stock Kehillah, was invited to attend the unvciliiig ceremonies aa a reprebentatjvc of the Jewish population.
|Title||Ohio Jewish Chronicle, 1927-08-26|
|Subject||Jews -- Ohio -- Periodicals|
|Place||Columbus (Ohio); Franklin County (Ohio)|
|Creator||Ohio Jewish Chronicle|
|Collection||Ohio Jewish Chronicle|
|Submitting Institution||Columbus Jewish Historical Society|
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