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----- VOL. V. MOUNT VERNON, OHIO, TUESDAY MORNING, JULY 19, 1859. NO.. 36. I-. , . . " DR. D. M'BRl AR, tTT OULD RESPECTFULLY INFORM THE VV .itluM of Mt. Vernon) Ohio, and vicinll; , tkftlk.hsip.rnMn.ntlT located in Mt Vernnn for tb.parpM of Fraetlolng his Profession tn the la tail mud molt substantial ttvl of the Art! and I woaMmy tothoee who may favor ma with their patrMiaf, that my work 1U1II and will compare, ootsi in BEATJTY AND DURABILITY, , with any In the State, t would also say to thoso who r afllioted with Diaeasod Mouths, that 1 am prepared to treat all diaeaMi of tha mouth under an, form; alto, to operate on Hair Lips, single or double. Th. beet of references can be given. OFFICE Orer Russell k Sim rites' Bank, 3rd , door below Mr. Sperrj'i Store, Main Rtreot, Mt. Yemen, Ohio. REMOVAL. tB. C. M. KELSET, DENTSSSlST! TTA3 takes, for a torm of years the rooms re- XX ntiy oooapied bj Mr. N. N. Hill, and immo-aiatly evr th .tor. room of Taylor, Oantt A Co., Where k. will prosecute tha Various duties of th. piwfMfioa.. with, an experieno. of over IS years Constant praetiee, and an acquaintance wuo au mo LATK UaPKOVEUENTS of tho Art, he feols confluent of giving .ntire satisfaction, t . Tha but skill of the Profession warrants! to be Vx.rais.it In .vary oaf. On hand a In. stock of Dental materia:. reosoUy prucureu from tn. bast. Entranc. an Mala sstoet, between Taylor, Oantt UV and p. Hank's L'lothing atoro. April iv-Mtf Dr. O. Ezra: McKotvn, flrtoW. Bl()c, N6. ,'4' PiAon.J -... eWirtt&'th V1n.SU. Mohht Vefholr, 0. AM'opCTaonl rierforfned fn the latest khd most approved stybsana W.VSitASl'l. May 1 185-liai3. WOULD say that ha has renewed tha lease for th. above suite of rooms f oV th. 'term of fiv. years, and largely Increased his laoilitios for the bet-traoosamoaallon of visitorsand patient. Always en hand a Urge stock of J)SA'TAl. OOObM-Te.tkdireetfrom th beat tooth Manufactory in the world and uf a othtril Can therefore, give a moro HJMke tprutiu than can be obtained with any heap or rt'er tth. . Is also prspared to insert artiScial teeth on Cora-lilt or vulcanised Ouitapereha or Rubber base an admirable base for temporary sots, Ac Would also coll attention to his method of treat-ins; teeth with exposed uerrea or sausitivedentine wilhont pain and notdastroyinic th. vitality of the tMth, thereby rendering that large numberof teeth serviceable for years which if not treated on scion-tin. principles ar. sacrificed. Thankful far the rary liberal favori for th. last fear years hoping by strict attention to business to receive like eoDfiaonoe and patronage. DE. L. S. ETLTRPHY, LATH Or HEW TOOK C1TT, ANNOUNCES to his friends and the public, that k has opened an efSee for th . PRACTICE OF MEDICINE, la M.unt Vwnon.and th.adjuiningcountry. From the timeand attention he has given to bis profession, he hopes to rooaive a liberal share of tho pub-tjie peonage. Special attention todiscasasof women nndeUiUlron. OFFICE.an Mala street, ever Curtis A Sopp't Store) Retideaeasnraer Uigb A Wast 3trots, . Oct. lth. I858.tf. , D. C. MONTGOMERY, ATieBSEY Jll mi BAXSIN'U IIUII-DIXO, OVER N. McGlFFIX'S SHOE STORE. Mount Vernon, Ohio. v Special attention given to tho Collecting or Claims, and tha purchase and sale of real Estate. I hav. for sale unimproved lands as follows, 041) acres in Osago County, Missouri, 605 acres in Warren County, Missouri, 302 arras in St. Francois County, Uinaourl, also 125 acres and one 40 nor lot in Hardin County, Ohio, and 83 acres in Jl.roer County, Ohio. March 1. '69, 18-lf. I w. vinos. W. 0. COOTEH. VANCE & COOPER, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, MT. VERNON, O. 04ea aoutheastoorner Main and Chestnut srreets opposite kuox County Rank. sepuu JOHN ADAMS, Attorney at Law, & Notary Public, . OFFICE-IN WAKU'S NEW BUILDING, Corner Maia and Vin. Sts., MOUNT VSSSOH, OHIO, i-t fir rT 1 f . .HmIU ln AollAfllinns in Knox O and adjoining eouutiea: also: to prosocuting i , i. : J .1 L' an.l all Afll. aiaiaia lor renaiuiu auu uavuu n mimu,v--r legal kailnes entrusted to his earo. march lltf. I. M L ISR1IL. joa.c.ujtri). ATTOUaNEY S AT LAW, MOVHT VIRM-OV, OUIO. OFFICE Main Street llolow Knox County JJank. t3f Prompt attoo lion giren to all business an-iruitad to them,and .specially to collecting and sa- isuringolaias, many part ot unio ah-188-4-3u. UVXT W. COTTOtf. V. L. 1ANE. . COTTON & BANE. Atlora.y' aV Cuanaellorint Law, Ml. Vtrnon, Ohio. w rILLatUnd toall basinasi intrusted to thoir I n...a. OmCE.N. E. Corner of Main and OambiarSts., var rls's Hercnant Tailoring tstaousumeni Oct. 19th 18i8.tf- trxt. iimi, .B. I. lANXlNa. OCNBAH Ac BANNING, ATTOBHEYS AT Li IV, iiloam Vernoa, OF FIOE In Miller's Block, In th rooms formorly i- t l ii , . . v w ' 1 1 ri i 10. r. HKLailfCf. B. O. TB0M1S HELUinCU THOMAS, rRODlCE&COHMlSSIOMJERCIJAMS . piaiiu m . . SALT, PLASTER, FISH, ,. WHITE AND WATER LIME. 7 ', WILL PAT CASH FOR Flnwr, Oraln of all kinds, Pork, Baenn, Bnttar, Hops, Dried Frnlt, Flax, Clover and Timothy Heod, Votask, White Uaana, Lard, Hides, Pelts, Ac v" At NORTON'S WAREHOUSE, March ii, '69-lly Ml. Vernon, Ohio. ' SASIIt DOOUI AND BLINDS. "V J. A. Anderson, iirCFOTUXll AM MAIB I" ' SA8U, DOORrJ, AND BUM'S, . . Qm. te4 War lloust, High St., llwm Xftimnd R. B. Dtp, Mount Far- , . " mm, Ohio- At.tHiVDH of work aonsUntly on hap.d and ' wsrraaU. . AU orders promptly axaented. 4,rilf,,J8M.ly. . CUA.NTHLfc.aat FRENCH LACE SHAWLS and M4STaiA8at7tol. . WlflTS and BLACK CRAPE SHAWLS soma lr t U ill nd quality. Call soon on "al -2W 8PERRV A CO. A Nice Home farm for Sale. 3 ACHES of land, finely. oultivnted, With flmnll orchard, new frame dwelling, new frame stable, and other outbuildings, only H of a mile east of Main Street, Mt. Vernon, on Uamblor roiud. It is only a rew rods trom Center Kun ; and is a good location foragardener. Prire $1,100 in pnvnicntB. ' W. II. COCHRAN, Real Estate and augllr.lmo. Oen.AgoBt.' Grs'iit Fnrm for Sale. IIIAVE a 200acrefarm of tho finest land tn the connty for salo. Most of the farm is rich bottom, anil lies onlysbouto miles from thlscltyfMt. Vernon.) The land Is well supplied with orchards, rnnningstreamsof water, roads Ac, The buildings are new and good ( in snort, It any mn wishes tn lire quite at home, let him purchase this farm, In-quireof W. H. COCHRAN, Reel Estate, May 26, tf, and Ocn'l Agent. Farm For Sisl. PJ ACRES, ABOUT MILKS FROM MT. lt)"t Vernon, on the Columbus road, about 75 acresclearod,withaxcellent soiland tiinbor. About 60 acres aro bottom land. Oood frame dwelling frame stable,new frame barn, small orchard, good spring, Ac. t'rioa xoo.ug par acre, in payments. W. II. COCIIRA.N.Rcalestate Septl,1867. and Ocn'l. at'ont. LOOK AT THIS I rpiIE Subscriber olfers to soil his fsrm of 28 ncres A lying on Owl Creek, 1 milos S. E. of Mt. Vernon. It is the very irst duality of land suitable fvi fiardeuiiigi Ac. Also, his house and lot of 2 acres on Garulier St. jnat oast of Ccn tor-Hun. The bouso is new and convenient; a fountain pump of excellent soft waier at tneunnr. ntabla,;orn-oribsnnu oilier out uullU- ings. Fur further particulars enquite of WM. H. COCHRAN, Real Estate ag't. or Joseph Cdlvillo, residing on the ptemifvs. Mhr.a&.'fiOtf. Bb Aire FarYn 'for Snle Iif irO'NirO'E TOWNSHIP, k miles fre'in Mount Vernon, one-half mile from the Woostor road: fcboht 40 acres cloared and in a irood state of ctrlti- Vafion,l5 aci'6s Of Which krcn;eadoW; defiling hduso, harn and orchard. frice2 per acre TO piiymtfnts. M. D. Montis, who resides on the farm, will show it to persons wishing to sec it. W. H. COCHRAN, May 17, '5ltf Real Estate and General Agent. BUY WHEKE VOU CAN 1511 THE CHEAPEN!! William M. Mefford, RETURNS HIS THANKS TO THE CITIZENS of Knrx County fur the liberal putroimiro ex tended to him, and would say that ho has now on hand as gocrt Harness, Saddles, RiiRKy, Cnrrlugo, Wazonocdi low Harness, Uollurs.tlridlos, Alartln- gaili, Whirs Ac.asevor. BUUr St. rta-easicornor ciarxct House. ausll:lr. Q. W. Hauk, t ADDLER AND HARNESS MAKER. First Door S nth of Woodkridge's Store, MAIM HTKKKT, MOUNT VKRNON, OHIO. KEEPSb nstantly on hand a large assortment uf Saddle r and Harness, Ilridles, Collars, Halters, Whips, Ac lanufaoturcd by oxperioaced workmen and fern'- )nn reasonable terms. AT, I, WOBK. WAKKANTKP.J TUL'NKM, t'roui2 tn $22. Jly Trunks arc fjtuej superior article to thosa oummonly offered fur salo. I would also invite special attention to my Lnj.l.AUJ, which cannot bo surpassed fur stylo and durability. may zuy. wu. ni'xn.ui. h. n. hanni.su. c. F. BAUIWIN. DUNBAR, BANNING & BA DWIN, MT. VKBSON, OHIO. 3T" OFFICE In llanning HuildinR, N. E. corner of Main and Vino Sts., room formerly occupied by M. H. Mitchell. Juno It, 31, -if. BUY THE fIII! 1 lit I They oro ho hes.t Calicoes yet oflorcd to tho Public for the money. Wholesale Aornts, DEFOREST, A ItMSTICONG A CO , NEW YjOUK. Jnne 29,'i0-33m(l. mlWMm AT THE X OPPOSITE THE KENYON HOUSE. S. W LIPl'ITT. Mf Vernon, June 5th. 1850. a cham;i: roit fAitiutus. r P J J E UN DE R S I G K E D one rs for sal o a good Fa rin JL of 103 acres in Howard township, Knox county, 7 milos east of Mount Vernon, and nnly miles nurtli nf Gnuibicr, tho locatinu uf Kcnyun College. About 80 acros are cleared and in a good state of cultivation, and the balance is good timber land. It is a guod stuck farm, is well watered, has 4 lasting springs, two orchards of Apples, l'ears and Cherries, a good brick dwelling, and a frame barn. I will take J 1,000 for tho whole premises, one-Drib id hand, and the bshmcs in six or eight yearly pny-puyniente,with intorostat six per cent., thus giving tha purchaser a fine chance to make all but tha first payment off the farm. Also, 170 acros of unimproved land In DeKalb county, Indiana. SAUl'EL STOUGH. May 17, '69 21 tf. Proposed Amendment to the. Constitu-. tion. Relalive to an Amendment to the Constitution, Providing for Aunual Sessions of the Ueuorul Assembly. Jteiolvtd.bytht General Aistmhhjof iht Statt nf Ohio, three-tilths of the members of each .House e incurring therein, that it be and is here by proposed to the electors o the State to vote at tho next animal October Slate election, upon the approval or rejection of the following amendment as a substitute for the first clause of the twenty fifth section of the second srti cle of the Constitution of this State, to-wit: "All regular sessions of the General Assembly hall commence on the first monday in January annually." ' WILLIAM B. WOODS, Speaker of tha Hons of Representatives. MARTIN WELKER, April 5, 1859. President of the Senate. SECRETARY OFSTATB OP7ICE.J Ooiciisos,0.,April7,1859 J I hera'oy certify that the foregoing Joint Res-olution, "relative tn an amendment to the Constitution, providing for Annual Sessions of the General Assembly," is a true copy of thsoiig-iual roll on file in this oflice. - ' A. P. RUSSELL. April 19, 1859 39toe. - Secretary of State. fr'mo Farm for Sale. 1 PO ACRES MILK OF ANKNEYTOWN, t lUO miles from Mt. Vernon, and 3j from Freda-rick. lOOaeresolearcd, of which 34 re meadow i aera apple orchard fine soil good timber sugar eamp 2 or I goo springs. Two story krick dwelling also, barn, stable, Ac, Abrsnehof OwlCreek runs through thefarm, and moadow all bottom A choice farm and enn be had at a bargain. .... W. U. COCHRAN, Heal Estal . 0Ct1V7tf - andGen'IAgi, - CHEAP LOT FOR SALE. ' - ; I will sell a vacant lot In Raymond A Potwtn's addition, for fmm t0 to $ 74 acsording to payment. . . , .W.II. P0CARAX,Real Estate A i " Gon'l. Agent. , Jane 2, 'St. J 1 1 DOZ. HAY RAKES for sale by the dosan or 4" piec At WARNER MILLER'S. The Mount Vernon Republican is ruDLiBimn evkby tdbsday uoknino, BY W. II, COCUUAN. Office la Kremlin lluildlnff, No. 6, Second Story. TERMS Two Dollars per annum, payable In advance ) $2,f0 ailor tlis expiration uf the year. RATES OP ADVEDTIBIXO. li r e I c c c c :i 00 i 60 4 60 6 00 1 square. 00 I 26 1 26 1 74 2 26 2 squaros. 1 74 2 60 It 26 4 26 5 Ooj 5 26,6 00 75 8 PO 3 squaros. I SO 1 50 il 00,7 00,8 00 10 4 squares.. 3 Soli 00 5 OO'A 0017 008 00,10 112 1 sqnnre,changonble monthly (10) waok!y,,...$16 ', column, changeable quarterly. , ,...16 Yi column, changeable quarterly 18 W column, changeable quarterly 25 i column, changeable quartorly 40 Eleven lines of Minion (this type) aro counted as a square. Editorial notices of ndvortiecmcnts, or callifig attention to any enterprise intended to benefit individuals or corporations, will bo charged for at tho rate of 10 cents per lino. Special notices, before roarrlntrcs, or taking pre cedence of regular advertiactirents, double nraal rates. AdvortiFcmc1 disnlated In lnreo type to fce charged one half more than the usual rates. All transient advertisements to be paid for m Bd- The Minet'B Aflieu. Lay up nearer, brother, nearer, For my limbs are growing cold; And thy presence secmcth dearer, When thy arms around mo fold. I am dying, brother, dying; Soon you'll miss mo in your borth; For niy form will soon bo lying 'Neath the ocean's briny surf. Iloarfcon to mo, brother, hearken; I have something I would toy. Ero tho tnlemy vision darken, And I go from hence away, I am going, suroly going, liutmy hope in Clod is strong; I am willing, brother, knowing . That he uocth nothing wrong. Tell my father, when you soo 'litr, That in death I prayed for him Prayed that I may onoday meothim, In a world that's frco from sin : Tell my mother God assist her, Now that sho is growing old That berchild would fain havo kissed her, Ere his lips grow pale and cold. Lislon! brother, catch, each whisper; 'Tis my wifol'd spenk of now: Tell hor, oh, tell her how I praiead her, AVhen tho fovor burnt my brow; Toll her, brother closely liston; Don't forgot a single word-That in death my eyes did glisten With tho tears hor memory stirred. Tell her sho m.ist kiss my children, Like tho kiss I Inst impressed; Hold them lis when I last held them, Folded clujely to my breast. Givo them early to the Savior, 1'utting alt her trust in God, And ho never will fursnko her, For nc says so in His Word, Oh.myohildrcn Heaven bless them They wcro all my life to me; Would I onco more oou'd caress them, Ero I sink beneath the sea. 'Twas for them I crossed the occ in; What my hopes woro I'll not toll: Rut they've gained an orphan's portion Yet He docth all things well. Toll mysister Ircmombor Every kindly parting word, And my heart has been kept tender Ily the thoughts her memory stirred. Still I never reached the haven, Whor 1 sought the precious dust, But I've gained ft port called Heavon, Where the gold will never rust. TJrgo them to secure an entranoo, For they'd find a brother there; Faith in Jesus, and repentance, Will secure for each a share. Uarkl I hear my Savior spooking, 'Tis hia voice I know so well; When I'm gono oh, don't bo wocping llrothorl hero's my last farewelll Spiritualism at Home. Rov. Mr. Johnson, a returned Baptist Mis. sionary from China, delivered discourso at the Charles Street Church, Boston, on Sun- day morning, upon tho past history, present condition and future prospects of China. In noticing their roligious belief, he said that spiritualiEin and the views o( Teodore Paiker and Ralph Waldo Emerson had been in vogue there for hundreds of years, and to this day mediums might be seen at almost every corner of the streets in Canton soliciting op. portunities to transmit communications to the spirit world. A Modest Requbst. When the Duke of Ormonde was made Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, in Queca Anne's reign, one of his friends applied to him for some preferment, adding that he was ly no means particular, and was willing to accept either a bishoprio, or a regiment of horse or Kings's Bench. Tbisi however, is surpassed by Iloraco Walpole's aneedote of a humane jailor in Oxfordshire, who made the following application to one of his condemned prisoners: "My good friend" I have a I. tile favor to ask of you, ' which, fioro your obliging disposition.'! I doubt not you will grant. You are ordered lor elocution cn lTiiday week. I have a particular engagement on that day; il it makes do difference to you, would you say next Friday li stead. i ' ' Kr "What la that?" asked a teacher of a little girl, pointing to the letter X.", V.Wby, that's papa's name; I've seen him wriie it eyef to many times." From the Cloveland Leader. United State's Court. Trial of llic Wclliwrtoii Slave . . Kesciie CiiMi'H. LANCISTON SENTENCED! Bis Eloquent Bpoech. Cleveland, May 12, 1859. Court Convened at 10 o'clock. The usual opening being passed and the crowded house stilled, the Court sked: Mr. Marshal, is the defendant Bushnoll in the house? Mr. Riddle Mr. Bushnel has been sen tenced, your Honor; perhaps your honor refers to jir. Langston. The Court An exchange of names only; yes sir, Mr. Lwgston was meant. Mr.Lang- ston, you will stand up, sir. Mr. Langston rose. The Court You also havo been tried, Mr, Langston, by a jury, and convicted of a vio lation of the criminal laws of the United States. Have you or your counsel anything to say why the sentence of the law should not now be pronounced upon you? Mr. Langston I am for the first time in my life before a Court of Justice, charged ith a violation of law, and am now abont to he sentenced. But before receiving that sen tence I propose te say one or two words in regard to the mitigation of that sentence, if it may 'be so construed. X cannot, of-course.and do cot expect that which I may say will in a'ny way change your predetermined line of action. I ask no such favor at your hands. I kniw that (h courts of this country, that the laws of this country, are so constituted as to oppress and outmgo colored men, men of my complexion. I cannot then, of course.ex-pect, judging Irom the past history of the country, any mercy from tho law3, from tho constitution, or from the Courts of the country.Soma days prior to the 12th of September, 1818, happening to be it Oberlin on a visit, I found the country tound about there, and the village itself filled with alarming rumors as to the fact that slave catchers, kidnnppers,ne-gro stealers were lying bidden and skulking about, waiting some opportunity to get their bloody bands on some helpless creature to drag him back or for the first time, into helpless and life-long bondage. The reports becoming current all over that neighborhood, old mon and women and innocent children became exceedingly alarmed for their safety. It was not uncommon to hear mother say that they dare not send their children to school, for fear they would bo caught up and carried off by the way. Some of these people had become free by Inng and patient toil at night, after working the long, long day for cruel masters, and thus at length getting mon ey enough to buy their liberty. Others had become frco by means of the good will of their masters. And there were others who had become freo to their everlasting honor I say it by the intensest exerciso of their own God-given power?; by escaping from the plantations of their masters, eluding the bloodthirsty patrols and sentinels so thickly scattered along their path, out-running bloodhounds and horse s, swimming rivers and fording swamps, and reaching at lost, through incredible difficulties, what they, in their delusion supposed to be frco soil. These three classes were in Oberlin, trembling alike for their safety, because they well knew their fate should those men-huntors get their hands on tbem. In the midst of such excitement, the 13th day of September was ushered in a day ever to be remembered in the history of that place, and ! presume no lesj in the history of this court on which those men by lying devices, decoyed into a place where they could get their hands on him but a mam brother, who had a right to his liberty under the laws of Ood, under the laws of Nature, and under the Declaration of American Independence. In the midst of all this excitement, th news came tot us like a flaih of lightning that an actual seizure under and by means of fraudulent pretences had been made. Being identified with that man by color, by race, by manhood, by sympat'ni s, such as God has implanted in us all, I felt it my duty to go and do what I could toward liberating him. I had been taught by my revolutionary fnthor and I say this with all due respect to him and by his honored associates, that the fundamental doctrine of this govotnmeat was that all men have a right to life and liberty, and coming from the Old ' Dominion I brought into Ohio these sentiments, deeply impressed upon my heart; I went to Wellington, and htaring from the parties themselves by what authority the boy was held in custo dy, I conceived from what little knowedge I had of law, that they bad no right to bold him. And as your honor has repeatedly laid down in this 'court, man is free until he is proven to be legally restrained of his liberty, and I Velieved that upon that prinoi pie of law those men were bound to take their prisoner belore the very first magistrate they found,' and there establish the faota set forth in their warrant, and that nntil they did, this, every mn should presume that their claim wis unfounded, and ; lo institute such pro ceedings (or the purpose of securing an Inves ligation as they might find warranted by the laws ol this State. 'N w air if that is not the plain, common sense end corre:t view of the law. then I hare been misled both bj your Honor, and by the prevalent received opinion. . ' It is said that they had warrant. Why then should they not establish its validity before the proper officers? And I Stand heie to day, sir, to say that with an exception of which I shall soon speak, In procure tuch a lawful inventigntion of the authority under which tltey claimed to act, wat the p irl I toiJc in that daifi proceedings, and the oidg part. I supposed it to be my duty as a citizen of Ohio excura mo for saying that, sir as an outlaw of the Unitei States, (anch sensation) to do what I could to secure at least this form of justice to my trotlier whose liberty was in peril. Whatever tnnrt than that has been sworn to on Otii trial, as ad of mint, is falsi, ridicu lonily false. When I found these n.en refusing to go, according to tho law, as I apprehend it, and suhject their rla'm to an official iiiRD. ction, and that nothing short of a habeas corpus would obligo such en inspection, I was willing to go even thus far, supposing in that oounty a sheriff might, perhaps be found with nerve enough to serve it. In this I again failed. Nothing then was left to mo, noth!ng to the boy in custody, but tho confirmation of my first beliof that the pretended authority was worthless, and the employment of those means of liberation which belong to us. With regard to the part I took in the forcible rescue, which followed I have nothing to say, further than I have already said. The evidence is before you,' It is alleged that I said "we will have him anyhow. " This I nkver aid I did say to Mr.Lowe, what I honestly believ ed to be the truth, that the crowd were very much excited, many of them averse to longer delay and bent upon a rescue at all hazards; and that he being an old acquaintance and friend of mine, I was anxious to extricate him from the aangorons position he occupied and therefore advised that he urge Jennings to give tho boy up. Further than this I did not say, either to him or any one else. The law under which I atn arraigned is an unjust one, one made to crush the colored man, and one that outrages every feeling o' humanity, as well as every rule of Right. I have nothing to do with its constitutionality: abont that I care but little. I have olten heard it said by learned and good men that it was unconstitutional; I remember the excite ment that prevailed throughout all the free Slates when it was passed; and I remember how often it has been said by individuals, conventions, communities nnd legislatures, that it never could be, never should be, and never was meant to he enforced. I had al ways believed until the contrary appeared in the actual institution of proceedings, that the provisions ol this odious statute would nev er be enforced within the hounds of this State. But I have anothor roason to offor why I should not ba sentenced, and one that I think pirtinent to the case. I have not had a, trial before a jury of my peers. The common laws of England and yon will excuse me for refer ring to that, since I am but a private citizen- was that every man should be tried before a jury of men occupying the same position in the social scale with himself. That lords should be tried before a jury of lords; that peers of the icalm should be tried before peers of the realm; vassals before vassals, and aliens before aliens, and they must not come from the district where the crime was com mitted, lost the prejudices of either personal friends or foes should affect the accused. Tho Constitution of the United States guar- aili'S not merely to its citizens, but to all versons a trial before an impartial jury. I have had no such trial. Th? colored man is oppressed by certain universal and deeply fixed prejudices. Those jurors are well known t havs shared largely in these prejudices, and I therefore consider that they were neither impartial nor were thoy a jury of my peers. And lbs prejudice which white people have against the colored men grow out of the facts, that wo have as a people consented for two hundred years to be slave of the whitos. We have been scourged' crushed and cruelly oppressed and have sub mitted to it all tamely, meekly, peaceably; I mean as people, and with raro individual exo ptions, and to-day you see us thus, meekly submitting to the penalties cf an in famous law. Now the Americans have this feeling, and it is an honorablo one, that they will respect those who will rebel at oppression, but despi) those who tamely submit ol outrage and wrong; and while our people as a people submit, they will as a people be de spised. Why, they will hardly meet on terms of equality with us In a whiskey shop, in a car, at a table, or even at tho altar of Ood. So thorough and hearty a contempt have they for those who will meekly tie still under the heel of the oppressor. The jury camo into the box with that feeling. They knew they had that feeling, and so tho Court knows now, and knew thon. The gentlemen who prose' cuted me, the Court itsclf.and even the ooun sol who defended me, have that feeling. I was tried by a jury who were prejudiced; before a court that was prejudiced; pro.ecu ted by an officer who was prejudiced, and de fended by an officer who was prejudiced, aud defended, though ably, by counsel (hat were prejudiced. And therelore it is, your lienor, that I urge by all that is good and great in manhood, that I should not be subjected to the pains and penalties of this oppressive law, when I have not been tried, either by a jury of my peers, or by a Jury that were impar tial. One m ire word, sir, and I have done. went to Wellington, knowing that colored men have no rights in the United State which white men are bound to respect; that tha Courts bad so deckled; that Corgress had enacted; that the people had so de creed. There is not spot in this wide country o it even by the altars of Gud, nor In the shadow of the shafts that Ml the Imperishable fame and glory of the heroes of the .Rev olution; no, nor in the old Philadelphia Hall, whore any colorod man may dare to ask s mercy of a white man. Let me stand in that Hall and tell aUnitud S'.ates Marshal that he, my father was a Revolutionary soldier; lhat served under Lafayette, and fought through the whole war, and that he fought for my free dom as much as for his own; and he would sneer at me, and clutch me with bis bloody fingers, and say be has a right to mako me a slave! And when I appeal to Congress, they say he has a right lo make me a slave; when I appeal to the people, they say he has a right to make me a slave, and when I appeal to your Honor, your Honor says he has a right to make me slave, and if any man, white or black, seeks an investigation of that claim they make thomselvt'S amenable to the pains and penalties of the Fugitive Slave Act, for BLACK MKV HAVK HO RIQHTS WUICU WHITE UEN ark bound to bkspect. (Great Applause.) f, going to Wellington with the full knowledge of alt this, knew if that man was taken t) Columbus he was hopelessly gone, no matter whether he bad ever been in slavery before cr not. I knew that if I was in the same situation myself, and that by the decision ot your Honor if any whatever were to claim me as his slave and scizo me, and my brother, being a lawyer, should seek to get out a writ of habeas corpus to expose (be falsity of the claim, he would be thrust into prison under one provision ol the Fugitive Slave. Law, for interfering with lie man claiming to be in pursuit of a fugitive, and I, by tho prejuilico of a solitary wretch, would by another of its provisions be helplessly doomed to life long bondage, without ttie possibility of escape. Some may say that there is nr. danger of free persons be ng seized and carried off as slaves, No one need labor under such a de lusion. Sir, four of the eight persons who were first carried back undor tho act of 1850 were afterwards proved to bs freemen. They wore froe persons, but wholly at the merey of the oath of one man. And but last Sabbath afternoon a fetter came to me from a gentle man in St. Louis, informing me that a young la'ly who was formorly under my instruction at Columbus, a free person, is now lying in the jail at that place, claimed as the slave of some wretch who never saw her before, and waiting for testimony from relatives at Columbus to establish her freedom. I could stand here by the hour and relate such instances. In the very nature of the case they must be constantly occurring. ' A letter was not long since found upon the person of a counterfeiter when arrested, addressed to him by some Southern gentleman, in which the writer says: "Go among the niggers, find o it their marks an J scars, .mikogood descriptions and send to me, and I'll find masters for em." This is the way nieu are carried "tack" to slavery. But in view of the facts, I say, that ifever again a man is seized near me, and is abont to be carried southward as a slave before ajy legal investigation has been had, I shall hold it to I e my duty as 1 held it that day, to se- curo for him if possible, a legal inquiry into the character of the claim by which be is held And I go further; I sny that if it is adjudged illegal to procure even such an investigation, then we are thrown back upon those last de fences of our rights which cannot be takjn from us, an J which God gave us that we need not be slaves. I ask your Honor, while I say thiH, to place yourself in my situation, and you will say with me, that if your brother, your friend, if your wife, if your child, had been seized by men who claimed them as fugitives, and the law cf the land forbado you to ask any investigation, and precluded the possibility of any legal protection or redress, then yu will say with mo. that you would not only demand the protection of the law, but you would call in your neighbors and your fi lends, and would ask them to ray with you, that these your friends uuld not be taken into slavery. And now I thank yna for this leniency, this indulgence, in giving a man unjustly condemned, by a tribunal before which he is declared to have no rights, the priiIegeof,spetk-jng in bis own behalf. I know that it will do nothing towards mitigating your sentence, but it is aprivil ge to be allowed lo speak, and I thank you for it, I shall submit to the penalty, bo it what it may. But I stand np here to say, tint if for doing what I did do on that day at Wellington, I am to go in jai' six months, and pay a Lie of a thousand dul-jars. according to tho Fugitivo Slave Law.ard guch is the protection! the laws that this country afford me, I must take upon mysell the responsibility of self protection; when I come to be claimed by some perjured wretch as his slave I shall nover bo taken into Slav-try. And as in tbat trying hour I would have others do to me, as I would call upon my friends to help me, as I would call upon you, your Honor to help me; as I would call upon you, (.to the District Attorney) to help me; and upon you, (to Judge Bliss,) and upon you, (to his courci',) an Mp me God! I stand hereto say that I will do all lean, for any man, thus sciiud and held, though th inevitable penalty of six months impugnment and one thousand dollars fine lor eachoffuose hangs over met We have all a common humanity, and you all would da that; your man hood would require it; and no matter what the law might be, you would honor youtstlf fur doing it, while your friends and your children to all generitk ns woild honor you f r doing it, and every good and honest man would say yon had done right (Great and prolong" ,1 applause, in spite or the efforts of Court and the marshal.) . , , "Lire and let live" it a good maxim. The Flower Girl. ' Let hnmblo merit learn from this, tbat p,i h much too poor a thing to purehao worth Tbat men of mind regard with fueling oold Hiir who oan boast no mor than gilded earti ' "Pray buy a nosegay of a poor orphan'." said a female voice, in a plaintive and melodious tone, as I was passing I be corner of a nar row street I turned hastily, and beheld a girl of fourteen, whose drapery, though rag ged, was clean, and whose form waa such ai a painter might have chosen for youthful Venus. Hr neck, without covering, wu white as snow; and her features, though not regularly beautiful, were interesting and art off by a transparent complexion; her eyes, dark and intelligent, Were shaded by loos ringlets of a raven black, and poured their sweetly implicating beams through' the silken shades of very lot g lashes. Oo one aro hung a basket full of roses, and lha other was vtretched out towards me with one of the rosebuds. I put my band into my pock-et, drew out some silver. "Tike this my pretty girl," said I, putting it into her's; "and may that God, who is the Father of tho fatherless, be the preserver of your excel lence and your virtue. Virtuous poverty il no crime." I was turning from her, when she sadden ly caught my withdrawing hand, and putting it to her lips, burst into a flood of tears. Tho action and the look which accompanied r, touched my soul; it melted to the artless gratitude of this poor flower girl, and a drop of sympathy fell from my cheek. "Fergirt me, sir," said she, recovering from her transport, while a sweet blush diffused itself ever ber lovely face; "my heart was full of wba it could not express; nature impelled me te so free an action. You will pardon the effoet it had on me, when I tell you they were the first kind words I hare beard since I lost alt that was dear to me on earth.". A sob interrupted her discourse; she stopped and wept silently; then raising up her face from the) hand on which she had laid it, "O. sir! I havo no father! no mother! no relation! Alas! I have no friend iu the world!" Choked with, her emotion, she wat silent for a moment be fore she could proceed. 'My only friend It God! on him I rely! I submit to hi will; I only pray that I may support with fortitede the miseries I am born to experience. To him, kind sir, this heart shall always pray for you. May that Gjd forever protect yowl" she added dropping a oourtsay. full of humili ty and native grace, as she retired. I re turned her bc.ieditction, and went on. "And can I thus leave this poor ereturt" said I, as I walked pensively on. ''Can I leave her forever, without amotion; what have I done for her,that can entitle me lo her prayers? Preserved ber a few days front death; but that is all! Aud hll I quit thee, fair fluwer, to see thee no wore? to be Mows) down by the rude blast of adversity! to b cropped bv some cruel spoiUrl to droop toy Lively head b net h the blight of tarly sorrow! No, thou hast been i eared on some happier bank; thou hast been nurtured by the sweet tears of maternal affection; thou haal once blushed beneath tho cheering sun of domestic content, and under it ihou shall bloom again." I turned as I spoke; my heart beat with its sweet purpose. I saw the bvautiful flower gill before mc; I approached; I caught her hand; the words of tiiumphaot virtu) hurst from my lips. . , "Come, thou lovety, deserted girl: come, a '. add one more to the lovely group whooal me father? Their borne shall be thine; thon t bait share their comforts; thoushalt be taught with them that virtue thoir father tries to practice!" She stopped me; her yes flashed with atrantic joy; she flung herself on ber knees before me, and hurst into a flood of rap-firous tears. I raised her in my arms; I hushed her eloquent gratitude; I led her to a home of happiness and pieiy. She loves their ftthcr, and the poor orphan Cower girl is th wife ol my son. From th Plain Dealer, July J. . Oberlin Cases Nollied Higher Law' Triumphant ( We learn with astonishment that the United 8tates District Attorney has nollied the indiotmenls against the Oberlin Rescuers now in jail on condition tbat the Oberlinitea wiltt nollio the indictments against the Kentucky witnesses who were under arreat on a truiu-: ped up charg of kidnapping. This arrange-, mcnt, we understand, has been made at tho solicitation of the four Kentucky gentlemen, ' who, while under recognisance of the Uniltd States Curirt to appear here and testify, iu these Kescu cases, were indicted by an Oberlin Lorain Jury, and arrested while in the discharge of their duties on a false charge . of kidnapping. ' They r thrust into tho Lorain County jail, bat were subsequently released on bail. A special terse of the Lorain County Cosrt was to be held on the titli ' Inst., to try them, and a Lorain County Jury . wat all in readiness to send them to purge to. . ry or lh Penitentiary without any rerd w the Constitutions, Courts, or the taws uf the ......... , A etTort was ad to fcvl tbrtn out of tho bands of the Oberlinitea bf a-writ of habeas ; corpus fxsued by Jodgs McLean.bot th sher- ' iff of Lorain bid himself for several days ana the frubate Judge ran away, W prevent tho ' ball from surrendering 'hi prtMer up, so ' tbsl the wilt could fake eflett, ndJ tn thU way nullified the Law and set at deffcaco llwt "Great Writ of Right" htch tnvai tame Oberlitltes hav resorted to, and havw bad the full Wmflt uf. cn two occiaiobt alnco ' theae arrests hav tt mad. ' 1 Finding no Law In Lorain Vat the Highrf ' Uw and Moing tb determinate, of &. Sheriff, JoOg isJJeiy to Uregofollt rnltl'ry tjy waj, fc j htm n,rd !
|Title||Mt. Vernon Republican (Mount Vernon, Ohio : 1854), 1859-07-19|
|Place||Mount Vernon (Ohio)|
|Date of Original||1859-07-19|
|Source||LCCN: sn84028554, Mt. Vernon Republican (Mount Vernon, Ohio : 1854), 1859-07-19, Vol. 5, No. 36|
|Submitting Institution||Knox County Public Library|
|Digitization Information||300dpi, 8-bit Grayscale, Model: NextScan Phoenix Upgrade, Software: iArchives, Inc., 3.240|
|Source||Reel number: 00000000001|
|Submitting Institution||Knox County Public Library|