Ohio Jewish Chronicle, 1939-08-25, page 01
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-: ¦ . ¦ . - .¦ -- , J ^SS!r 2rO^ Serving Columbus and Ceniral Ohio Jewish Community \j[^ Volnmo ]». No. 34 COLUMBUS, OHIO, FRIDAY, AUGUST 35, 1939 DOTOtcil to Smetlcnn and jQWlsh Edeola Strictly Confidential Tidbits From Bverywhcro By l>niNEAS J. BIBON FROM FOREIGN PARTS If no serious trouble has de¬ veloped in Europe before August 27th nothing very grave will happen this yeai-, is the latest prediction of those in the know. ... Lloyd's of London are quoting 2 to 1 against a European war in 1939 at this writing. . .-At the recent Prague opening of Elmer Rice's "Street Scene" . the line "Jews aren't such bad people after all" was greeted with such enthusiastic applause that tho Nazi censor immlediately saw to it that this lino was deleted from all subsequent perform¬ ances. . . But what gets us is the fact that "Street Scene" was produced at all in the Hitler- dominated Czech city, Elmer Rice being as non-aryan as any ot our faithful readers. . . The Nazis are very eager to reas' sure their populace that the Uni ted States will not support Kng- land in case of a European war. . . . They reprint American anti- British cartoons in German papers, but tail to mention that these cartoons were originally I I published in 1915. . . Really ef- j fective undergi-ound anti-Nazi I work is being done in Czecl^o- slovakia—which proves it can } l)e done. . . The silent opposition I in Germany please copy. . . } OUR N0BTHI5RN MSinHBOR I Wc didn't like the statement ji^. — • 'jy Louis l^'Ltoh, member of the S Quebec Provincial Legislature, I about the recent anti-Jewish In- 1 cldents In the Laurfentian Mountains. . . Fitch broadcast statements in the French and , English press in Canada assur¬ ing "my people that there is ab¬ solutely no reason whatsoever for alarm". . . That "absolutely" and "whatsoever" make the statement .a bit too strong for us. . . It can't be denied that enough evidence has been pro- • duccd (o prove beyond the shadow of a doubt that tho anti- Semites in the Province of Que¬ bec aro efficiently organized and constitute no definite menace. . ¦ When mass meetings of Aroan- dists shriek about the Jewish peril no purpose is served by Mr. Fitch'.s proclamation that all is well. . . And what about ' the anti-Semitic posters and the .sermon of Canon Charland C;anadlan provincial edition of Father Coughlin? ... HOMK FRONT Poor judgment is displayed by newspapers that devote promi¬ nent space to whatever Fritz Kuhn say.s or does.... Hitler's or¬ ders to him—;md we have the evidence that Kuhn gets direct orders from the Fuehrer—are to get as mucli publicity as he can, even if it's insulting. . . Be on the lookout for a book en¬ titled "Heil Hunger," by Dr. Martin Gumpert. . . It's schedul¬ ed for publication in October, and when it hits the public eye it will destroy a whopping lie that even anil-Hitlerites have como tp belleve^iiamely, that the Nazi youth is healthy. . . "Heil Hunger" proves that the Nazi boy and girl is a physical weakling and has the lowest vitahty of any youth, in Europe. . . .We learn, incidentally, that the local Nazi greeting; "A. V.," pronounced ",\h Fow," stands' for "Amerika Verrecke," which in English, means "Down with America". . . A recent article by David Lloyd George attacking Chamberlain's appeasement pol¬ icy is so strong that even (Cuutliiued uu Vaeo 4) Deinooraey faces Heath Cyiei^e Lord Baldwin Warns NEW YORK (WNS)—The fundamental . difference be¬ tween democracy and totalitar¬ ianism, is in the recognition by democracy "of the dignity of man and ihis individuality." Earl Baldwin, former Prime Minister of Great Britain, de¬ clared here at a dinner session of the Congress oh Education for Democracy at the Hotel Waldorf-Astoria. Speaking for the first time in this country, Lord Baldwin said that Demo¬ cracy faces not only a peril from wilhout that in Europe at least may be a challenge to .the death, but also perils from with¬ in—from the explosive ideas be¬ hind communism, nazism and fascism—^which can be averted only by reliance on the spiritual rather than the political founda¬ tions ol demoracy. Freedom is in the very blood and bones of the peoples of Great Britain and the United Slates, he asserted. It is so deeply ingrained that the vast majority of the two peoples have forgotten the great price paid for it by generations who suffered and struggled. Earl Baldwin asked the gathering, if they thought it could be main¬ tained witliout cost and without effort. Tho.sc who believe in democracy should work for and he prepared to die for his demo cratic ideals,~he !5aid, "And they will never work for it, much loss die for it, unless the.y are convinced that ' democracy is capable of making a country worthy of such ideals." Offering the phllosoiihy of Judaism as "a potent factor for democracy," Prof. Mordecai M. Kaplan of the Jewish Theologi¬ cal Seminary ot America, de¬ clared that the Jews have a great stake in democracy's suc¬ cess. Judaism, he said, is of¬ fered to "counteract the most vicious trends and assumptions of totalitorianism,' or mobo- cracy^" Representing the Jewr ish point of view. Prof. Kaplan spoke on a program with Dr. Henry Sloane Coffin, president of the Union Theological Semin¬ ary, who called for a "common spiritual . front" of Catholics, Jews and Protestants in the maintenance of the^ spiritual foundations of democracy ahd the liberty "which are safe- guarded by democracy." Face Destitution Under Hungary's Anti-Jewish Laws BUDAPEST (WNS)—It was reported here that the Cabinet Is considering regulations de¬ signed to enforce the drastic second anti-Jewish law and that the regulations, a draft of which was submitted to the Cabinet, wilPbe published in the Official Gazette it no opposition is en¬ countered. .. • Upwards of 23,000 persons have already been affected by the anti-Jewish legislation and between 17,000 and 18,000 in¬ dustrial employes, under the terms of recent ' anti-Jewish laws, will be replaced within the next two and a half to four years. Approximately 43,000,000 pengoe.s in .severance comiiensa- tion have been paid discharged employes whose dismissal will affect 54,000 dependents, expect¬ ed to become destitute. IVIayor Karl Zsendy of Budapest de¬ clared that no catastrophic con¬ sequences were expected "As long as I am holding office. No¬ body will starve," he said in re¬ ply to un inquiry in the Muni¬ cipal Council on the effects of the second anti-Jewish law which went into operation last Hay. Fm i@fi§ee Settleiieit New Year Greetings S^nd New Year Greet¬ ings to your relatives and friends in the Beautiful Special New Vcav Edition of the Jewish Chronicle. Thi.s year, perhaps more so than in recent years,' a inililisheil greeting from yon for the New Year, to yoiir frlBnfls and associ¬ ates, in the Special, Greet¬ ing Section of the Now Year Issue of Tho Jewish Chronicle will carry great¬ er import, nnd will be all tiie more appreciated. The cost Is liiodest;— $2.00 and $5.00 for a card size greeting. It Is conven¬ ient, dIguKled, niodorn and most effective Before it's too lute, call the Chronicle office at once to Insure the InsBrtlon of your greeting. Phone ADanis 293'!. WA8B[INGT0N : (WNS)—Sec¬ retary of tjje Interior Harold L. Ickes has made public a report on a departmental survey pt Alaska conducted , by Under¬ secretary Harry Slattery and other government ofticials after receipt of,, many requests for information concerning possi¬ bility of settling and developing the territory.' Referring^to the territory as "our last frontier," Secretary Icke.=! asserted that "Prospects tor. Alaskian develop¬ ment are particularly favorable today because of the possibility ot transplanling to Alaska, for the benefit of the United States, industries which were develop¬ ed in Europe but which have been broken up or diverted by current waves of intolerance." Secretary Ickes was of the opin ion that such development would offer many employment opportunities to American citi¬ zens and also tb refugees fleeing persecution and oppression in Europe- Ickes characterized tiio sur¬ vey as "a demonstration oE tlie possibilitj' and the importance ^a 10,000,Jewifh War-Veter O ans and their friends de¬ scend upon Miami for tiie 44th Annual Encampment of the Jew¬ ish War Veterans of the United States, it is interesting to turn back the pages of history and review tho beginnings from which this great organization with a membership ot over 20,- 000 war veterans developed. Like the oak tree that develop- »—.', -' - . f'f.f , »., il-' ' .-' • . ¦ ' ^~J t •ff- / • Isidoie S. Worlh eil. fiom the proverbial atom, the Jewish Wai Vfteians of the United State-5 giew to their present eminence irom humble beginnings. The beginning ot the organiza- tion ot Jewish war veterans in" this, country may be traced directly back to several slurring accusations that the Jews were unpatriotic and shirked duty to their counti'y in time ot war. Mark Twain made this insinua¬ tion in an essay he wrote "Con¬ cerning the Sew." (Twain later fully retracted his state¬ ments made in this article). Such an accusation was also made by a clergyman writing in Harper's Magazine in 1894. Still another, and this the most blatant accusation of all, was made by an Army officer vi'rit- ing in the North American Re¬ view. He stated that ho had traveled from East to West, North to South and had not found a single Jew who had served in the Civil War- The first Jewish war veterans' organization, the Union of Civil War Veterans was thus formed on March ICt, 189G at the Lexing¬ ton Avenue Opera- House in Kew York City as an answer to anti-.scmitism. It has since played it? part in the American Jewish ' scone and has boon a living refutation of such per¬ sons, who rogai'dless ot truth, talk about the un-patriotism of the Jew. The records, of Jevj/sh parti¬ cipation in the war,s of. this country, of course, should be answer enough to any charge made against the Jews in this regard. In the World War, for instance, 250,000 Jews or 4.5 per cent of the total mobiliza¬ tion of the country, served In the United States armed forces. As the Jewish population of the .country only represented: 3 per cent of the total population, the Jews contributed about one-third more than then' nor¬ mal share. And that the Jews did not seek sinecures ih the Army in evidenced by the fact that although the Infantry, the shock troops of the Army, re¬ presented only 2B.8 per cent of the armed forces, the perceht- age of Jews in the Infantry totalled -18 percent. In the Quar¬ ter Master Corps, often referred to as the haven ot the politician,, there were only 5.09 percent of Jews,, whereas the enlistment in this Corps represented 6.02 percent of the entire army. In the Spanish American War 5000 Jewish volunteers answered the call of their coun¬ try. In the Civil War, more than 10,000 Jevvs were engaged in' combat in the armies ot the Union or Confederacy. Going back to the War of 1812 we find Jews in the service of- the coun¬ try and so outstanding a hero as Comniodore Uriah P.' Levy. It was even tlius in the \Var of ('continued on Vaeo 1) of industrial development In Alaska," and that with only 60,- 000 Inhabitants scattered over 586,000 square miles, Alaslra Inust seek its population growth through immigration. The survey cites Alaska's vast resources which Include timber, minerals, fish, fur and water power, adding that while tlie government could extend no financial aid, it would cooperatie in developing its resources, the development ot which would afford European refugees, with their specialized ¦ skills, an op¬ portunity to "play a key role in creating various industries which until now have not been developed in the United States. Although the survey makes no specific recommendations as to the absorption of retugees, it, is understood that modifica¬ tion or aniehdment of existing laws to facilitate the immigra¬ tion ; to Alaska; of poUtical re¬ fugees and other aliens is under consideration by officials of the Labor and Interior Depart¬ ments. One of the, matters being. considered concerns the status of such immigrants as alien residents,, their naturali¬ zation, should they desire to be¬ coine citizens ot the United; States as well as of the Terri.i ior7,;ahdj;l&e,.,eit!?ejJship!.8!tatU!!t; oifivthieli-:;ehii3r6n^?^esj>eql8li#^<)fc those born^'in;Alaska.;v':;!;^."i;-; Two settlement projects, in Alaska, one Government-sub¬ sidized and the other a private vfenture,. are discussed in- the report .which cites the: Matan- uska Valley project," financed by the Government, and the Metlakatia Island group, a pri-; vate venture initiated by a ¦ group of 800 victims of religious persecution in Canada which developed into a prosperous municipality. The success of future settle¬ ment projects, based upon the. experiences of the two mention¬ ed, depend, accdrding to the Slattery report, on the, follow¬ ing conditions: (i.) A grouping . ot human beings bound-together by a common, tragic experience and by common ideals who will, seek to become a self-supporting ¦ community without thought ot Government aid, (2) Settlement by men and women who have permanently and unequivocally . cut their ties with the past.and. who are, willing: to face hard¬ ships and endure sacrifices with the hope ot making tor them¬ selves a new and good, lite. On the basis of; his own visit to the Territory and tlie Slat- . tery report, Mr. Ipkes asserted thE^t there were room, need and a warm welcome waiting in Alaska for qualified settlers, especially tor tliose seeking re¬ fuge from intolerance and op¬ pression. That welcome, he said, is dictated by tlie pressing economic needs of a sparsely settled country with: undevelop¬ ed resources. •'- According to the survey there are 94,000 square miles ot farming and grazing land in Alaska; climatic conditions on the southern coastal region are favorable; Alaska offers a po* tentlal market for United States exports larger than tliat npw offered by all of South America; 3,000,000 acres ot tlinber avail¬ able for industrial piirpo.se.s; deposits of- gold, copper, cliro- (Ountluued oa Vaee 3) .
|Title||Ohio Jewish Chronicle, 1939-08-25|
|Subject||Jews -- Ohio -- Periodicals|
|Place||Columbus (Ohio); Franklin County (Ohio)|
|Creator||Ohio Jewish Chronicle|
|Collection||Ohio Jewish Chronicle|
|Submitting Institution||Columbus Jewish Historical Society|
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