CLEVELAND HEIGHTS SCHOOLS 9
The Chemistry department aims to teach the meaning and significance of chemical
changes, emphasizes the study of oxidation in the laboratory and in nature, studies
the relations of the simpler gases to the composition of water and other substances,
assists pupils to gain a better understanding of the elements and their compounds
in the simpler industrial processes, trains them in the proper use and care of apparatus,
and arouses pupils to a greater appreciation of the natural advantages that surround
them. The department requests that time be allowed for visits to industrial plants
in Cleveland, that sections consist of not more than 22 pupils, and that the plumbing
in the laboratory be overhauled.
In Biology, the pupils are made acquainted with some of the how and why of
nature's changes, together with the relation of these changes to right living and useful
citizenship. About 80 pupils take this subject.
In General Science, projects and reports are made by each pupil at least once
every semester: lantern-slides are used frequently; demonstrations are given three
times a week, and one period a week is devoted to individual and group laboratory
work. In this subject, the aim is to teach the scientific method of thought and procedure, to impart practical information concerning matters of every day life, and to
lay a foundation for the study of Chemistry, Physics and Biology. It is a matter of
regret that the colleges as a whole do not accept this subject as a unit for admission;
otherwise it would be elected by a far greater number of pupils.
In Physics, the majority of the pupils take the subject to meet college entrance
requirements. Consequently, emphasis is placed on the theoretical, but much work
of a practical nature is done. To do the work thoroughly, more time should be provided.
Thirty-six girls, mostly Seniors, took the course in Hygience and Sanitation. This
is a most valuable course, affording instruction in those elements of nursing, dietetics,
and first aid, in which every girl should be adept. Only lack of time prevents it from becoming a requirement for the school diploma.
The reorganization of the work in Mathematics, begun last year, is being continued.
The use of the Wentworth-Smith-Brown text, Book III, is recommended for the 9th
year, together with the following changes:
1. Algebra through quadratics, with more emphasis upon the formula, equation and graph, and less work in technical abstract Algebra.
2. Statisticsâ€”very simple work in the fundamentals, in connection with graphing
in Algebra.
3. Numerical Trigonometry.
4. Intuitional Geometry, and at least a beginning in demonstrative Geometry.
The following program is urged for the Senior High School: Tenth year, plane
demonstrative Geometry, with emphasis given to numerical Trigonometry in connection
with similar triangles: eleventh year, Trigonometry for the first semester, and solid
Geometry for the second semester: twelfth year, Algebra for the first semester, and
Senior Review for the second semester, including Algebra and Statistics. This arrangement has the advantage of placing the college Algebra in the Senior year, and
it is the intention to do away with the Senior Review as soon as conditions warrant.