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A YOLUME XXV. MOUNT YERNON, OHIO: TUESDAY, JULY 30, 1861. NUMBER 15. in " l 11 i JlK Vernon Sehioclrqiic $qwr tS PCBMSHEP KVKT TUESDAY MORNING, II Y t,. IIAUPEU. GScein WoodTard's Block, Third Story TKRMS Two Dollars per annum, payable in ad- Ysnee ; $2.50 within six months ; $3,00 after tho expiration of the year. iliflml! Eleven Hours Hard Fighting on Sunday! Secession Batteries Taken. REBELS DRIVEN BACK ! DrcadfUl Slaughter on llotli Sides! Wasuinotok, July 21. Gen. McDowell telegraphs that the enemy is completely routed from Bull's Hun and retreat-in towards Manassas, leaving behind their bat ttry and in posession of the Union forces. I The fighting commenced at 3 oVo k thi mor-t'.m and cantinued most desperately till after 'I 1. M. The rebels were driven back inch by inch. Our troops behaved tuost gallantly, and our uui were very effective. The whole fore of both sides is said to have been engaged, Geu. Jobusons having joined the rebels as previously Hated, making Gen. Beauregard's fierce about 70.000. It is believed the rebels will suffer greatly at Manassas for lack of water. The Herald's correspondent says : When I left the field of battle I saw the rebels flying in vMt numbers. The greatest enthusiasm prevails throughout our ranks. Jeff, Davis is understood to be at Manassas Jutictien. Col. Cowden'a Massach-ielts 1st Regiment were f.red on by rebel pickets several times as they slept on the road on their rm. The Times correspondent telegraphs at midnight on the 21st c The battle has ben one of the ereret e fought. Up to 2 'clock our troops had driven Vheneuiy a distance of nearly two miles, as the enemy fell back from one position to only auodn-r equally strong, and ut ach point fresh reraforcements were poured in tlmoat without limit a to number. There -can be tiou&t t ut at their force -was It least double out?. The Fire Zouaves were terribly cut up. While drawn up to make an atUrk thev were assailed by a concealed battery, with a strong support, on their flanks and they were forced to break. It h said that Col. Famham and Lieut. Col. John Creeies are killed, but it may not prove true ; Use latter at all events was severely wounded. Col. Hunter was wounded in the throat. Col. Slocum of the 2d R. I. and Capt. Towers f the 1st, are reported killed. Gov. Sprague had a horse shot under him. Victory Changed to Defeat!FEARFUL JVEWS ! Our Army Driven Back to Washington! The Wliolo Army Panic Stricken! Federal Loss from 2,500 to 3,000 ! A NATIONAL 01SA8TEK. GENERAL GLOOM IN THE ARMY ! Washington, July 22. Oar troops, after taking three batteries and Ruining a great victory eventually repulsed, and commenced a retreat on Washington. The re-treat was good order, with the rear well covered I a j;ood column. Our los is from 2,500 to 3,000. The fortifications around Washington are ilrotily reinforced by fresh troops. After the latest information was received from Ceiittfrville at 7:30 last night, a series of events "ok place in the intensest decree disastrous. Mny confused statements are prevalent, but QQHh is known to warrant the statement that a hare suffered in a decree which has cast a C'eom over the remants of the army, mid excited the deepest rnellanchoiy through Washington. The carnage was tremendously heay on both lidei. and on ours it is represented as frightful. We were advancing and taking their masked bat teries jrraually but surely, by drawing the ene t&T towards Manassas Junction, when the enemy etmsd to have been rcenforced by Gen. John-on, who, it "is understood, took command and immediately commenced driving us back, when a panic among our troops suddenly occurred, and a regular stampeJe took place. It is thought that Gen. McDowell undertook to to&ke a' stand at or about Centreville, but the panic was so fearful that the whole army became (Woulized, and it was impossible to check it 'ther t Centreville or at Fairfax Court House. Gen. McDowell intended to make another stand ' airfax Court Houte, but oar forces being in full retreat, could not accomplish the orj-ct. Beyond Fairfax Court House the retreat was kept P until the men reached their regular encamp-oentp, a portion of whom returned tathetn, but iti!l larger portion coming inside the intrench-cents.A large number of the troops ia their retreat H on the way side from exhaustion and scatter-&loa? the route all the way from Fairfax C. The road from Bull Hun was strewed with knapiacks, arms, Ac, some of our troops delib-riU3iy throwing away their guns and appurten ances. nTtVUcT t0 facilitate their travel, Gen. uowed wa, ;n x rear f)f lhe retrefll cxe exerting moaeii to rally his men, but only with partial ef. The Utter part of the army, it is said, made "ietr retreat jn order. His orders on the field J oot at all tiaica reach thoso for whom they e intended. supposed the force sent out against our P consisted, according to a prisoner's state-6Btf hout 30,000 men, including a largo Qaber of cavalry. He further says, that owitig a w rCennU from Kict,m0Q, Strasberg, il n?l Pinl lo enemy'g effectivo force was L'yyO men. According t0 the statement of two of the Fire ,KVe"' lLe7 have only about 200 men left from , , Uu2hter, while the 9th and other regiments "fhifully suffered in killed and wounded. The Griffin' and the Wet Toint batteries takn by the r iemy, and the eight eirge 32 FJtd rifled cannons. . I'jpposed that all the proviHion trains be-neing to the United States aro saved. Large 'Ovbg of cattl wer sv. I by tictng driven back. l t eoppcd hero to-dtj that Geo. Macefifcld will take command of the fortifications on the other side of the river, which we are able, it is said by military engineers, to hold against any force the enemy may bring against them. Large ritied cannon and mortars are being safely fent over and mounted. An officer just from Virginia, reports that the road from Centreville to the Potomac is strewed with stragglers. The troops are resuming the occupation of the fortifications and entrenchments on the line of the Potomac. Col. Hwiotzleraan was also wound-d in tho wrist. In addition to those reported yesterday, it ia said that Col. Wilcox, the gallant commander of a brigad 3, was killed ; alsoCapt. McCoolc, a brother of Col. McCook, of Ohio. The city this morning is in the roost intense excitement. Wagons are continually arriving, bringing in the dead and wounded. The feeling is awfully distressing. Both telegraph and steamboat communication is suspended tc-day to the public. The greatest alarm prevails through, out the city. The following is an account of the beginning of the pauic which resulted eodisastrounlj to our troops: All our operations went swimmingly, and Col. Alexander was about erecting a pon toon across Bull Run, when a terrific consterna tion broke out among the teamsters, who had incautiously advanced immediately after the body of the army and lined the Warrenton road. Their consternation was shared in by numerous civilians, who were on the grounds. 'Anderson and his whole army were in retreat. For a time a perfect panic prevailed, which communicated itself to the vicinity of Centreville, and every available conveyance was seized upon. Several similar alarms had occurred on previous occasions caused by a change of a portion of our batteries, and it was most probable that the alarm was owing to the same fact. SOUTHERN DISPATCH. Richmond, Va., July 22, ) Via New Orleans. ) The reports of the killed and wounded were so unreliable last night, owing to the confusion following the victory, that we refrained from men lioning them, fearful of giving pain to anxious hearts. Gen. Beauregard and staff are safe. Beauregard's horse was shot under him. Gen. Johnston commanded the left where the enemy raadft their fiercest attack. Jeff. Davis reached the field at noon and took command of the centre, where the left was pressed the severest. He disengaged a portion of the enemy's force and de cided the fortune of the day. No other reliable reports are received, but are hourly expected. Washington, July 22. No frars are felt by Government relative to tiae safety of the Capital. Gen. McDowell is now at the headquarters. Arlington Heights. The regiments composing, his division will resume their former positions sotne have already done so. A private dispatch via Baltimore says, careful examination leads to the belief that only about 300 were killed. The Connecticut regiments heietofoTe reported badly cut op have nearly all returned. First reports of decimating the 7 1st N. Y. and the Fire Zouaves is untrue. It is estimated that 22.000 of our troopa were engaged in battle yesterday td only 15,000 at any one time. The whole battle occurred withiu the radius of a mile. It i now thought the enemy left some of their batteries for tbe purpose of decojing our troop3 on. Sherman's battery, or the gr ater part of it, has returned to Washington. The reason of the eapture of other batteries was that the horses were 6hot. 500 of the enemy's cavalry have been seen since yesterday near Bull's Run bridge. Louisville, July 22. The Union men are rather depressed but very resolute since the reception of the news of the reverse to tho Federal army. The eefe88ioni8ts are rampant, but their inten ded manifestations are checked by the killing of Tompkiutf. Later from the Manasses Battle. FEDERAL LOSS ESTIMATED AT FROM 4.000 TO 5,000 MEN! The Ohio Hoys Protested Against Ileiiipr led hy Gen. Schenclt. Washington, July 22-Tha Rhode Island battery wa9 captured at the bridge across Bu'l's Run, where their retreat was cut off Their horses were all killed. It is reported that the Black norse cavalry made an attack on the rear of our retreating : rmy, when the remnant of the Fire Zouaves, turned and fired, killing all but six of them. The 71st New York lost about half their men. The foliowitag regiments were engaged in the fight. The First, Second and third Connecticut Regi ments, First Regiments of Regulars, composed of the First, Secoud and Third Companies, 250 mariners, the Eighth and Fourteenth New York militia, the First ar d Second Rhode Island, the Seventy-first New York, Secend New Hampshire, Fifth Massachusetts, First Michigan, Eleventh and Thirty-eight New York, Second and Fifth Maine, and the Second Vermont Regiments, besides the several batteries. The following is a partial list of the officers Killed and wounded : Killed Captain McCook and the Lieutenant Colonel of the Zouaves. Capt. Gordon, Company H, Eleventh Massachusetts. Col. Slocum, of the Twenty-second NeW York, Col. Wilcox, of the First Michigan. Wounded Col. Tompkins, of New York Second, Col. Farnhaui, of Fire Zouaves, Col. Hun ter, United States Army, Col. Corcoran, of the Sixtj-ninth New York, Col. Clark, of the Eleventh Massachusetts, Capt. Pickets of the artillery. It is vaguely reported that Gen. Patterson's division arrived in the vicinity of Manassas thi morning, and commenced an attack on the rebel forces. Ite was within 25 miles of the battle ground yesterday, but the exhausted condition of his men prevented hira from eomtng to McDowell's aid. It is reported that 4000 of our troops have been sent to Fairfax from the other Bide of the river. Lieut. Col. Fowler, of the N. Y. Hth woundedt Col. Lawrence, of the Massachusetts 5th, and Capt. Ellis, of the 71st N. Y., bsd'y wounded ; Farnham and Mj. Lozier, of the N. Y. Zouaves. It is probable that the number of killed and wounded is magnified by large numbers who are missing. The lowest estimate of (he killed and wounded may be placed at 4000 to 5000. It is represented in many quarters that the Ohio troops showed tho greatest consternation ; probably from tho want of confidence ia their commanding ofticers. It is known that on the day previous to the battle a large Lumber of the Ohio Regiments publicly protested against being led by Gen. Schenck, and it was really through the importunities of Col. McCook in whom they placed all confidence and other officers, that they were prevented from making a more formidable rebe. lion. It was known to cur troops yesterday that JehneoD bad formed a junction rub Utauregara on the night of the first action at Bull's Run. Our men could distinctly hear the cars coming in from Manassas Junction, and the cheers with which the confederates hailed their newly arriving comrades. They knew that the enemy was superior in numbers and in their position. This was further confirmed by prisoners taken, but these facts were probably unknown at Washington.Gen. Schenck, as well as the older field officers, acted admirably. He collected his forces and covered the retreat, and up to the last moment was personally engaged iu the endeavor to rally his men to make a stand at Centerville. It was the arrival of fresh reinforcements to the enemy in superior numbers, which turned the scale of battle. The enemy before now might, perhaps, have more to boast of if they had followed up their advantage last night. LATER. Washington, Jnly 22. The number of killed and wounded is gradu ally decreasing. C00 Zouaves have returned It is understood that Col. Wilcox, reported killed, is living, though badly wounded. Tho Cause of the Panic among our Troops. Special to Cleveland Leader. Washington, July 22. The following is supposed to be the cause of the disastrous retreat and panic among our troops yesterday at Manassas : The array wagons had been driven too near the enemy's lines, owing to some misdirection. Thoy were ordered to fall back to their proper position. Iu doing this, the drivers and such spectators of the battle as were near them, thought the order had been given to retreat, and Ued precipitately, in mauy cases cutting the horses looae and leaving the wagons in the road. A part of the soldiers took this for a retreat and fled. The panic spread uutil the army was nearly all involved. The wagons which had been left in the road, broke up the order of the ranks, and rendered it impossible to rally the men. It is reported that Lieut. Col. Nugent and Capt. Meagher of the New York 69th are among the killed. FURTHER f ARTICULARS. New Yokk, July 23. Commercial's dispatch : Major Harris left with a flag of truce to-day, to receive the body of Colonel Cameron. The Assistant Surgeon at the Centreville hospital, says the killed and wounded will uot exceed 600. Cr ntreville was occupied last night by the Virginia cavalry, and the scouts stretched to Fairfax. They were very industriously engaged in picking up knapsacks, canteens, &c, on the road. There is no prospect of the rebels advancing. The Government is hourly receiving offers of regiments, which are accepted. Misfortune has had no disheartening effects. Eighteen cannon were lost in the retreat. Capt. Gore, of Hartford, shot an Alabama Colonel, and captured five rebels. A private dispatch says that the 71st N. Y. Regiment had 75 killed, 100. wounded and 200 taken prisoners. Baltimore, July 23. A gentlemen from the valley of Virginia, says that Gen. Johnson left Winchester on Thurday noon, and reaceed Manassas during the battle, with 20,000 strong. It was confidently asserted at Winchester that Gen. Johnson was killed at Manassas. It is also rumored, but not certain that Gen. Jacksou wn killed. Messengers sent from Manassas, represent the army as in a starving condition, and all the produce in the neighborhood as being seized aid sent down. The suffering at Winchester wave ry great. From Washington. Washington, July 23. It is now well ascertained that the killed will fl! short of 1000. The rebels did not follow our retreating forcrs after they passed Bull's Run. Col. Erisleiu, of the Pennsylvania 24th Regiment, returned to the battle field about 11 o'clock Sunday night, and brought off six pieces of artillery, which he delivered to the commanding officer on the Potomac yesterday evening. He reports that the fit Id was clear and not an enemy ia sight. The President and Secretary of War are vigorously at work re-organizing a powerful army. Within the last six hours 6000 fresh men, with a number of batteries of artillery, have been accepted.A number of regiments hav arrived. Every day will bring immense reinforcements to the National Capitol. Ten new regiments will be in Baltimore by this evening. The response from every quarter has been rrost gratifying and truly patriotic. Capt. Tyler received a letter this morning from Cap. Gibson, of the Franklin Brigade, dated Centreville, asliug for horse fodder, from which it appears our troops are still there. Mr. Lincoln's Message An Unfortunate Expression. In the message of tha President tho following sentence occurs : 44 It is now for them to demonstrate to the world that those who can Jairly carry an election can also suppress a rebellion ; that ballots are the rightful and peaceful successors of bullets, and that when ballots have fairly and constitutionally decided, there can be no successful appeal back to bullets ; that there can be no sue cessful appeal except to ballots themselves, at succeeding elections." Commenting upon this the Boston Courier re marks : 44 The implication here certainly is, that the party which elected Mr. Lincoln is to suppress the rebellion! The indulgence of such an idea would be attended with the most disastrous consequences. The means and the uen raised for the support of the government have been furnished for the Uuion cause, and not to sustain any party dogmas. A very large proportion of the funds must have come from opponents of the Republican party there is reason to believe that a large majority of tho army did not vote on their side. Of the generals in command, McClellan, Cadwallader, Patterson, Butler, and we daresay others, are Democrats. Most of the officers of whom we know anything are either Democrats or of the Old Whig line. The Lieuteo;int-General is an old Whig, ten years ago the candidate for the Presidency of that party. Mr. Lincoln was himself chosen by about a third of the votes thrown in the election. His party could make no head against the rebellion." The Cincinnati Times (Republican) sayst " The. conduct of Cameron is disgusting. There is no honor in him, and he is disgracing the position he holds. He ought to be removed. He will harjg to the Cabinet as long as there s a dollar to steal, if he is not kicked out as ho ought to be." The Distances. Alexandria is six miles eonth of Ailiogton Heights j Fairfax C. II. is 14 miles west of Alexandria; Centerville is 7 miles west of Fairfax and Manassas Gap Junction is 7 milei west of Centerville aod the Janctio-rj. cmoaaiiclBamter EDITED BY L. HAItPEK. KB IS A f IBS MAS WHOM THE TRUTH MAKES FRET. B1QPKT ERIVO OlgfO; TUESDAY MORNING.. - JULY SO, 1861 GEN. GEO. W. MOEGAliT. Our Democratic exchanges from all parts of the State make favorable mention of onr suggestion of the name of Gen. Geo. W. Morgan as the Democratic candidate for Governor. We make a few extracts : For GovsrtNoft The Mt. Vernon Banner is out for the nomination of General George W. Morgan as the Democratic candidate for Governor. He b a goof mn aod would make a strong run Ilulmes Farmer. Gsn. G. W. MjROajt Tho Mount Vernon Banner propo-s the name of Gkn. George W. Mohoan, late U. S. Minister to Portugal, as a Democratic caudidate for Governor. We could most haartly support ihia gentleman who won for himself so enviable a fame in the war with Mex. ico, and whoso unquestiouel ability ai a diplomat retained him in hn position as Minister through two successive Administrations Seneca Advertiser. CSJT The Mt. Vernon B inner suggests Gen Geo. W. Morgan, as a caudidate for Governor. That would he a nomination fit to be made Coshocton Dtm. 'Tom-Foolery." Under this head, the Zanesvillo City Times, an independent paper, has the following pungent exposure: With the good and effectual work our army is doing, it is to be expected that there will also be some very farcial things enacted. Squads of soldiers going into farm houses in Virginia, frightening the women, taking the bus bands and sons prisoners on suspicion of being secessionists, aud carrying them from their homes to Columbus, there to take an oath of allegiance, and then be sed home, all at the expense of the Government, is one of these farcial things that ought to be discountenanced. A few days ago calling himself Lieutenant Free passed through Zacesville on a mission of this kind. He had been out, with a squad of tome twenty five men, on a scouting expedition in the neighborhood of Ravenswood, Va., went into a farm house, where he found several fright ened women, represented himself as a secession i sty and the women, fearful of encountering on enemy, declared themselves and their husbands to be sympathisers with secession, whereupon these twenty five soldiers were summoned from their ambuscade, v&tiently took four men from heir work in the fields, and ''Lieut. Free" and a posse of soldiers conveyed them as prisoners to Columbus, whet they will be discharged upon taking the oath of allegiance, and sent home again, at a cost to the government of about $1j0 001 A little investigation will show this whole thing, no doubt, to be the merest farce, and most probably prompted by a motive to proeure a little notoriety for the said Lieutenant. If reasonable grounds existed for suspecting the loyalty of these men, why not deal with them court martial at home, instead of carrying them as prisoners all the way to Columbus, Ohio? It is a profligate waste of the public money to thus expend it, and we certainly, at this time, have no money to squander. Instead, therefore, of glorifying Lieut. Free for this act, we think Gen. McClellan should have him court martialed. This is a single instance of this kind. 'We understand that there have been many others. Some of the alleged secessionists proved themselves to be without suspicion, aod all were dia charged upon a mere formal acknowledgement of loyalty, but in each case Uncle Sam was made to foot a heavv bill. Letters from Geo. Thompson. Geo. Thompson, the well known English abolitionist, writes to hii ''faithful friend aud brother," Wm. Lloyd Garrison, in terms of evident sati6 faction that civil war now rages in Amnrica, and expresses his deliberate conviction that 44lhe present struggle must end iu the downfall of slavery." He asks : "Will the armies. of New Eagland and the free West return, before they have planted the flag of personal freedom side by side with that of the Uuion, and decreed that slavery is for ever abolished in everv part of the national domain ? God forbid 1 The spirit of John Brown walks abroad 1 Being dead, he yet speaketh, and points with hadowy, finger lo Harper's Ferry aud Charlestown I Witness, in every company of every regiment forming the vast army of volunteers some few at least, who have vowed to fight not for the restoration of the Union alone, but for a Union without slavery a Union of free men of all colors, from Passamaqnoddy Bay to the Northern bank of the Rio Grande 1 Witness the re cent pregnant utterances of politicians, states men and editors, who deal with slavery as a gam grene that must be cut out ! Witness the altered tone of that recreant aud guilty church, which, till the roar of Charleston cannon was heard, and the stars and stripes succumbed to the black flag of secession, hugged the men-stealers 6f the South to its bosom, and, while it could net fellowship the Church of the Puritans on account of its Abolitionism, could break sacramental bread with traffickers in slaves aud the souls of men." Assertion vs. Fact. Lincoln in bis Message, makes the ridiculous assertion that the States derive their powers from, and are the mere ereatures of, the General Government. He declares that "no one of the States exce pt Texas ever was a Sovereignty." Now for the fact. Article second of the Articles of Confederation says : "Eich State retains it SOVEREIGNTY, Freedom, and Independence." Encouraging. Everywhere we hear of men who have hot heretofore aoted with the Democratic party, who now express their determination to vote with us hereafter. Most heartily do we welcome them to the ranks. There is no hope for the country, no safety for ourselvles, cf our children, but in the triumph of that good old party which"always carried the fUg and kept step to'the musio of the Union." Logan Gaz. gjgf The rac3 between Flora Temple, Ethan Allan aod Mate, yesterday, was won by Allen aud Mute. Throe strait heats. Time unprecedented 2:22-5, ';22, and 2:23$. Democratic Meeting at Freeman's. At the recent Democratic Meeting at the house of Asa Freeman's, in Harrison towasbip, the following resolutions were passed : ResiAvcd, That in our opinion the first cause of tho great national calamity which has befallen us, can bo attributed only to the doctrines advo cated by the enemies of the Democratic party, and thai the course pursued by the present Ad ministration shows conclusively that the Republican party is entirely incompetent to administer the affairs of the Government. Resolved, That we instruct our Representative in Congress to use his best endeavors to settle the present difficulty by accepting the Crittenden amendment, or, any other proposition, which will give to each section its just tights-nothing ess, or nothing more. Besolred, That it is the .sense of this meeting that the moat speedy manner by which the present difficulty ran be adjusted is by the Democratic people that in view of that fact wt are in favor of a national Convention of the whole Union. fiesoloed, That we have no faith in the ability of (he present Congress, to bring about a Compromise. . Resolved, That we earnestly desire the per petuation of the Union of these States ; but in the language of the lamented Stephen A. Doug-Ian, we believe that " war is disuuion," and thai if the Union be continued, it must be upon the principle on which it was formed, vix. the voluntary consent of its members , that any other mode is subversive of the principles of self government and hence, in order to restore this U.iiou, the first requisite is peace to the end that all questions may be settled, not despotically, by the sword, but voluntarily by freo consent of the American people. Resolved, That the present alarming and de-peplorable condition of our country has arisen mainly from the exerciee of uncsnstitutional powers by the present Chief Magistrate, who has not hesitated to inaugurate a war, to enlist a large standing army, to increase the navy, to seize private papers, to deny citizens the right to bear arms, and to suspend the writ of habeas corpus, all of which acts are in direct vioiatiou of Art. 1. sec. 8 and 9 of the Constitution of the United .States and of the Amendments thereto, Art. II and Art. IV. ; Resolved, That the enormous expenses of the present war will seriously butden our people ; that a stauding army is dangerous to the safety of the citizens that its expense ii drawn from the toil of the agricultural aud working classes, that the Morill Tariff is simply a part of the machinery of monarchy to enrich the few at the expense of the many, and that we enter our firm and earnest protest against all of these measures as opposed to the principles of trur Democracy and destructive to the liberties and material interest of the people of the Northern States. Resolved. That the Republican party has proved that all it? pretensions of devoting to "freedom, free speech and free discussion," were simply cloaks to conceal their real enmity to liberty and the constitutional guarantees of citizens, and that the attempt to muzzle the Democratic press by mobs and terrorism, to prevent otixe&s from expressing their honest opinions, calls for and deserves the sternest condemnation of every true friend of law, order, liberty and the 'Inalienable rights of man, . Sentiment or a Democratic "Traitor I" Eloquent Conclusion of a Speech ! The Hon. Daniel S. Dickinson, of New York in a recent speech gave vent to the patriotic feel ings that animates the spirits of the Democracy. We do not know a Democrat that does not fully endorse, in sentiment and in act, the bunring words of this old and veteran Democrat: Shall we then surrender to turbulence and fac tion, and rebellion, and give up the Union with all its elements of good, all its holy memories, all its hallowed associations, all its blood-bought history 7 ''No! let the eagle change his plume. The leaf its hue, the flower its bloom;" But do bot give up the Union. Preserve it to "flourish in immortal youth," until it is disolved amid the "wreck of matter and the crash o.f worlds." Let the patriot aud statesman stand by it to the last, whether assailed by foreign or domestic foes, and if he perishes in the conflict, let him fall like Rienzi, the last of the Tribunes, upon the same stand where he has preached lib erty and equality to his countrymen. Preserve it iu the name of the Fathers of the Revolution preserve it for its great elements of good preserve it in the sacred name of liberty preserve it for the faithful and devoted lovers of the Constitution in the rebellious States those hwho are persecuted for its support, and are dy ing in its defense. Rebellion can lay down its arms to Government Government Cannot surrender to rebellion. Give up the Union 1 "this fair and fertile plain to batten on that moor." Divide the Atlantic, so that its tides shall beat in sections, that some spurious Neptune may ruh an ocean of his own! Draw a line upon the sun's disc, that it may cast its beams upon earth in divisions 1 Let tt moon, like Bottom in the play, show but half its facet Separate the constellation of the PleiadeB and sunder the bands of Orion I but retain the Uuion. Give up the Union, with its glorious flag, its stars and stripes, full of proud and pleasing, and honorable recollections, for the spurious invention with no antecedents but the history of a violated constitution and of lawless ambition 7 No! let us stand by the emblem of our fathers, Flag of the free hearts' hope aod home, By angel hands to valor given, Thy stars have lit th welkin dome And all thy hues were born in Heaven." Ask the Christian to exchange the cross with the cherished memories of a Savior's love, for the erescent of the impostor, or to address hi prayers to the Juggernaut or Josh instead of the living and true God ! but sustain the emblem your fathers Uved and cherished. Give up the Union ? Never! The Union shill endure, and its praise shall be heard when its friends and it foes, those who support and those who assail, those who bare their bosoms in its defence, and those who aim their daggers at its heart, shall all sleep in the dust together; Its name shall be heard with veneration among the roar of Pacific' waves, away upon the rivers of the North and Eat, where liberty is divided from monarchy, and be wafted in gentle breezes upon the Rio Grande. It shall rustle in the harvest, and wave in ihe standing corn, on the extended prairies of the West, and be heard in the bleating folds and lowing herds open a thousand hills, tt shall be with those who delve in mines, and shall hum in the manufactories of New England, and in the cotton gins of the South. It shall be proclaimed by the stars and stripes in every sea of earth, as the American Union, one and indivisible upon the great thoroughfares wherever steam drives and engines throb, and shriek, its greatness and perpetuity shall be hailed with gladness. It shall be lisped in the earliest words, and ring in the merry voices of childhood, and swell to heav. eo open the song of maidens. Il shall lire in the stern resolve of manhood, and rite to the rasrey seat upon woman's gentle availing prayer. Holy men shall invoke its perpetuity at the altars of religion, snd it shall be whispered in the last ascents of expiring age; Thus shall survive and be perpetuated the American tJnioh, and when it shall be proclaimed that time shall be no more, and the curtain shall fall, and the good shall be gathered to a more perfect Uuion Still, may the destiny of our dear land realise the conception, thai "Perfumes as of Eden fiowed sweetly along, , And a voice, as of Angels, enchanting by song, v Columbia, Columbia, to glory arise. The Queen of the World, and the child of the skies." fiei?n of Terror in New ITork HUNGER 117 THE METKOPOLIS. TFlvcvg and Children or Volunteers Starving i Procession of Women. ' , From Mt AT. Y.-Expreti.) This morning, about 9 o'clock, a large number of women assembled in front of No. 14 Fourth Avenue, the main distribution office of the Union Defence Committee, of receiving some assistance from that body. It seems that some misinformed or malicious person, caused a notice to be pub lished, that the Committee would again distribute money commencing this morning. When the females found that tbey had been deceived, quite a commotion occurred. Iu all languages the U. C. I., received chastismeut some were iu favor of hanging all the "aristocrats" who had led their men away to fight while the "dandle" remained at home, others proposed ' the immediate destruction of the distributing office, and finally, a motion to adjourn to the City Hall prevailed, by a vote quite unr.nimous. Two by two, the women, some having babies in their arms, while others carried baskets marched down the Buwery to the City Hall. The officials reviewed this petticoat demonstration with evident alarm, while several tinseled officers, were scowled at so fiercely that they beat an ignomiuious retreat. The procession then inarched iato the Mayor's office, while the clerks gazed upon the unusual sight with an astoniahment bordering on the ludicrous. A loud cry for 'the Mayor" went up from the throng, bat the women were informed that his II oil or was uot in, and so could say nothing to them. At this point a widow named Mahon, whose son had enlisted in the Moztrt Regimsat, said that he would not have gone had he not been promised that his molher should receive $2 a week. She had had nothing to eat since Saturday, and she would not beg, even though she died. AuotLer womao, quite respectable in appearance, whose husband was at Fortress Monroe had an infant in her arms, and said that she could do without food herself, but the child must have something, even, added she, with almost with fierce energy, if she had to steal it. Still others cried out that thty were starving, and that if food were cot forthcoming doath must ensue. A eraall, pale looking female, threatened to drown herself aod child, beoause of the privation they were suffering, and for a time there ws a perfect Babel. At last a clerk referred them to the office of the Union Defence Committee, telling them they would meet the managers there, and get full information from them personally. The idea was immediately acted upon, and in a moment one hundred and fifty women were on their way to the rooms of tho Committee in Pine street. On the route down they were followed by a large crowd, who listened, soma with astonish ment, others with pity, to the tales of, woe told iy thtt poor applicants for relief promised but not forthcoming. When the procession reached the Committee's Headquarters, the members gazed upon the tcene with feelings of anything but pleasure. They knew very well that the women were in want, and that t ie? had no means of relieving them, so it was determined that Gen. Wetmore should ex plain matters. The crowd rushed up stairs, and in a moment the ante-room was thronged and the cry went, ''We are starving 1" "We want money !" "There is none here," replied the clerk "Then it should not have been promised,' said one woman. Had my boy known this he would never have deserterted roe to fiht for an ungrate ful set of aristocrats. You've got him away now, and intend, I suppose, to let us starve." . This speech was endorsed br the throng, some of whom demanded a hearing before the Commit tee. - ; ' . . General Wetmore here made his appearance, ard said that he regretted extremely thercshould have been any mijunderstanding. ' There was no money for them, but some gentlemen were now engaged in a laudable effort to raise some; -They should remain quiet for a day or two. atid there would doubtless be plenty of relief. Let them eo home, like good people, and they would soon be cared for. An Irih woman here emphatically declared that she would not go home, but would stay there and force them to give her something to eat. They wouldn't dare to let her starve under their very eyes. Several determined to stand by the Irish wo man. At this point, a woman proposed that a female regiment should be raised. 4Arrah, What for ?" asked a specimen of the grsen isle. "To teach these philanthropists here that women are not cowards. If they have not money for ns, let them give ns work. That's all we ask." Thus the talk was ktpt up until we go to press with this edition. It i quite evident that there is much suffering among thesa unfortunate fe-males, and unless something be done for them without dlay, it is quite likely that the people of 'his city will be ashamed by hearing of serious results. A ilathematicar Question. "In plain words there is no real crisis except an artificial one." So said Abraham Lincoln in his Speech at Pittsburg, on the 15lh of February lst, when on his way to be inaugurated President of the United States. "It is now recommended that yon give the le. gal means for making the contest short and de. cisive ; that you place At the control of the Government for the work at least 4000t)0 inen and $400,000,000." Lincoln Message, If it requires "400,000 men and $400,000,000" to crush out an "artificial crisis' how many men, and how much money will be required to crush out a "real' one 1 JDayton Empire. The Louisville Courier says t " In all, three hundred and sixty thousand troops thus far have offered their services to the Confederate States to engage in the war against Lincolq." , gf There are fiftyfoor sick soldiers in tbe Military Hospital in Colombo, and about as many at Bellair. sttfopsis or JEFF. DAVISVINArGtJItAaV New Orleaks, July 20. Jeff. Etavis' Inaugural calls Attention to the causes which formed the CoufeJeracy, and caya' it is now nly necessary to call attention fo such facts as have occurred during the recess, and to matter in connection with the public defeime.-'- Ho congratulates Congress on the secessions to the Confederacy of the free and equal sovereign States, ..mentioning several States and pavs it was) deemed advisable 10 remove "he several departments and archives to Richmond, to which plao Congress has already been removed, aa the seal of Government After the adjournment of Congress, the aggressive movements of the enemy required prompt and energetic action. The accumulation of the enemy's forrp on the Potomac, sufficiently demonstrates that his fforts are directed against Virginia, and from no point could measures for her defend and protection be soef-fectually directed as from his own Capitol. The rapid progress of the past few months baa stripped the veil behind which ihe true poliey and purposes of the Lincoln Government was was previously concealed, but which are now fully revealed. The message of their President, ana the action of their Congress at the present session, confesses the intention .f ru1 jogaving the seceding Stales by war, the fully of which ts equalled only by its wi kedneag j a war by whick it is impossible to attain the proposed result, whilst its dire calamities cannot be avoided by us, will fall with double severity on themselves. Commencing in March last with an affectation cf ig norance of the session of the seven 3ates which organized the Confederate "Government, and per sisting in April in the absurd assumption of tho existehce of riot which was to be dispersed by a posse corxntatus. Representations that thesfe States intended an offensive war in spite of cc in clusive evidence to the contrary, furnishes an well by the official action of the President of the United States that he and his advisers have suc ceeded in deceiving the people of these States ir. to the belief that the purpose of this Government is not peace at home, but conquest abroad ; not tha defense of our liberties, put the subversion of the people of the Urnted StaUs. Fortunately for the truth of history, Lincoln's messsgw minutely details the attempt to re in force Ft. Pickens, in vioiatiou of the armistice of which he cjnfvsses that he ban teen informed only by rumors to vaeu aud uncertain to creata attention. The hostile expedition dispatched to sup ply Ft. Sum'.er h ad-.uiMed to h-ivc been undertaken with the kuowlfdge that its success was impossible. The sending of a notice to the Governor of South Carolina of the iuteution to os force to accomplish the object quote"' from in his Inaugural, that w there will be no conflict uulesi these States were the agrepsors." He proceeds to declare that his conduct in the past as well as for the future was in performance of this promise which could not be misunderstood. He charges these Slates with being the assailants of the Union and states that the world cannot misunderstand this u-founded pretence. Lincoln proposes to make the contest sharp and decisive and confesses that even an increased force is required. These enormous preparations are distinct avowel that the United States are engaged with a great and powerful nation, and they are compelled to abandon the pretence of dispersing rioters and suppressing insurrection, and are driven to tha acknowledgement that the Union is dissolved. They reeygniz the separate existence of the Confederate States by the interdiction of an embargo and bloc kade, by which all commerce between the tw U cut off. He repudibtes the foolish idea that the inhabitants of the Confederacy are citizens of the Uni ted States, for they are now waging an indiscriminate war upon them with a savage ferocity unknown to modern civilization. He comparet the present invasion to that of Great Britain ia 1781, which was conducted in a more civilized manner. Mankind idniider at the outrages committed on defenceless females, who depict their horror at the deliberate malignity which under the pretext of suppressing insurrection, they make special war on sick women and children, by carefully devised measures to prevent their obtaining medicines necessary for their care. Sli SoHs of qgr3pi)3. A letter from Jeddosays; Not long sine the murderers of a prince were boiled todathia a large kettle. . . . Mr. Bonner, of the New York edge,' presented Mr. Everett, on ihe 4ih of July with a check for $1,000, to be given to the families of the Massachusetts volunteers The Lafayette (Indiana) Journal of the 15th iust., says considerable corn, is coming in, and finds ready sale at sixteen cents at warehouses and seventeen at the distilleries. Carthage, the scene of the 1st' battle ia Missouri, is in the extreme eouthwestern corner of the State, only fifty miles fro rn the Atkansai line. ti& WillardV tlolel at Washington Las twta leased at $30,000 per annum to the former pro prietor of the Girard ncu!i, Philadelphia. Jt" A lady in Rochester ent a dress to a dyer wi h instructions to dye it some color that would not run. The patriotic dyer returned the dress covered all over with the colors of th American Uniojl. Miss Aujusta Evans, of Mobi'e, the author of B-uilah, is now in the Southern camp at Norfolk, administering to the comforts of be friends. jCSP- The President in rrply to a resolution o the Hou.se calling for the correspondence touching the annexation of the Dominican Republio to Spaing has replied it is not deemed advisable to communicate It at this time. lyWilke8 Spirit of the Times nays a match U likely to ue made up between Heenan and Mace who now holds the belt of EngJaud, bar ing conquered Hurst in a late fiht. tST" The story that the Secretary of the Navy bad forbidden the enlistment of any but native citizens as landsmen iu tbs Navy is authoritatively contradicted, gT The larjre estate of Mr. Don "las at Chicago is encambered to tho amount $300,000--ona mortgage of $60,000 beiog hu!d by Fernando Wot-d. ZgF A Text for Political Preachers. -" When the wicked rule, the people mourn." S-The correspondent of tho N. Y. Timia writes from Washington : "There is a compromise sentiment in the Cabinet and the army.' It is about time 1 y Satan Reproving Sin. Gov. Dcnnisoa reprimanding Ohio volunteers for taking chicV-ens and eatables from the rebels ! , 1ST Congress has expelled John B. Clark, member from 3rd district in Missouri, on acccanl kof btyi-agir arms against iti :tf. B.
|Title||Mt. Vernon Democratic banner (Mount Vernon, Ohio : 1853), 1861-07-30|
|Place||Mount Vernon (Ohio)|
|Date of Original||1861-07-30|
|Source||LCCN: sn86079142, Mt. Vernon Democratic banner (Mount Vernon, Ohio : 1853), 1861-07-30, Vol. 25, No. 15|
|Submitting Institution||Knox County Public Library|
|Digitization Information||300dpi, 8-bit Grayscale, Model: NextScan Phoenix Upgrade, Software: iArchives, Inc., 3.240|
|Source||Reel number: 00000000003|
|Submitting Institution||Knox County Public Library|