The State Library of Ohio World War II Collection includes ration memorabilia dating from between 1942 and 1947.
According to the now-defunct Office of Price Administration’s 1947 pamphlet, Rationing in World War II, “the outbreak of war confronted the American people with an experience new to most of them – widespread shortages of goods they had money to buy.” In some cases, imports were reduced or cut off; in others, factories were converted to wartime production. Supply simply could not meet demand. As a consequence, the Priorities and Allocations Act (1940) and the Second War Powers Act (1942) were put into place, and many commodities were rationed. These included transportation commodities, fuels and stoves, some foods, footwear, and typewriters.