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No More Lost Motorists! Council Votes for Street Signs py^Z?~rCr;SZ&:' "* Sife£ Science and Education The graduates of schools and colleges have been hearing wise advice from baccalaureate sermons, commencement orators, etc. While some of these young people feel they have had more advice than they can absorb, the time when they start their journey into undiscovered country is one when even a sophisticated youth is apt to listen. One suggestion frequently given is that education in science is not enough by itself. The youth and the country need to know what that science is to be used for. Germany has done wonders in giving scientific education, but that science is being used to reduce whole countries to servitude, to terrorize innocent people, to send women and children to premature graves, and to frighten the whole world. Science is a wonderful instrument. It offers the young m,an of today perhaps the best chance for material success.- The scientific man is surer of a job than anybody else. The world simply has" to have his technique. If that science simply supplies material things, it may not supply that sentiment of fraternity and kindness and justice which the world so terribly needs. Young people need training that shall develop moral standards, and also show thenations how they can live together in peace. The world is being torn to pieces by conflict between nations and between classes and elements in society. The human race has made marvelous advances in technical science, but in the great science of human relations, in justice, humanity and generosity, it m)akes slow progress. It is not easy to change young people's ideals. You can teach them science out of- books and lectures, but it takes something more than bouk ^ co persuade them to be generous and unselfish and fair. "The crudest form of civilization is that of "anarchy": each man for himself, with no regard for the interests of the community. We sometimes speak of a simple form of government, but the "simplest" form of government is that of the despot, whose word is law and who carries out his will regardless of the wishes of the people; and despotism may have its seat in an institution asi well as in a man. A democratic form- of government, that is, a government for the people and by the people, is the most complex in its nature, because not only must the interests of the individual be considered, but the interests of the entire community. It quite naturally follows thatl the larger the number of people concerned, the more difficult becomes the administration of law which shall be just and fair to all men. Thus, according to law, an individual man may not do as he pleases even with his own property. For instance, he may not burn down his own house, because the burning of that property may set fire to the property of his next-door neighbor. No man may do with his own children as he pleases. In every enlightened state he must send them to school in order to acquire the education which our present-day civilization demands of its citizens. A Democracy is the rule of the many.for the good of all—and a democratic government has the right to demand that its citizens so conduct their lives that they bring no harm to any other citizen. Free discussion, free decisions <tnd, when the wiirof the majority has been expressed, a unity of spirit and support of the government thus created—that is Democracy. Our Spirit of Cooperation We all want to have a share in helping make America strong. We know the brunt of the burden must fall on Industry which is turning out planes and ships and guns and tanks and ammunition. But we women ... we housekeeping women who have no active part in Industry want to do something too. Each time the paper comes, each time we turn on the radio and hear more of the things that make us realize it is vital that America becomes invincible, we think again about our part in this great defense effort. Being women, one of the things we naturally think of is conserving. A number of women have asked me about saving—tin cans and aluminum pots and pans which might be collected and used in the manufacture of defense materials. The spirit behind such an offer of cooperation is splendid. It's the kind of spirit needed in this country today if we are to be united, as we must be, in the face of danger. But so far there is no need for this program of saving. Of course there may be fewer new utensils of certain types for some time to come, and substitutes may be employed in the making of various household articles such as refrigerators arid vacuum cleaners and thermometers. Manufacturers are working on a substitute for tin cans. But there's no indication so far that the -aluminum or tin we could save at home would mjake enough difference to defense production to be worth the effort of collection. For instance, it would take 60,000 coffee percolators to furnish enough aluminum for just one bomber! ..'".. But let's keep that spirit of cooperation alive. There's the real contribution that we women can make in these days of intense activity, as our husbands and sons become, -in a sense, swallowed up in the huge magnitude of our total national effort. After a while they may not be able to "see the woods for the trees.'j Then, as W. L. Batt of the Office of Production Management says .. . "Is it not for you, the women of America^ to keep defense a living issue in the home; tainake of each uncertainty,, each dislocation which reaches ,intp;^the life of the family, ;not an annoyance but rather a ,tamg)Me;iymboLof participation in the;common and wortKr j*Wple3efl^&^ • ~:-,*v .wf3■"'u~.""»^"■**■»T-«^^.l^•■*!•'».•'^Jir'^ . _W:^tVf^H™i^.^J^Bii?*!i;ft.^ * " ^ *-» ~"U-~Z~~:*^v-rr- <ZZt''srtf ■"£**&**&''' **"'-' "-_*", NORTH CANTON, STARK COUNTY, OHIO, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 25, 1941 $1.50 PER YEAR Bewildered motorists in North. Canton are at last going to get a break as far as finding their destination goes. -. Those auto drivers who have spent countless minutes and hours hunting for some street which natives insist is there but which they never seem to be able to find will cheer loudly when they learn that village council has approved action to get street signs to mark those streets that are at the present Zion Reformed Picnic Friday at Hoover Camp Program of Contests, Races 'and Ball Games to Start at 5:30; Supper Served at 6:30 A program for both youth and adults has been planned for the annual Sunday school picnic of Zion Reformed church to be held Friday afternoon and evening at Hoover Camp. No formal program has been planned for the afternoon but the program of games and contests will start promptly at 5:30 when the youngsters will participate in races and contests. At the same time, in another part of the camp the Junior Men of the church will vie with the Young People's department for the title of champs in the soft ball game. A ham supper will be served at 6:30 o'clock after the ball games and races have sharpened keen appetites. Each person is to bring his own silverware and cups but plates will be furnished. The. various dishes for the meal will be furnished by the classes in order to assure a well balanced and ample meal for the several' hundred persons who are expected to attend' thepicnic. Ward Mathie is general chairman ofythe program, assisted by Mayor/Guy Price. Yale Strausser is. in charge-.of-sports and Albert Baab head of the table committee; Members.of the Naomi class will serve the meal. Drivers Fined in Court Total Fines for Traffic Violations in Week $324 Drivers who appeared in thei mayor's court during the week of June 18 for traffic violations were Francis Robert Lhota of Canton, "William George Seffern of Akron, Gradv Homer Daniels of Uniontown, "William; Crisp of Hudson, Rudolph Leonard Schuster of Canton, Fred Kuntz of Canton, Ralph A. Hanks of Cleveland, Paul Allen Wayne of Canton, John Anthony Briner of Massillon, Martin Barson of Canton, Clayton Sar- geant of Cincinnati, Ernest James Hudson of Cuvahoga Falls, Harry Edwards Boyd of Canton, Blake Elwin Schultz of Louisville, John Edward Terry of Canton, George A. Cordea of Akron, Walter H. Fuehr of Canton and Wayne Paul McCollum of Canton. Most of the charges were reckless driving and total fines were $324. o Car Hits Pole time just nameless roadways to unknowing drivers. No more of this business of driving up and down the street looking for a place in disguise or a" place that might rightfully be called the unknown avenue. -From now on Main street will be Main street according to the sign and all those little highways and byways are going to have their own marker to tell Mr. Motorist that that is the place he is hunting for. Huff Appointed i Junior Deputy New Officer Served on Force for Ten Years Previously Ray Huff has been appointed Junior Deputy sheriff by Mayor Guy Price, with the approval of village council, effective Saturday, June 21, when he first assumed his duties. His appointment again completes the police force of three officers, which has for the past two weeks been managed by two police officers, following the resignation of Officer Robert Hirt and Marshal Ray Bachtel. Huff has served on the North Canton police force previous to the present time. He first became a member of it in April, 1927 and served first as a night policeman, then a deputy marshal until February of 1936 when the force was cut because of financial matters. o Fire Destroys Contents of Small Building Blaze Starts in Mattress With Fosnight Family Away Fire of undetermined origin broke out in a small play house at the rear of the Ford Fosnight home on Portage St. completely gutting the interior of the building. At the time of the fire none of the members of the Fosnight family were at home and neighbors sammoned the fire department. Earlier in the afternoon a neighbor had extinguished a small blaze in a mattress in the building. Whether it was put out completely and another, fire started or whethei- the same fire started again is not known but between 7:30 and S o'clock in the evening another neighbor coming home saw the second blaze. The fire department was called and put it out. Among the contents destroyed were a mattress, some boxes, a small desk and some springs. Divers Try to Raise Sunken 0-9 Dorothy Waltenbaugh Married in Garden Service Saturday OFF PORTSMOUTH, N. H.—The crack divers of the U. S. Navy are shown starting the descent to try and establish lines to the sunken submarine 0-9 that, went down in 440 feet of water with 33 officers and men aboard. After many perilous attempts, it wasi decided to give up salvage operations. Children's Day at Zion Lutheran Church Matinee Shows Play to Be Given Following Sunday-School Hour Children's day-program will be held at Zion Lutheran church Sunday morning following the regular Sunday-school hour. The program will be a play, entitled "God's Family." Those taking part include Zelma Marker, June Arter, Helen Richards, Ruth Snyder, Tommy Mollett, Paul Himes, Anna Jane Danner, James Danner, Sara Lynn Danner, Reba Mae Givler, David Mohler, Dorothy and Billy Cobb. Tlie Junior choir will give music selections in the production. There will be no regular church service because of the program presnted by the children. o Mrs. Dyer Hostess to Altruistic Club Mrs. Minnie Dyer was hostess to the Altruistic club last Thursday at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Robert Derringer at Willowbrook. Dinner was served at noon and the table was decorated with pink roses. The business meeting followed the dinner after which the """■•ogram, was held. .-. A treasure hunt was held "outdoors and Mrs. John Surbey found the-prize. The next meeting of the club will be held next month at the home of Mrs. Mayme Kern in Canton. Guests at the meeting were Mrs. Alma Snyder, Mrs. Lena Gill, Mrs. Shroyer and Mrs. H. Baughman. The North Canton Park theater will give a set of Constance Bennett's Cosmetics beginning Friday evening, June 27 to ladies _who patronize the theater each Friday evening. They will receive one article each Friday evening. The theater management also announces that there will be a matinee performance on Friday, July 4 as well as on Saturday. Guild Accepts Dress Designed By Co-ed Article to Be Sold With Name of Designer Attached Her studies in art and textiles at Lake Erie college brought a reward to Miss to Peggy Duff re cently when a dress design which she sub mitted was &e- cepted by the Campus Originals Guild of New York. The guild is an organization for encouraging student talent in the dress designing field and bringing college fashions more generally to the attention of clothing manufacturers. . Miss Duff will receive a copy of the article'when it is manufactured. All articles accepted for manufacture are sold with the name of the designer attached, Couple to Be at Home on S. Main After Short Trip The wedding of Miss Dorothy Waltenbaugh, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Walter Waltenbaugh of Woodrow Ave. and Homer C. Norris of Magnolia took place Saturday at 1:30 p. m. in the garden of their home. Rev. M. E. Beck, pastor of Zion Reformed church, officiated. The bride, given in marriage by her father, was charming in a white frock of brocaded mouseline de soie made with a very full skirt, puffed sleeves and a fitted bodice. She wore a sweetheart shaped bridal bonnet with streamers and carried a bridal bouquet of gardenias and swansonia. Her only attendant was her sister, Miss Louise Waltenbaugh who wore a gown of pale pink marquisette made in the same fashion as the bride's dress. She wore roses in her hair and carried a bouquet of pink roses and delphinium. William Harrison was the best man and the ushers were Carl Waltenbaugh, brother of the bride and Merlin Norris, brother of the bridegroom. After the ceremony a reception was held for the bridal party and relatives and close "friends of the family. Mr. and Mrs. Norris will be at home at 716 S. Main after a .short wedding trip. Mrs. Norris was a teacher in Louisville high school. Mr. Morris is with the Timken Roller Bearing Co. Out of town guests at the wedding were Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Hasson, Mrs. Frank Stanish and son and Mrs. Elizabeth Heinz, all of Pittsburgh. o Farm Women Picnic at Hoover Camp Tuesday Legionaires Plan Annual Festival for Saturday Committee Chairmen Make Final Arrangements for Evening of Fun and Entertainment Talks on Art and Politics Given at Annual Social The Federation of Farm Women's clubs in Stark .county held Jheir annual picnic meeting Tuesday afternoon at Hoover Camp with members of the Edgefield club serving as hostesses., One hundred thirty-nine members were present for the dinner which-^ras served at noon. Following the meal a short business meeting was held with each club answering roll call by naming the v'/^*|U8rthiRgs farm women do. Talks were given by Mrs. Snyder of the Canton Art Institute, who spoke on art and" illustrated her talk with pictures; Mrs. Summers who talked on the English children living here; and Mrs. Keplinger who discussed politics and' their connection with farm women. Mrs. Eshler gave a vocal solo and there was also group singing. Picnickers Find Weather, Park Ideal An annual evening of fun and festivities—the American Legion festival—will be held Saturday evening at the Noaker farm at the" end of West Bachtel field. Plans for the festival have been underway for a number of weeks and Otis Jester, general chairman has announced that it will be similar to other festivals sponsored by the organization. The program will start at-~7j30 and the North Canton high school band will furnish music throughout the evening. There will be concessions for entertainment and hot dog, pop corn and ice cream stands. Later in the evening there will be the usual display of fireworks. Committee chairmen who are in charge of the evening include Harrison Cline, park and grounds; Lester Braucher, finances and tickets; Forest Oberlin, ice cream and , cake; Thomas Denton, pop corn; Earl Herbruck, wheel; Frank Stover, bingo; Guy Price, eats; John Stover, ice cream stand; Earl Herbruck, fireworks; and Lester Braucher, purchasing. All Legionaires are asked to be at the field Friday evening at 6:30 to help set up the concessions. Patrons of the festival will be glad to know that there will be plenty of parking space and traffic will be handled by the village police. Story of Schoenbrunn Related for Rotarians Drowsiness at the wheel early Friday morning caused John Henry Holmes of Akron to hit a pole on North Main St. in front of Dr. Frick's office, breaking it off. Mr. Holmes was only slightly injured although his automobile was considerably, damaged. His car was towed to a garage and he proceeded on to Canton with another motorist. Village Gets License Funds North Canton received $550 as its share of license tags revenue in the second division of funds from the state highway department. Stark county in general received a total of $115,128 for their road funds from the license tag revenue. Additional distribution of the funds received annually from this source will be made as rapidly as possible. o Senior Study Club to Picnic Monday The Senior Mothers' Study club will hold a picnic at Hoover camp on Monday, June 30 in the afternoon and evening. Reservations for the picnic are in charge of Mrs. H. L. Schug and Mrs. L. K. Acheson. Dinner will be served picnic style at 6 o'clock. The chairman for the picnic is Mrs. Nicholas LaRocco, assisted by Mrs. D. W. Yonally, Mrs. Paul Baxter and Mrs. Conrad Traut. Contests Hold Stage on Morning Program as Dads Play With Building Blocks, Mother Enters Banana Race, and Children Participate in Races, Rope Skipping and Other Skilled Events. Germans Advance Into Russia BBs&feaggsasaajBasss-* POLAND BORDER—The lightning-like Panzer divisions of Adolph Hitler's soldiers struck with untold fury, Sunday, June 22, against the'Red army. Soviet officials admit losses in former Lithuania and Poland. This scene shows Red soldiers on guard at the demarcation line that separated German and Soviet spheres. According to the Berlin high command, an attack from the northern tip of, Finland to ■ With perfect weather as their guide to the day, North Canton residents and Hoover employees made it a perfect day in fun as well when they motored to Geauga Lake park last Saturday for the annual day of picnic festivities. From early morning till after' noon automobiles were leaving the village as early and late groups headed north for the park where several thousand of their friends and neighbors were already gathered. The program for the day was scheduled to start at 10 o'clock with a planned series of games and contests for the children and their parents as well. When the crowd gathered at the sports field the program started -with a 25 yard dash for girls six and seven years old. First, second and third place winners were Joan Saylor, Rheta Harrison and Ardis Broeske. Other contest winners as they followed in order were: 25 yard dash for boys six and seven: Jack Shriner, Junior Getz, Donald Zir- ney; 50 yard dash, 10. and 11 year old girls, Barbara Gray, Belva North and Mary Ann Harrison; 75 yard, dash, boys 10 to 11, Carl Cochran, Dave Baxter, Ross Hildenbrand; shot-put, girls six and seven, Nancy Hanel, Phyllis North and Elta McDowell; ball throw, boys six and seven, Jim Masline, Bishop, Ralph Kaufman and Jay Bishop; 75 yard dash for girls 12 to 13, Louise Ann Vogt, Shirley Gill, and Barbara Achauer; and the 75 yard dash for boys 12' to 13, Buddy Langman, Junior Getz and" Jack Hanel. There were laughs aplenty for the crowd as they watched the shoe race for girls 8 to 9 which was won by Cynthia Yonally, Shirley Ann Harmon and Bonnie Ru- bel. Clayton,Card, Curtis Coons and Eddie Schmidt were winners in the 10 yard orange race and winners in the 75 yard dash for girls 14 and 15 were Ardis Faye Greenho, Alice Wise and Ann DeMuesy. In the 100 yard dash the winners were Jim Howe, Junior Traut and Ted Hanel. Balloon! race winners were Carol Ruegsegger, Margaret Wierich and Alice Messenheimer. Dennis Cornish, Jim * Flizer and Dick Wierich were winners in the 10 yard shoe race for boys and winners of the 25 yard rope skip for girls 12 and 13 were Caroline Storch, Rita Dick and Mary Lou Hildenbrand. Linda Seebach, Bill Deible and Ted Humbert were first, second and third place winners in the 50 yard marble race; winners of the foul shooting contest were Helen Swinehart, Bonita Noll and Donna Workman; winners in the putting Arthur Cornish, Don Spitler; theljffft were Harold Harrison, Billy shot-put for girls 10 to 11, Neva Miller and Bob Miller; Balloon Greenho, Beulah Myers and Caro- lme McMillan. Winners in the 25 yard hand race were Larry Mason, Harold Murphy and Victor Joliat; the 25 yard twin race winners were Ethel Weirich and Mary Catherine Metz, Dorothy Ann Curtis and Jane Ann Gotchall,-and Carol Kaufman and ratty O'Brien. Fruit race winners were John Biller, Lee Zerbee and Kalph Seemann; 25 yard dash for girls 10 to 11, Theresa Bourquin, Mary Surbey and Polly Hildenbrand. , *n the pitch and catch contests the pairs of winners were Leland Schneider and Billy Schreckengost, Jack Sponseller and Tom Braucher, and Larry Mason and Billy Bamn^cthe 25 yard dash for girls ?3^*i9>*?Audrey North,. Margaret ^^edorfiaid- Marlene Carnes; 50 -*■ 'for boys & to-9, William bursting contest winners were Irene Flizer, Arlene Floom and Bonita Noll; the 100 yard dash for boys 16 and 17 was won by Ray Sherman, Tod ^Hildenbrand and Bob Greenham; the 75 yard dash for girls 16 and 17 was won hy Caroline Boettler, Mary Meyers and Annabelle Myers; and the last of the juvenile contests, the javelin throw for boys 16 and 17 was won bx John Gill, Bill Sullivan and Art Grover. In the contests for adults, Mrs. Earl Hall, Grace Otto and Beatrice Young were winners in the 25 yard banana race; W. Van Tilberg, P. Powell and Bill Maitert won the construction contest and winners in the married relay race were Mr. and Mrs. Paul Broeske? Mr. and Mrs. Chamlerlain and Mr. and Mrs. Hpiner.Weida. Continued on Page Eigh Ten Girls to Gamp at Mary Eells for Week Classes to Be Conducted in Recreational Activities Ten girls will leave town this week-end for a camping vacation at Mary Eells camp where they will attend classes in handiwork, folk dancing, swimming and other recreational activities. They will be accompanied by Miss Frances Seederly who will be an instructor at the camp. _ Those who plan to make the trip include Rita Horning, Mary Rita •Metzger, Barbara Dorn, Josephine Barr, Joanne Oyler, Jean Tackas, Doris Day, Patty Wood, Peggy Capley and Joan Kistler. The girls will return home < July 6. — ■ u -~ New Employees in Harter and Citizens' Patrons of both the Citizens' Savings and Loan and the George D. Harter bank have seen new faces in the business establishments as Miss Marian Dakin in the Citizens' has replaced Wayne Graybill, now with the army and Miss Louise Law in the Harter bank has replaced Russell McNary, now employed in Cleveland. Miss Dakin was employed in Sullivan before coming to North Canton and is experienced as a clerk. Miss Law was formerly em ployed with the Corbett real estate agency. Dr, West to Attend Optometrist Convention Dr. and Mrs. Stanley E. West of 506 S. Main left Tuesday morning for Philadelphia, Pa., where Dr. West will spend several days at the famous eye clinic at the Pennsylvania State College of Optometry. Dr. West will attend lectures on the latest developments in the care of the human eye. From Philadelphia they plan to go to New York City for a few days and fromi there will •go to attend the National Optometric convention which will be .held. July 1, 2, 3 and 4. They, will return home International Conference at Denver Draws Record Attendance Still holding their record of the district for attendance, the North Canton Rotary club is continuing their efforts to keep the attendance cup in their possession. . "Ai^sf^-iT^stiRg Thursday-«v¥-'' ning members of the club heard O. G. Demuth, historical and areheo- Iogical student tell of the history and present condition of Schoenbrunn, Ohio historical shrine. The site of the early village of Schoenbrunn is located in a tract of 200 acres owned by the state. Mr. Demuth is at the present time living on the grounds and taking a leading part in the maintenance of the place. He stated that the plan is to keep the village as near like the original as possible. Very accurate records were kept by the Moravian church which started the village as a missionarfy'" project for the Indians. The first white settlement in this part of the country was made along the Tuscarawas river near Bolivar in 1772. This same year Schoenbrunn was started. At that time the center of the Moravian church was located in Pennsylvania and all missionaries were required to make careful reports to this centner. It was here that the original plans for the village of Schoenbrunn were found along with other historical data. Mrr Demuth stated that at the present time churches of all faiths are permitted to worship in the old log church in the village. More than one hundred thousand persons migrate annually to the historical shrine and visitors are always welcome. Reports from the international conference show that it is the largest convention ever held by the organization, attracting more than 9,000 Rotarians and their families from almost a score and a half countries. Delegates representing more than 5,000 Rotary clubs elected Tom J. Davis of Butte, Montana as their president for 1941-42. Mr. Davis succeeds Armando de Arruda Pereira of Brazil as president of the International. Speakers at the convention whyih started on Sunday, June 15 included Barclay Acheson, roving editor of Readers' Digest; Dr. Kenneth McFarland, prominent Kansas educator; Clarence Streit; Clifton L. Utley, news commentator; Dr. Hugo C. Stuntz; and many prominent Rotarians. Entertainment features, in addition to the inaugural ceremonies, included typical western entertainment and a style show for the ladies, banquets, special entertainment at Lakeside park, and the President's ball, held in honor of the retiring president of the organization. Toronto, Ontario, Canada, lias been chosen as the site of next year's convention. Charles Carper": and Clarence Rohrer represented the North Canton club at the con- .' vention this year. _*;- Three Girls Want Jobs WANTED: Girl for general housework; full time or day work. Good wages. This want ad in last week's paper produced 3 replies. IE yon need a girl .for house- w6rk;' place your ad in The SmtC?^;-.^":--*;.". ./-.< '-*■.-, -*
|Title||The Sun. (North Canton, Stark County, Ohio), 1941-06-25|
|Place||North Canton (Ohio); Stark County (Ohio)|
|Description||Beginning June 28, 1995, published as The sun journal.|
|Submitting Institution||North Canton Public Library|
|Rights||This item may have copyright restrictions. Online access is provided for research purposes only. For rights and reproduction requests or more information, go to http://www.ohiohistory.org/images/information|
|Place||North Canton (Ohio); Stark County (Ohio)|
|Description||Beginning June 28, 1995, published as The sun journal.|
|Submitting Institution||North Canton public Library|
No More Lost Motorists!
Council Votes for Street Signs
Science and Education
The graduates of schools and colleges have been hearing
wise advice from baccalaureate sermons, commencement orators, etc. While some of these young people feel they have
had more advice than they can absorb, the time when they
start their journey into undiscovered country is one when
even a sophisticated youth is apt to listen.
One suggestion frequently given is that education in
science is not enough by itself. The youth and the country
need to know what that science is to be used for. Germany
has done wonders in giving scientific education, but that
science is being used to reduce whole countries to servitude,
to terrorize innocent people, to send women and children to
premature graves, and to frighten the whole world.
Science is a wonderful instrument. It offers the young
m,an of today perhaps the best chance for material success.-
The scientific man is surer of a job than anybody else. The
world simply has" to have his technique.
If that science simply supplies material things, it may
not supply that sentiment of fraternity and kindness and
justice which the world so terribly needs. Young people need
training that shall develop moral standards, and also show
thenations how they can live together in peace.
The world is being torn to pieces by conflict between nations and between classes and elements in society. The human race has made marvelous advances in technical science,
but in the great science of human relations, in justice, humanity and generosity, it m)akes slow progress. It is not easy
to change young people's ideals. You can teach them science
out of- books and lectures, but it takes something more than
bouk ^ co persuade them to be generous and unselfish and
"The crudest form of civilization is that of "anarchy":
each man for himself, with no regard for the interests of the
community. We sometimes speak of a simple form of government, but the "simplest" form of government is that of
the despot, whose word is law and who carries out his will
regardless of the wishes of the people; and despotism may
have its seat in an institution asi well as in a man.
A democratic form- of government, that is, a government
for the people and by the people, is the most complex in its
nature, because not only must the interests of the individual
be considered, but the interests of the entire community. It
quite naturally follows thatl the larger the number of people
concerned, the more difficult becomes the administration of
law which shall be just and fair to all men.
Thus, according to law, an individual man may not do as
he pleases even with his own property. For instance, he may
not burn down his own house, because the burning of that
property may set fire to the property of his next-door neighbor. No man may do with his own children as he pleases. In
every enlightened state he must send them to school in order
to acquire the education which our present-day civilization
demands of its citizens.
A Democracy is the rule of the many.for the good of
all—and a democratic government has the right to demand
that its citizens so conduct their lives that they bring no
harm to any other citizen. Free discussion, free decisions