8 CiLEVELAiND HEIGHTS SCHOOLS
Geography. The Buckingham-Stevenson United States Geography
Tests were given in February and the scores tabulated."** The complete
redistribution has not been made; therefore, no grade medians are obtainable. However, Table V gives the 'highest and the lowest scores
attained in grades 5, 6 and 7 in both tests I and II.
Table VI shows the results of typical tests for each grade. A typical
test median is a median which falls near the center of the general tendency. In each instance, results of these typical tests are higher than
the standard published by Dr. Buckingham. We may assume, therefore, that United States Geography is being well taught in comparison
to what other systems are doing.
General Intelligence. Four tests for estimating general ability have
been given this school year.
I. The Illinois General Intelligence Test Scores were used to gauge
the general mental capacity of the children of the third to sixth grades,
inclusive, and also to help the teachers find out whether children were
working up to their individual capacities or were obtaining in their
studies, results which were lower than should be expected of them.
Testing work in subject matter was concentrated on Arithmetic
this year and the scores on the Arithmetic Tests were compared with
the scores on the general ability tests. The result gave a quotient indicative of the fact that any individual pupil was or was not working
to his capacity. These figures, in conjunction with the teachers' estimates, helped determine the classification of any pupil much more thoroughly than teachers' estimates or tests alone.
Results of the Illinois Intelligence Tests are given by grades in
Table VII. In each grade the percent above the standard attained by
the pupils is given. Median scores were used for purposes of estimating the efficiency of an individual grade. If v>3 average these percents,
one may say that the intelligence of the Elementary School pupils is
approximately 13 percent higher than the average for elementary school
pupils throughout the country.
II. Pressey Classification Tests were given in Grades I and II to
determine more nearly the grade status of the pupils tested. Results are
tabulated in Table VIII. It is interesting to note that the median score
obtained by the pupils in the la Grade is equivalent to the standard for
■ the first month of the 4th grade.
These results, as well as those of the Illinois General Intelligence
Tests, indicate that the pupils in the Heights Schools are of superior
intelligence and that we may expect excellent work from them on the
whole.
The median intelligence quotient for the grades 3 to 6, inclusive,
has come out 109, using Monroe's Tables for Computation.
III. In the kindergarten, promotion to the first grade was made
partially upon the score attained In the Detroit first grade test. All
pupils in Kindergarten A took this test both in January and in June.
Other ratings besides the test score were taken into account. Pupils