Ohio Jewish Chronicle, 1987-10-01, page 01
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UI BRAKY, 0Hi0 h.gtofucal 5004*/^ 19GH VELM/. AVE. 00Lo. 0, 43211 EXCH Serving Columbus and,Central Ohio Jewish Community (or Over 60 Years \\//\Va Torch Academy Names Assistant Headmaster Rabbi Henoch Millen, headmaster of Columbus Torah Academy, announced the appointment of Rabbi Chaim Hisiger to the new position of assistant headmaster. Rabbi Hisiger previously-served asdirector of education at The Rocky Mountain Hebrew Academy in Denver. BEHIND THE HEADLINES Rabbi Chaim Hisiger Rabbi Hisiger is a founder and national chairman of the Torah High School Network which develops and shares curriculum materials for Torah-oriented high schools, .aids with professional faculty and administrator development, sponsors joint student activities and con- FEATURE ducts other educational endeavors. In 1984, Rabbi Hisiger received a dual masters degree in humanities and education from Ryokan College in Los Angeles, and in 1986, received his permanent principals' license from JESNA. Rabbi Hisiger received rabbinical ordination from the Rabbinical Seminary of Yeshiva Chaim Berlin, Brooklyn (1973), and a bachelor's degree in education from Ben Gurion University in Israel (1972). In addition to his Torah Academy responsibilities, Rabbi Hisiger will be associated with Agudas Achim in a professional capacity and will serve as a guest lecturer for the Community College of Adult Jewish Studies. Rabbi Hisiger and his wife, Arlene, are the parents of one son, Elisha. In The Chronicle i u ' Classified..., ll Soviet Consular Mission To Extend Stay In Israel JERUSALEM (.JTA) — Foreign Minister Shimon Peres indicated last week that the Soviet consular mission which came to Israel last July will ask for an extension of their three-month visa, due to expire soon, and it would be granted. Reagan Message Included In Yeshiva U. Time Capsule NEW YORK — Ronald Reagan, the first sitting U.S. President to receive an honorary degree from Yeshiva University here, has given some paper back. His written message is included in a time capsule sealed Sept. 15, on the university's 101st birthday, in the newly completed Tenzer Gardens. The capsule will be opened as part of the university's bicentennial celebration in 2086. , Grant To Help Restore Martyrs Temple In Budapest BUDAPEST (JTA) — A check for $80,000 to repair the Martyrs Temple here was presented to leaders of the Hungarian Jewish community recently by Rabbi Arthur Schneier, president of the Appeal of Conscience Foundation. The Foundation is an interfaith group that seeks to promote religious freedom around the world. The gift was made possible, Schneier said, "by the generosity of Ronald Lauder, U.S. ambassador to Austria and an associate of the Appeal of Conscience Foundation." BEHIND THE HEAPLlwo u ' ' 'g_ A Neo-Nazi Party Gams Seat In Bremen State Parliament j c not-Hoc in states where I BONN (JTA) —' The sue cess of the neo-Nazi Deutsche Volksunion (DVU) party in gaining a seat in the State Parliament of Bremen in recent elections has badly shaken the West German political establishment, whose leaders have consistently dismissed such right- wing extremist factions as little more than a nuisance incapable of winning sufficient votes to penetrate even local governments. Chancellor Helmut Kohl; leader of the ruling Christian Democratic Union (CDU), may well be embarrassed by the developments in Bremen. Only a week earlier, when visiting Israeli. Defense Minister Yitzhak Rabin expressed concern over reports of resurgent anti-Semitism and neo- Nazism in the Federal Republic — especially after the suicide in Spandau prison of Hitler's former deputy, Ru- doIphTHess;— Kohl assured The Powerful Kol Nidre ~:„tu nontnrv C. R. Ri By Rabbi Bernard S. Raskas (©1987, JTA, Inc.) Kol Nidre, which begins the Yom Kippur service, is one of the most popular and powerful pieces in Jewish liturgy. Yet, it is not a prayer and does not even mention the name of God. The origin of its famous melody is unknown, and its inclusion in the prayer book was strongly opposed by several generations of prominent rabbis. The setting of Kol Nidre is a Jewish court. Two people hold Torah scrolls at either side of the Cantor, thus constituting a beth din, a court of three that is required for the legal procedure of granting the dispensation from vows. It }s preceded by a brief paragraph invoking the Academy on High, the heavenly body of rabbis. Because the recitation is in the nature of a court procedure, which cannot be conducted on a holiday, it is recited before sunset. The text is a precise legal formula in which the worshippers proclaim that all personal vows, oaths,.etc., that they made unwittingly, rashly or unknowingly (and thus cannot be fulfilled) during the year should be considered null and void. However, it should be pointed out that the Talmud (Yoma 8:9) says explicitly: "Yom Kippur atones for sins against God. Yom Kippur does not atone for sins against another human being until one has placated the person offended." In order to understand the nature and function of Kol Nidre, we must look to Biblical times, when it was com- ".' mon practice for people to make vows that could not possibly be honored. After the Second Temple was destroyed, this practice continued among the people. The leaders .of the community were troubled, for they viewed a person's word as his or her bond. Failing to convince the people of the desirability of avoiding rash promises altogether, the rabbis of the Talmud finally created a formal ritual for annulling those unkept vows, j No one knows for certain, but is probable that in the ninth century C.E. Rav Am-- ram's siddur contained the first complete known text of Kol Nidre, quite different from the talmudic legal formula. Kol Nidre was a collective annulment, unlike the Talmud's individual annulment, and it was written in a mixture of Hebrew and the then vernacular Aramaic. There are two other explanations for its introduction. According to Rabbi Mordecai ben Hillel (Germany, d. 1298), this formula was instituted by Rabbi Meir ben Barukh of Rothenberg (d. 1293) to permit transgressors who had been excommunicated because of their defiance of communal regulations to worship with the congregation. And toward the end of the 19th century, Joseph Bloch had proposed the theory that Kol Nidre arose in the seventh century when secret Jews — who had been converted to Christianity after persecution by the Visigoths (590-711) — would come to the synagogue on Yom Kippur eve. . " *■ (CONTINUED ON PAGE 11) him there was no danger of neo-Nazi groups becoming more than a minor irritant, creating isolated, if unpleasant incidents from time to time. But now, even the most optimistic West German politicians cannot ignore the reality that for the first time in 20 years, a neo-Nazi candidate managed to get elected to a state legislature. The success of the DVU moreover greatly improved the chances of future support at the polls by conservative voters with rightwing lean? ings. The situation in Bremen was unique. While all of the federal states require a party to poll at least five percent of the popular vote to gain representation in parliament, the Bremen constitution makes a party eligible if it wins five percent in either one of the two cities comprising the state. The DVU did poorly in Bremen. But it easily exceeded" the five percent barrier in Bre- merhaven, the deep-water seaport at the mouth of the Weser, As a result, its candidate, 62-year-old retired engineer Hans Altermann, has" become one of the 100 deputies in the State Parliament. The DVU employed a successful strategy by choosing a little known candidate to head its election list. It avoided frightening off voters who would not support a prominent neo-Nazi. Moreover, the DVU had the support of a rival, much better known neo-Nazi faction. The National Demo- . cratic Party (NPD), whose | notoriety apparently convinced it that it could not win, mobilized its followers on behalf of the DVU and made its headquarters in Bremen and Bremerhaven available to the smaller party. Observers here are now pointing out that a small but sizeable minority of the electorate is ready to support neo-Nazi groups. The latter possess the devotion, a certain degree of unity and are capable of working hard to mobilize support and translate it into votes. The success of the DVU also may improve the . chances of other neo-Nazi parties in states where the five percent barrier applies throughout. Both the DVU and NPD as recognized political parties can receive tax-, deductible contributions from individuals and businesses. The NPD already receives financial support from the federal government, according to law, because of its relatively good showing in the last Bundestag elections. The DVU is headed by Gerhard Frey, who publishes the Munich-based Na- ziohal Zeitung, which among other things calls the Holocaust a Jewish hoax and the gas chambers "Zionist propaganda." The DVU campaigned in Bremen largely on the "need" to rid Ger- . many of a community of some five million foreign workers, mostly Turks. It avoided attacking Jews. . But right after .j election day, Carla Mueller-Tupath, a Jewish community mem- (CONTlNUED ON PAGE 7) YOM beginning at Sundown Friday, October 2 • Saturday, October 3 Tishrei 10. 5748 Totally Devoted To Prayer and Repentance... The Day on Which Humanity ^ Is Judged. 61st Annual Meeting u»™.w — nSto FEDERATION Sunday. October .4,1987 * Agudas Achim Synagogue » 7:30 p.m.
|Title||Ohio Jewish Chronicle, 1987-10-01|
|Subject||Jews -- Ohio -- Periodicals|
|Place||Columbus (Ohio); Franklin County (Ohio)|
|Creator||Ohio Jewish Chronicle|
|Collection||Ohio Jewish Chronicle|
|Submitting Institution||Columbus Jewish Historical Society|
|Rights||This item may have copyright restrictions. Online access is provided for research purposes only. For rights and reproduction requests or more information, go to http://www.ohiohistory.org/images/information|
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